IPG Photonics Announces Fourth Quarter 2020 Financial Results

Company Ends 2020 with Year-Over-Year Growth in Sales and Strong Bookings

EPS of $0.92 Reduced by Additional Inventory Charge of $0.20 and Foreign Exchange Loss of $0.07

OXFORD, Mass., Feb. 16, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- IPG Photonics Corporation (NASDAQ: IPGP) today reported financial results for the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2020.

  Three Months Ended December 31,   Twelve Months Ended December 31,  
(In millions, except per share data and percentages) 2020 2019 Change 2020 2019 Change
Revenue $336.6  $306.6  10% $1,200.7  $1,314.6  (9)%
Gross margin 43.6% 40.5%   44.9% 46.1%  
Operating income $65.2  $0.2  32,500% $198.7  $233.8  (15)%
Operating margin 19.4% 0.1%   16.5% 17.8%  
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $49.3  $(4.5) NM $159.6  $180.2  (11)%
Earnings per diluted share $0.92  $(0.08) NM $2.97  $3.35  (11)%

NM - Not meaningful

Management Comments

"We are very pleased with our fourth quarter results as we delivered revenue that was 10% higher than the fourth quarter 2019 and was above the top end of our guidance range," said Dr. Valentin Gapontsev, IPG Photonics' Chief Executive Officer. "In addition, book-to-bill was above one in the fourth quarter as we saw the traction in order flow continue from the third quarter. We are benefiting from the advantages of our leading-edge products, technology differentiation, low-cost production capabilities and global footprint. Although gross margin was reduced by 410 basis points by an additional inventory charge of $14 million, we still achieved a 310 basis point year-over-year increase in gross margin driven by an increase in revenue, product cost reductions, and product mix. Despite numerous challenges in 2020 from COVID-19, we ended the year with a strong performance and are very well positioned as we enter 2021."

Financial Highlights

Fourth quarter revenue of $337 million increased 10% year over year. Materials processing, which is comprised of many different applications, accounted for 90% of total revenue, and increased 10% year over year primarily due to higher sales in cutting applications. Sales into other applications increased 12% year over year, driven by the strength in advanced applications and devices used in medical procedures.

Sales of high power continuous wave ("CW") lasers, representing 55% of total revenue, increased 17% year over year. These sales benefited from growth of ultra-high power fiber lasers (6 kilowatts of power or greater) which represented 56% of all high power CW laser sales. By region, sales increased 52% in China, and decreased 5% in Europe, 29% in Japan and 11% in North America on a year-over-year basis. During the fourth quarter, emerging product and application sales were 28% of total revenue and increased 22% year over year.

Earnings per diluted share ("EPS") of $0.92 increased by more than 100% year over year. The additional inventory charge that negatively impacted EPS was related to optical components that have been replaced by components with better performance. The effective tax rate in the quarter was 24%. During the fourth quarter, IPG generated $85 million in cash from operations and capital expenditures were $26 million. There was no stock repurchased during the quarter.

Business Outlook and Financial Guidance

"Bookings growth was strong across all our key geographies, building on the improvements that started in the third quarter. We believe we are starting to benefit more meaningfully from a stronger investment cycle driven by equipment upgrades, automation, the need for flexible processing and even improved efficiency. In total, fourth quarter book-to-bill was above 1. Our total backlog was $674 million, which comprised of $376 million of orders with firm shipment dates, and $298 million of frame agreements. While total backlog decreased by 3%, this was due to a 27% decrease in frame agreements. Importantly, orders with firm shipment dates increased by 32%. In addition, order flow for frame agreements, which are primarily booked in China, has been very strong in the first weeks of the year."

"While considerable macroeconomic uncertainty related to the pandemic remains, we are incrementally more optimistic in our outlook given the near-term trends we have seen in the last quarter. We continue to see sales improve in our core materials processing market and are excited about our ability to grow in other applications outside of cutting and welding, primarily in advanced applications, electric vehicle battery processing, micro-processing and medical. We have continued to execute admirably in these challenging times, and our strong balance sheet and free cash flow provide us ample flexibility to respond to business disruptions and maintain our leading competitive position," concluded Dr. Gapontsev.

For the first quarter of 2021, IPG expects revenue of $310 to $340 million. The Company expects the first quarter tax rate to be approximately 25%. IPG anticipates delivering earnings per diluted share in the range of $0.90 to $1.20, with 53.2 million basic common shares outstanding and 53.9 million diluted common shares outstanding. Financial guidance provided this quarter is subject to greater risk and uncertainty given the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated impacts on the global business environment, public health requirements and government mandates.

