Northfield Bancorp, Inc. Announces First Quarter 2020 Results

NOTABLE ITEMS FOR THE QUARTER INCLUDE:

  • COVID-19 RESPONSE
    • 36 of 37 branches continue to operate and we are supporting our employees as they continue to serve our customers and communities.
    • Approved over 570 Paycheck Protection Program loans totaling over $91 million, helping our small business customers retain over 9,500 employees.
    • Implemented loan relief programs, and suspended certain deposit fees and charges, to support businesses and individuals.
    • Declared regular quarterly cash dividend of $0.11 per share, based on strong earnings, capital, and liquidity, to support our stockholders, many of whom are businesses and individuals that live and work in our communities.
  • DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE OF $0.10 FOR THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2020, COMPARED TO $0.21 FOR THE FOURTH QUARTER OF 2019, AND $0.19 FOR THE FIRST QUARTER OF 2019
    • The decrease in earnings for the current quarter as compared to the trailing and comparable prior year quarters is largely due to an increase in the provision for incurred loan losses primarily attributable to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on qualitative factors. The provision for loan losses increased by $7.4 million, or $0.12 per share (after tax), and $8.1 million, or $0.13 per share (after tax), compared to the trailing and comparable prior year quarters.
    • Earnings for the trailing quarter reflect the benefit of $1.0 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, of tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance proceeds in excess of the cash surrender value of the policies, offset by $755,000, after tax, in occupancy costs related to the consolidation of three branches, and $125,000 of merger-related costs, for a total of $0.02 per diluted share.
  • NON-PERFORMING LOANS TO TOTAL LOANS WAS 0.27% AT MARCH 31, 2020, COMPARED TO 0.29% AT DECEMBER 31, 2019
  • NET INTEREST INCOME INCREASED $1.5 MILLION, OR 5.1%, OVER THE TRAILING QUARTER AND $2.6 MILLION, OR 9.5%, OVER THE COMPARABLE PRIOR YEAR QUARTER
  • NET INTEREST MARGIN INCREASED 11 BASIS POINTS TO 2.57% FOR THE CURRENT QUARTER AS COMPARED TO 2.45% FOR THE TRAILING QUARTER, AND DECREASED SIX BASIS POINTS FROM THE COMPARABLE PRIOR YEAR QUARTER
  • ORIGINATED LOANS INCREASED $111.7 MILLION, OR 15.0% ANNUALIZED
  • DEPOSITS, EXCLUDING BROKERED, INCREASED $110.2 MILLION, OR 14.0% ANNUALIZED

WOODBRIDGE, N.J., April 29, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- NORTHFIELD BANCORP, INC. (Nasdaq:NFBK), the holding company for Northfield Bank, reported diluted earnings per common share of $0.10 for the quarter ended March 31, 2020, as compared to $0.21 per diluted share for the quarter ended December 31, 2019, and $0.19 per diluted share for the quarter ended March 31, 2019. Earnings for the quarter ended December 31, 2019, included $1.0 million, or $0.02 per diluted share, of tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance proceeds in excess of the cash surrender value of the policies, offset by $755,000, after tax, in occupancy costs related to the consolidation of three branches, and $125,000 of merger-related costs, for a total of $0.02 per diluted share.

Commenting on the quarter, Steven M. Klein, the Company’s President and Chief Executive Officer noted, “In these extraordinary times, our employees have demonstrated a level of caring and commitment to our communities, and our customers, which is inspirational.  As an organization, we have implemented a number of measures to build resiliency, including a focus on transforming our operations to maintain our high service levels, while providing for the safety of our employees and customers, and improving on financial fundamentals, including increasing our net interest margin, total loans and total deposits, while reducing our operating expenses, and increasing our allowance for loan losses to reflect the economic hardships being experienced. These measures ensure that we can continue to be a source of strength to our communities, our customers, and our stockholders.”

Mr. Klein further noted, “In a time when many businesses and people are suffering from a dramatic decline in income, I’m pleased to announce that the Board of Directors has declared a dividend of $0.11 per common share, payable on May 27, 2020, to stockholders of record on May 13, 2020.”

Results of Operations

Comparison of Operating Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

Net income was $4.6 million and $8.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively. Significant variances from the comparable prior year quarter are as follows: a $2.6 million increase in net interest income, an $8.1 million increase in the provision for loan losses, a $3.2 million decrease in non-interest income, a $3.5 million decrease in non-interest expense, and a $1.0 million decrease in income tax expense.

Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020, increased $2.6 million, or 9.5%, to $29.9 million, from $27.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, primarily due to a $477.2 million, or 11.3%, increase in our average interest-earning assets, partially offset by a six basis point decrease in our net interest margin to 2.57% from 2.63% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The increase in our average interest-earning assets was due to increases in average loans outstanding of $253.1 million, average mortgage-backed securities of $327.6 million, and average Federal Home Loan Bank of New York (“FHLBNY”) stock of $9.5 million, partially offset by decreases in average other securities of $90.7 million and average interest-earning deposits in financial institutions of $22.3 million. The decrease in net interest margin was due to lower yields on interest-earning assets which decreased 13 basis points to 3.67% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from 3.80% for the three months ended March 31, 2019, partially offset by an 11 basis point decrease in the cost of our interest-bearing liabilities to 1.36% for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from 1.47% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020, included loan prepayment income of $627,000 as compared to $420,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019.

The provision for loan losses increased by $8.1 million to $8.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $59,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The increase in the provision primarily reflects increased reserves related to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic, including increases to our qualitative loss factors related to rising unemployment and loan rating changes related to loan modification requests, and, to a lesser extent loan growth. Net charge-offs were $90,000 and $70,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and March 31, 2019, respectively.

The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act, a stimulus package signed into law on March 27, 2020 to address economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, provides financial institutions with the option to defer adoption of the Financial Accounting Standards Board's Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326) until the earlier of the end of the pandemic or December 31, 2020. The Company has elected to defer adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 and its Current Expected Credit Loss methodology (“CECL”). Upon the Company's future adoption of CECL, the change from the incurred loss methodology to the CECL methodology will be recognized through an adjustment to retained earnings, with an effective retrospective implementation date of January 1, 2020.

Non-interest income decreased $3.2 million, or 96.7%, to $108,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, primarily due to a decrease of  $3.1 million in gains on trading securities, net. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, losses on trading securities were $2.0 million as compared to gains of $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The trading portfolio is utilized to fund the Company’s deferred compensation obligation to certain employees and directors of the Company's deferred compensation plan (the “Plan”). The participants of this Plan, at their election, defer a portion of their compensation. Gains and losses on trading securities have no effect on net income since participants benefit from, and bear the full risk of, changes in the trading securities market values. Therefore, the Company records an equal and offsetting amount in compensation expense, reflecting the change in the Company’s obligations under the Plan.

Non-interest expense decreased $3.5 million, or 18.3%, to $15.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $19.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. This is due primarily to a $3.7 million decrease in employee compensation and benefits, $3.1 million of which is related to the Company's deferred compensation plan, which is described above and has no effect on net income, and a $630,000 decrease in equity award expense related to equity awards that fully vested in June 2019. Partially offsetting the decrease was an increase in professional fees of $342,000, primarily merger-related costs associated with our proposed acquisition of VSB Bancorp, Inc. announced in December 2019.

The Company recorded income tax expense of $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $2.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020, was 26.3% compared to 22.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The higher effective tax rate for three months ended March 31, 2020 is primarily attributable to the effects of a technical bulletin issued by the New Jersey Division of Taxation in the second quarter of 2019 that specified treatment of real estate investment trusts in connection with combined reporting for New Jersey corporate business tax purposes.

Comparison of Operating Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019

Net income was $4.6 million and $10.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively. Significant variances from the prior quarter are as follows: a $1.5 million increase in net interest income, a $7.4 million increase in the provision for loan losses, a $4.1 million decrease in non-interest income, a $3.0 million decrease in non-interest expense, and a $1.4 million decrease in income tax expense.

Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020, increased $1.5 million, or 5.1%, primarily due to a $72.5 million, or 1.6%, increase in our average interest-earning assets, and an 12 basis point increase in our net interest margin to 2.57% from 2.45% for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase in our average interest-earning assets was due to increases in average loans outstanding of $90.8 million and average mortgage-backed securities of $22.4 million, partially offset by decreases in average other securities of $26.8 million, average FHLBNY stock of $4.8 million, and average interest-earning deposits in financial institutions of $9.0 million. The increase in net interest margin was primarily due to lower rates on deposits and borrowings.  The cost of our interest-bearing liabilities decreased 14 basis points to 1.36% for the current quarter as compared to 1.50% for the prior quarter. Yields on interest-earning assets remained level at 3.67% for both three month periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. Net interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2020, included loan prepayment income of $627,000, as compared to $362,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2019.