As discussed in more detail in the "Safe Harbor" passage of this news release, actual results may differ from this guidance due to various factors including, but not limited to, government and Company measures implemented to address the COVID-19 pandemic, product demand, order cancellations and delays, competition, tariffs, trade policy changes and general economic conditions. This guidance is based upon current market conditions and expectations, and is subject to the risks outlined in the Company's reports with the SEC, and assumes exchange rates relative to the U.S. Dollar of Euro 0.82, Russian Ruble 74, Japanese Yen 103 and Chinese Yuan 6.52, respectively.

Supplemental Financial Information

Additional supplemental financial information is provided in the unaudited Fourth Quarter 2020 Financial Data Workbook available on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.

Conference Call Reminder

The Company will hold a conference call today, February 16, 2021 at 10:00 am ET. To access the call, please dial 877-407-6184 in the US or 201-389-0877 internationally. A live webcast of the call will also be available and archived on the investor relations section of the Company's website at investor.ipgphotonics.com.


Eugene Fedotoff
Director of Investor Relations
IPG Photonics Corporation

About IPG Photonics Corporation

IPG Photonics Corporation is the leader in high-power fiber lasers and amplifiers used primarily in materials processing and other diverse applications. The Company's mission is to make its fiber laser technology the tool of choice in mass production. IPG accomplishes this mission by delivering superior performance, reliability and usability at a lower total cost of ownership compared with other types of lasers and non-laser tools, allowing end users to increase productivity and decrease costs. A member of the S&P 500® Index, IPG is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts and has more than 25 facilities worldwide. For more information, visit www.ipgphotonics.com.

Safe Harbor Statement

Information and statements provided by IPG and its employees, including statements in this press release, that relate to future plans, events or performance are forward-looking statements. These statements involve risks and uncertainties. Any statements in this press release that are not statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to signs of improving sales in our core materials processing market and our ability to grow in other applications outside of cutting and welding, primarily in advanced applications, electric vehicle battery processing, micro-processing and medical, our ability to benefit from a stronger investment cycle driven by equipment upgrades, automation, the need for flexible processing and even improved efficiency, continuing to introduce leading-edge solutions, ability to execute in challenging times, our strong balance sheet and free cash flow providing us ample flexibility to respond to business disruptions and maintain our leading competitive position, impacts of COVID-19 on our business, the global economy and government policies, revenue, tax rate and earnings guidance for Q1 2021. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include risks and uncertainties, including risks associated with the strength or weakness of the business conditions in industries and geographic markets that IPG serves, particularly the effect of downturns in the markets IPG serves; uncertainties and adverse changes in the general economic conditions of markets; IPG's ability to penetrate new applications for fiber lasers and increase market share; the rate of acceptance and penetration of IPG's products; inability to manage risks associated with international customers and operations; changes in trade controls and trade policies; foreign currency fluctuations; high levels of fixed costs from IPG's vertical integration; the appropriateness of IPG's manufacturing capacity for the level of demand; competitive factors, including declining average selling prices; the effect of acquisitions and investments; inventory write-downs; asset impairment charges; intellectual property infringement claims and litigation; interruption in supply of key components; manufacturing risks; government regulations and trade sanctions; and other risks identified in IPG's SEC filings. Readers are encouraged to refer to the risk factors described in IPG's Annual Report on Form 10-K (filed with the SEC on February 24, 2020), Current Report on Form 8-K (filed with the SEC on November 3, 2020) and IPG's reports filed with the SEC, as applicable. Actual results, events and performance may differ materially. Readers are cautioned not to rely on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date hereof. IPG undertakes no obligation to update the forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after the date hereof or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events.


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
  (In thousands, except per share data)
Net sales $336,630  $306,627  $1,200,724  $1,314,581 
Cost of sales 189,751  182,424  661,728  708,372 
Gross profit 146,879  124,203  538,996  606,209 
Operating expenses:        
Sales and marketing 17,242  18,838  70,583  77,745 
Research and development 31,766  30,469  126,898  129,997 
General and administrative 27,444  25,071  110,005  107,597 
Goodwill impairment   37,120  44,589  37,120 
Impairment of long-lived assets and other restructuring charges   7,130  1,177  7,130 
Loss (gain) on foreign exchange 5,186  5,332  (12,915) 12,827 
Total operating expenses 81,638  123,960  340,337  372,416 
Operating income 65,241  243  198,659  233,793 
Other income, net:        
Interest income, net 173  2,501  6,270  14,238 
Other income, net 182  216  763  345 
Total other income 355  2,717  7,033  14,583 
Income before provision of income taxes 65,596  2,960  205,692  248,376 
Provision for income taxes 15,920  7,263  45,354  68,115 
Net income (loss) 49,676  (4,303) 160,338  180,261 
Less: net income attributable to non-controlling interests 337  147  766  27 
Net income (loss) attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation $49,339  $(4,450) $159,572  $180,234 
Net income attributable to IPG Photonics Corporation per share:        
Basic $0.92  $(0.08) $3.00  $3.40 
Diluted $0.92  $(0.08) $2.97  $3.35 
Weighted average shares outstanding:        
Basic 53,187  52,916  53,186  53,061 
Diluted 53,865  52,916  53,785  53,839 