The provision for loan losses increased by $7.4 million to $8.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from a provision of $772,000 for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The increase in the provision primarily reflects increased reserves related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including increases to our qualitative loss factors related to rising unemployment and loan rating changes related to loan modification requests, and, to a lesser extent loan growth. Net charge-offs were $90,000 and $131,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively.

Non-interest income decreased by $4.1 million to $108,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from $4.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to a $1.1 million decrease in income on bank owned life insurance, attributable to insurance proceeds in excess of the related cash surrender value of the policies, received in the prior quarter, and a $2.5 million decrease in gains on trading securities, net. Losses on trading securities were $2.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, as compared to gains of $531,000 for the prior quarter. As previously noted, the trading portfolio is utilized to fund the Company’s deferred compensation obligation to certain employees and directors of the Company's deferred compensation plan, and gains and losses on trading securities have no effect on net income since participants benefit from, and bear the full risk of, changes in the trading securities market values.

Non-interest expense decreased $3.0 million, or 16.3%, to $15.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, from $18.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019, primarily due to a $2.4 million decrease in employee compensation and benefits, related to the Company's deferred compensation plan (previously discussed) which has no effect on net income, and a $1.1 million decrease in occupancy expense, related to costs incurred with the consolidation of three branches effective December 31, 2019. Partially offsetting the decreases, were increases of $217,000 in advertising expense and $178,000 in other non-interest expense.

The Company recorded income tax expense of $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, compared to $3.1 million for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was 26.3% compared to 23.2% for the three months ended December 31, 2019. The effective tax rate for the prior quarter was lower due to the benefit of $1.0 million of tax-exempt income from bank owned life insurance proceeds in excess of the cash surrender value of the policies.

Financial Condition

Total assets decreased $58.5 million, or 1.2%, to $5.00 billion at March 31, 2020, from $5.06 billion at December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily due to decreases in available-for sale debt securities of $76.9 million, or 6.8%, cash and cash equivalents of $33.1 million, or 22.4%, FHLBNY stock of $9.7 million, or 24.6%, and an increase in the allowance for loan losses of $8.1 million, or 28.2%. Partially offsetting these decreases, was an increase in loans held-for-investment, net, of $72.1 million, or 2.1%.

As of March 31, 2020, we estimate that our non-owner occupied commercial real estate concentration (as defined by regulatory guidance issued in 2006) to total risk-based capital was approximately 455%. Management believes that Northfield Bank (the Bank) has implemented appropriate risk management practices including risk assessments, board approved underwriting policies and related procedures which include monitoring bank portfolio performance, performing market analysis (economic and real estate), and stressing of the Bank’s commercial real estate portfolio under severe adverse economic conditions. Although management believes the Bank has implemented appropriate policies and procedures to manage our commercial real estate concentration risk, the Bank’s regulators could require us to implement additional policies and procedures or could require us to maintain higher levels of regulatory capital, which might adversely affect our loan originations, ability to pay dividends, and profitability.

Cash and cash equivalents decreased by $33.1 million, or 22.4%, to $114.7 million at March 31, 2020, from $147.8 million at December 31, 2019, primarily due to a decrease in cash balances held at the Federal Reserve Bank. Balances fluctuate based on the timing of receipt of security and loan repayments and the redeployment of cash into higher-yielding assets such as loans and securities, or the funding of deposit outflows or borrowing maturities.

Loans held-for-investment, net, increased $72.1 million to $3.51 billion at March 31, 2020, from $3.44 billion at December 31, 2019, primarily due to an increase in originated loans held-for-investment of $111.7 million, partially offset by decreases in acquired loans of $39.2 million. Originated loans held-for-investment, net, totaled $3.10 billion at March 31, 2020, as compared to $2.99 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to an increase in multifamily real estate loans of $104.6 million, or 4.8%, to $2.30 billion at March 31, 2020, from $2.20 billion at December 31, 2019.

On June 14, 2019, the New York State legislature passed the Housing Stability and Tenant Protection Act of 2019, impacting about one million rent-regulated apartment units. Among other things, the new legislation: (i) curtails rent increases from Material Capital Improvements and Individual Apartment Improvements; (ii) all but eliminates the ability for apartments to exit rent regulation; (iii) does away with vacancy decontrol and high-income deregulation; and (iv) repealed the 20% vacancy bonus. At March 31, 2020, the Company has approximately $407.2 million in multifamily loans in New York City with tenants that have some form of rent stabilization or rent control. The weighted average loan to value (“LTV”) was 46.0% based on the current balance and the collateral value at date of origination on this portfolio. The highest LTV in this portfolio is 72.9%. While it is too early to measure the full impact of the legislation, it generally limits a landlord’s ability to increase rents on rent-regulated apartments and makes it more difficult to convert rent regulated apartments to market rate apartments. As a result, the value of the collateral located in New York State securing the Company’s multifamily loans or the future net operating income of such properties could potentially become impaired. Management will continue to evaluate the effect of rent regulations on the collateral values.

The following tables detail our multifamily real estate originations for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):

 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Multifamily
Originations
 Weighted Average
Interest Rate
 Weighted Average
LTV Ratio
 Weighted Average Months to Next
Rate Change or Maturity for Fixed
Rate Loans
 (F)ixed or
(V)ariable
 Amortization Term
$181,511  3.67% 60% 94 V 30 Years
1,500  4.40% 47% 180 F 15 Years
$183,011  3.68% 60%      


For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
Multifamily
Originations
 Weighted Average
Interest Rate
 Weighted Average
LTV Ratio
 Weighted Average Months to Next
Rate Change or Maturity for Fixed
Rate Loans
 (F)ixed or (V)ariable Amortization Term
$90,743  4.26% 57% 75 V 30 Years
               

Acquired loans decreased by $39.2 million to $393.5 million at March 31, 2020, from $432.7 million at December 31, 2019, primarily due to paydowns of one-to-four family residential loans.

Purchased credit-impaired (“PCI”) loans totaled $16.9 million at March 31, 2020, as compared to $17.4 million at December 31, 2019. The majority of the PCI loan balance consists of loans acquired as part of a Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation-assisted transaction. The Company accreted interest income of $803,000 and $1.0 million attributable to PCI loans for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and March 31, 2019, respectively.

The Company has elected to participate in the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) authorized by the CARES Act, and administered by the Small Business Administration, which provides 100% federally guaranteed loans for small businesses to cover payroll, utilities, rent and interest. These small business loans may be forgiven if borrowers maintain their payrolls and satisfy certain other conditions for a period of time during the COVID-19 pandemic. As of April 29, 2020, we had approvals for over 570 loans, totaling approximately $91 million, and benefiting small businesses with over 9,500 employees. PPP provides for lender processing fees that range from 1-5% of the final disbursement made to individual borrowers.  Based on the Company’s approved disbursements as of April 29, 2020, we estimate our loan processing fees would be approximately $3.2 million

The Company’s available-for-sale debt securities portfolio decreased by $76.9 million, or 6.8%, to $1.06 billion at March 31, 2020, from $1.14 billion at December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily attributable to paydowns and maturities. At March 31, 2020, $934.4 million of the portfolio consisted of residential mortgage-backed securities issued or guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, or Ginnie Mae. In addition, the Company held $126.7 million in corporate bonds, the majority of which were considered investment grade at March 31, 2020, and $279,000 in municipal bonds. No specific COVID-19 related credit impairment was identified within the Company’s investment securities portfolio during the first quarter of 2020.

Total liabilities decreased $65.0 million, or 1.5%, to $4.29 billion at March 31, 2020, from $4.36 billion at December 31, 2019. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in other borrowings of $140.6 million, partially offset by an increase in increase in deposits of $77.3 million.

Deposits increased $77.3 million, or 2.3%, to $3.49 billion at March 31, 2020, as compared to $3.41 billion at December 31, 2019. The increase was attributable to increases of $50.9 million in certificates of deposit, $39.2 million in transaction accounts and $22.8 million in savings accounts, partially offset by decreases of $35.6 million in money market accounts.