  December 31, December 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands, except share and 
per share data)
Current assets:    
Cash and cash equivalents $876,231  $680,070 
Short-term investments 514,835  502,546 
Accounts receivable, net 264,321  238,479 
Inventories 364,993  380,790 
Prepaid income taxes 69,893  38,873 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 57,804  55,876 
Total current assets 2,148,077  1,896,634 
Deferred income taxes, net 43,197  31,395 
Goodwill 41,366  82,092 
Intangible assets, net 62,114  74,271 
Property, plant and equipment, net 597,527  600,852 
Other assets 43,419  45,192 
Total assets $2,935,700  $2,730,436 
Current liabilities:    
Current portion of long-term debt $3,810  $3,740 
Accounts payable 25,748  27,329 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities 176,740  149,782 
Income taxes payable 8,280  11,053 
Total current liabilities 214,578  191,904 
Deferred income taxes and other long-term liabilities 92,854  98,121 
Long-term debt, net of current portion 34,157  37,968 
Total liabilities 341,589  327,993 
Commitments and contingencies    
IPG Photonics Corporation equity:    
Common stock, $0.0001 par value, 175,000,000 shares authorized; 55,461,246 and 53,427,234 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2020; 54,743,227 and 53,010,875 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, at December 31, 2019. 6  5 
Treasury stock, at cost (2,034,012 and 1,732,352 shares held at December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.) (303,614) (265,730)
Additional paid-in capital 854,301  785,636 
Retained earnings 2,188,191  2,028,734 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (146,065) (146,919)
Total IPG Photonics Corporation equity 2,592,819  2,401,726 
Non-controlling interests 1,292  717 
Total equity 2,594,111  2,402,443 
Total liabilities and equity $2,935,700  $2,730,436 


  Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:    
Net income $160,338  $180,261 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:    
Depreciation and amortization 94,554  96,268 
Goodwill impairment 44,589  37,120 
Impairment of long-lived assets 671  5,350 
Provisions for inventory, warranty & bad debt 70,572  63,752 
Other 11,366  32,198 
Changes in assets and liabilities that used cash, net of acquisitions:    
Accounts receivable and accounts payable (14,964) (481)
Inventories (39,900) (28,105)
Other (41,891) (62,842)
Net cash provided by operating activities 285,335  323,521 
Cash flows from investing activities:    
Purchases of property, plant and equipment (87,696) (133,536)
Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment 889  661 
Purchases of short-term and long-term investments (1,111,555) (760,300)
Proceeds from short-term investments 1,099,224  768,078 
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired (429) (15,115)
Other (7) 237 
Net cash used in investing activities (99,574) (139,975)
Cash flows from financing activities:    
Principal payments on long-term borrowings (3,740) (3,671)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock option and purchase plans less payments for taxes related to net share settlement of equity awards 33,194  7,336 
Purchase of treasury stock, at cost (37,884) (40,732)
Payment of purchase price holdback from business combination (1,650)  
Net cash used in financing activities (10,080) (37,067)
Effect of changes in exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash 19,888  (7,853)
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash 195,569  138,626 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — Beginning of period 682,984  544,358 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — End of period 878,553  682,984 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:    
Cash paid for interest $2,234  $2,683 
Cash paid for income taxes $85,861  $116,951 


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Amortization of intangible assets:        
Cost of sales $1,166  $1,273  $4,728  $5,167 
Sales and marketing 1,779  1,779  7,113  7,138 
Research and development   160  133  640 
Total amortization of intangible assets $2,945  $3,212  $11,974  $12,945 


  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Cost of sales $2,690  $2,443  $10,392  $9,249 
Sales and marketing 1,120  908  4,395  3,815 
Research and development 2,317  1,735  9,122  7,690 
General and administrative 3,051  2,728  11,749  12,824 
Total stock-based compensation 9,178  7,814  35,658  33,578 
Tax effect of stock-based compensation (1,912) (2,007) (7,498) (8,128)
Net stock-based compensation $7,266  $5,807  $28,160  $25,450 

  Three Months Ended December 31, Twelve Months Ended December 31,
  2020 2019 2020 2019
  (In thousands)
Excess tax benefit on exercise of stock options included in net income $3,074  $645  $9,664  $5,114 


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