Deposit account balances are summarized as follows (dollars in thousands):

    
 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Transaction:   
Non-interest bearing checking$394,836  $387,409 
Negotiable orders of withdrawal and interest-bearing checking605,652  573,927 
Total transaction1,000,488  961,336 
Savings and Money market:   
Savings769,991  747,186 
Money market615,602  651,159 
Total savings1,385,593  1,398,345 
Certificates of deposit:   
Brokered deposits226,140  259,024 
$250,000 and under711,690  654,565 
Over $250,000161,635  134,963 
Total certificates of deposit1,099,465  1,048,552 
Total deposits$3,485,546  $3,408,233 
        

Included in the table above are business and municipal deposit account balances as follows (dollars in thousands):

    
 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
    
Business customers$530,628  $508,901 
Municipal customers$393,805  $371,214 
        

Borrowings and securities sold under agreements to repurchase decreased to $716.4 million at March 31, 2020, from $857.0 million at December 31, 2019. Management utilizes borrowings to mitigate interest rate risk, for short-term liquidity, and to a lesser extent as part of leverage strategies.

The following is a table of term borrowing maturities (excluding capitalized leases and overnight borrowings) and the weighted average rate by year at March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

     
Year Amount Weighted Average Rate
2020 $175,000 0.74%
2021 170,000 1.98%
2022 120,000 2.29%
2023 87,500 2.89%
2024 50,000 2.47%
Thereafter 107,500 1.72%
  $710,000 1.83%
     

Total stockholders’ equity increased by $6.5 million to $702.3 million at March 31, 2020, from $695.9 million at December 31, 2019. The increase was primarily attributable to a $6.0 million increase in accumulated other comprehensive income associated with unrealized gains on our debt securities available-for-sale portfolio, net income of $4.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020, and a $1.1 million increase in equity award activity. The increase was partially offset by $5.2 million in dividend payments.

The Company continues to maintain a strong liquidity and capital position, despite the economic uncertainties presented by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Company's most liquid assets are cash and cash equivalents, corporate bonds, and unpledged mortgage-related securities issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, Fannie Mae, or Freddie Mac, that we can either borrow against or sell. We also have the ability to surrender bank-owned life insurance contracts. The surrender of these contracts would subject the Company to income taxes and penalties for increases in the cash surrender values over the original premium payments. We also have the ability to obtain additional funding from the FHLB and Federal Reserve Bank utilizing unencumbered and unpledged securities and multifamily loans. The Company expects to have sufficient funds available to meet current commitments in the normal course of business.

The Company had the following primary sources of liquidity at March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

    
Cash and cash equivalents(1)$94,339 
Corporate bonds$126,666 
Multifamily loans(2)$1,152,448 
Mortgage-backed securities (issued or guaranteed by the U.S. Government, Fannie Mae, or Freddie Mac)(2)$484,610 
    
(1) Excludes $20,080 of cash at Northfield Bank.   
(2) Represents remaining borrowing potential.   
    

The Company and the Bank have elected to opt into the Community Bank Leverage Ratio (“CBLR”) framework, effective for the first quarter of 2020. The CBLR will replace the risk-based and leverage capital requirements in the generally applicable capital rules. At March 31, 2020, the Company and the Bank's preliminary CBLR ratios were 13.2% and 12.2%, respectively, which exceeded the minimum requirement to be considered of capitalized of 8%. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic the Federal Regulators have lowered the CBLR ratio to 8% which will phase back to the original legislation of 9%.

Asset Quality

The following table details total originated and acquired (excluding PCI) non-accrual loans, non-performing loans, non-performing assets, troubled debt restructurings on which interest is accruing, and accruing loans 30 to 89 days delinquent at March 31, 2020,  and December 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands):

    
 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Non-accrual loans:   
Held-for-investment   
Real estate loans:   
Commercial$7,275  $7,922 
One-to-four family residential878  889 
Multifamily435  437 
Home equity and lines of credit183  185 
Total non-accrual loans8,771  9,433 
Loans delinquent 90 days or more and still accruing:   
Held-for-investment   
Real estate loans:   
Commercial186  253 
One-to-four family residential179  265 
Multifamily291   
Total loans delinquent 90 days or more and still accruing656  518 
Total non-performing assets$9,427  $9,951 
Non-performing loans to total loans0.27% 0.29%
Non-performing assets to total assets0.19% 0.20%
Loans subject to restructuring agreements and still accruing$14,009  $14,143 
Accruing loans 30 to 89 days delinquent$13,993  $8,206 
        

Included in non-accrual loans at March 31, 2020, are two commercial real estate loans with aggregate balances of approximately $4.1 million, which have collateral properties under contract for sale expected to close in the second quarter of 2020. No impairment reserves were required on these loans as of March 31, 2020 and the loans are expected to be repaid in full upon sale of the collateral properties.

Accruing Loans 30 to 89 Days Delinquent

Loans 30 to 89 days delinquent and on accrual status totaled $14.0 million and $8.2 million at March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively. The following table sets forth delinquencies for accruing loans by type and by amount at March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands):

    
 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
Held-for-investment   
Real estate loans:   
Commercial$8,150  $5,450 
One-to-four family residential4,127  1,590 
Multifamily972  547 
Home equity and lines of credit341  217 
Commercial and industrial loans403  229 
Other loans  26 
Total delinquent accruing loans held-for-investment$13,993  $8,206 
        

The increase in delinquent commercial real estate loans was primarily due to one loan with a balance of approximately $5.0 million which was 31 days past due at March 31, 2020. The loan is collateralized by a motel and a catering/banquet hall with a recent appraised value of $8.4 million. The borrower has recently requested temporary payment relief related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior to this the borrower had been making regular payments. The increase in delinquent one-to-four family residential loans was primarily due to two loans, one originated, with a balance of $1.8 million which was 31 days past due at March 31, 2020, and one acquired pool loan with a balance of $839,000 which was 30 days past due at March 31, 2020. Both loans are considered to be well secured.

PCI Loans (Held-for-Investment)

At March 31, 2020, 9.6% of PCI loans were past due 30 to 89 days, and 26.8% were past due 90 days or more, as compared to 20.9% and 24.3%, respectively, at December 31, 2019.

COVID-19 Exposure

Management continues to evaluate the Company's exposure to increased loan losses related to the COVID-19 pandemic, in particular the commercial real estate and multifamily loan portfolios. The Company has implemented a customer relief program to assist borrowers that may be experiencing financial hardship due to COVID-19 related challenges. The relief program grants principal and/or interest payment deferrals typically for a period of 90 days. Through April 23, 2020, the Company had inquiries or requests for payment deferral from 208 borrowers, representing $340.9 million, or approximately 10%, of the Company’s outstanding originated and acquired loan portfolio as of March 31, 2020, and we had executed or approved payment deferrals for 89 loans totaling $135.6 million. Loans in deferment status (“COVID-19 Modified Loans”) will continue to accrue interest during the deferment period unless otherwise classified as nonperforming. COVID-19 Modified Loans are required to make escrow payments for real estate taxes and insurance, if applicable. The COVID-19 Modified Loan agreements also require loans to be brought back to their fully contractual terms within 12-18 months and include covenants that prohibit distributions, bonuses, or payments of management fees to related entities until all deferred payments are made. Consistent with industry regulatory guidance, borrowers that were otherwise current on loan payments that were granted COVID-19 related financial hardship payment deferrals will continue to be reported as current loans throughout the agreed upon deferral period. Borrowers, which were delinquent in their payments to the Bank, prior to requesting a COVID-19 related financial hardship payment deferral are reviewed on a case by case basis for TDR classification and non-performing loan status. The Company anticipates that the number and amount of COVID-19 financial hardship payment deferral requests may continue to increase.

The following table sets forth the property types collateralizing our originated and acquired (excluding PCI) loans as of March 31, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

 Loan Portfolio by Property Type at March 31, 2020Loans Requesting/Inquiring About Relief through April 23, 2020(1)
 Number
of Loans
 Amount Average
Loan
Size
 Weighted
Average
LTV
Ratio
 % of
Total
Loans
 Number
of Loans
 Amount Average
Loan
Size
 Weighted Average
LTV
Ratio
 % of Portfolio
by Property
Type
Commercial Real Estate                   
Mixed use (majority of space is non-residential)207 $152,255  $736  48% 4.4% 34 $32,091  $944  46% 21.1%
Retail85 135,547  1,595  49% 3.9% 16 27,495  1,718  49% 20.3%
Office buildings108 103,770  961  51% 3.0% 8 6,049  756  37% 5.8%
Warehousing20 18,443  922  50% 0.5% 1 610  610  47% 3.3%
Accommodations14 78,169  5,584  43% 2.2% 8 41,037  5,130  42% 52.5%
Nursing Home5 28,012  5,602  59% 0.8%      % %
Medical Office Buildings20 26,381  1,319  66% 0.8%      % %
Industrial and Manufacturing  (Office and Plant)25 22,623  905  46% 0.6% 3 3,746  1,249  37% 16.6%
Restaurant20 12,774  639  58% 0.4% 11 6,505  591  45% 50.9%
Schools/Child Day care5 5,294  1,059  38% 0.2%      % %
Religious16 11,251  703  41% 0.3% 2 549  274  28% 4.9%
Automobile14 5,016  358  55% 0.1% 1 54  54  7% 1.1%
Bank Branch7 6,621  946  47% 0.2%      % %
Leisure3 2,886  962  61% 0.1%      % %
Car Wash6 2,609  435  51% 0.1% 1 579  579  22% 22.2%
Funeral Home3 2,934  978  66% 0.1%      % %
Other67 15,802  236  50% 0.4% 7 2,573  368  55% 16.3%
Multifamily(2)1,058 2,406,564  2,275  54% 68.9% 90 209,822  2,331  51% 8.7%
Total commercial real estate (including multifamily)1,683 3,036,951  1,804  53% 87.0% 182 331,110  1,819  44% 10.9%
One-to-four family residential744 254,338  342  53% 7.3% 7 4,255  608  54% 1.7%
Home equity and lines of credit1,806 100,002  55  55% 2.8%      % %
Construction and land37 41,341  1,117  44% 1.2% 1 576  576  44% 1.4%
Commercial and industrial loans427 58,414  137  NM 1.7% 18 5,003  278  NM 8.6%
Other32 1,205  38  NM %       % %
Total loans (excluding PCI)4,729 $3,492,251      100.0% 208 $340,944      9.8%
                    
(1) Balances as of March 31, 2020. Number of loans requesting relief through April 23, 2020.
(2) Property type is apartment units equal or greater than five units.
                    

As of April 28, 2020, loans current as of March 31, 2020, which had not made their April payment totaled $203.9 million, of which $82.1 million have requested temporary relief and are included in the table above.

About Northfield Bank

Northfield Bank, founded in 1887, operates 37 full-service banking offices in Staten Island and Brooklyn, New York, and Hunterdon, Middlesex, Mercer, and Union counties, New Jersey. For more information about Northfield Bank, please visit www.eNorthfield.com.

Forward-Looking Statements: This release may contain certain "forward looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, and may be identified by the use of such words as "may," "believe," "expect," "anticipate," "should," "plan," "estimate," "predict," "continue," and "potential" or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology.  Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, estimates with respect to the financial condition, results of operations and business of Northfield Bancorp, Inc.  Any or all of the forward-looking statements in this release and in any other public statements made by Northfield Bancorp, Inc. may turn out to be wrong.  They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions Northfield Bancorp, Inc. might make or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties as described in our SEC filings, including, but not limited to, those related to general economic conditions, particularly in the market areas in which the Company operates, the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, including the effects of the steps being taken to address the pandemic and their impact on the Company’s market and employees, competition among depository and other financial institutions, changes in laws or government regulations or policies affecting financial institutions, including changes in regulatory fees and capital requirements, inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins or reduce the fair value of financial instruments, our ability to successfully integrate acquired entities, if any, and adverse changes in the securities markets.  Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed.  Northfield Bancorp, Inc. does not intend to update any of the forward-looking statements after the date of this release, or conform these statements to actual events.

(Tables follow)

NORTHFIELD BANCORP, INC.
SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL AND OTHER DATA
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts) (unaudited)

 At or For the Three Months Ended
 March 31, December 31,
 2020 2019 2019
Selected Financial Ratios:     
Performance Ratios(1)     
Return on assets (ratio of net income to average total assets) (7) (8) (9)0.37% 0.79% 0.82%
Return on equity (ratio of net income to average equity) (7) (8) (9)2.60 5.29 5.79
Average equity to average total assets14.14 14.97 14.11
Interest rate spread2.31 2.33 2.16
Net interest margin2.57 2.63 2.45
Efficiency ratio(2) (7) (8)52.20 62.67 57.32
Non-interest expense to average total assets1.27 1.73 1.51
Non-interest expense to average total interest-earning assets1.35 1.85 1.61
Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities123.41 125.54 123.40
Asset Quality Ratios:     
Non-performing assets to total assets0.19 0.19 0.20
Non-performing loans(3) to total loans(4)0.27 0.26 0.29
Allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans held-for-investment390.37 324.85 288.48
Allowance for loan losses to originated loans held-for-investment, net(5) (9)1.16 0.97 0.93
Allowance for loan losses to total loans held-for-investment, net(6) (9)1.05 0.84 0.84


(1)Annualized when appropriate.
(2)The efficiency ratio represents non-interest expense divided by the sum of net interest income and non-interest income.
(3)Non-performing loans consist of non-accruing loans and loans 90 days or more past due and still accruing (excluding PCI loans), and are included in total loans held-for-investment, net.
(4)Includes originated loans held-for-investment, PCI loans, and acquired loans.
(5)Excludes PCI loans and acquired loans held-for-investment, and related reserve balances.
(6)Includes PCI and acquired loans held-for-investment.
(7)The three months ended December 31, 2019, included tax-exempt income of $1.0 million from bank owned life insurance proceeds in excess of the cash surrender value of the policies.
(8)The three months ended March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, included merger-related expenses of $179,000 and $125,000, respectively. The three months ended December 31, 2019, also included $755,000, after-tax, in occupancy expense related to the consolidation of three branches.
(9)The three months ended March 31, 2020, included an allowance for loan losses of $6.2 million ($4.6 million after-tax) related to additional factors considered for COVID-19.
  

NORTHFIELD BANCORP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts) (unaudited)

 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019
ASSETS:   
Cash and due from banks$20,080  $15,409 
Interest-bearing deposits in other financial institutions94,619  132,409 
Total cash and cash equivalents114,699  147,818 
Trading securities8,388  11,222 
Debt securities available-for-sale, at estimated fair value1,061,443  1,138,352 
Debt securities held-to-maturity, at amortized cost8,706  8,762 
Equity securities3,483  3,341 
Originated loans held-for-investment, net3,098,760  2,987,067 
Loans acquired393,491  432,653 
Purchased credit-impaired (PCI) loans held-for-investment16,886  17,365 
Loans held-for-investment, net3,509,137  3,437,085 
Allowance for loan losses(36,800) (28,707)
Net loans held-for-investment3,472,337  3,408,378 
Accrued interest receivable14,298  14,609 
Bank owned life insurance154,333  153,459 
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York stock, at cost29,855  39,575 
Operating lease right-of-use assets41,473  39,504 
Premises and equipment, net25,670  25,659 
Goodwill38,411  38,411 
Other assets23,685  26,212 
Total assets$4,996,781  $5,055,302 
    
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:   
LIABILITIES:   
Deposits$3,485,546  $3,408,233 
Securities sold under agreements to repurchase75,000  75,000 
Federal Home Loan Bank advances and other borrowings641,357  782,004 
Lease liabilities45,932  44,069 
Advance payments by borrowers for taxes and insurance22,444  20,045 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities24,186  30,098 
Total liabilities4,294,465  4,359,449 
Total stockholders’ equity702,316  695,853 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$4,996,781  $5,055,302 
    
Total shares outstanding49,291,928  49,175,347 
Tangible book value per share (1)$13.45  $13.35 


(1)Tangible book value per share is calculated based on total stockholders' equity, excluding intangible assets (goodwill and core deposit intangibles), divided by total shares outstanding as of the balance sheet date. Core deposit intangibles were $714,000 and $769,000 at March 31, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively, and are included in other assets.
  

NORTHFIELD BANCORP, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share amounts) (unaudited)

 Three Months Ended
 March 31, December 31,
 2020 2019 2019
Interest income:     
Loans$35,337  $32,590  $34,950 
Mortgage-backed securities5,622  4,074  5,628 
Other securities1,024  1,865  1,256 
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York dividends577  402  480 
Deposits in other financial institutions172  535  323 
Total interest income42,732  39,466  42,637 
Interest expense:     
Deposits9,279  10,247  10,016 
Borrowings3,520  1,889  4,145 
Total interest expense12,799  12,136  14,161 
Net interest income29,933  27,330  28,476 
Provision for loan losses8,183  59  772 
Net interest income after provision for loan losses21,750  27,271  27,704 
Non-interest income:     
Fees and service charges for customer services1,120  1,140  1,248 
Income on bank owned life insurance876  896  1,952 
(Losses) gains on available-for-sale debt securities, net(13) 155  177 
(Losses) gains on trading securities, net(1,992) 1,086  531 
Other117  37  287 
Total non-interest income108  3,314  4,195 
Non-interest expense:     
Compensation and employee benefits7,289  11,020  9,681 
Occupancy3,060  3,282  4,190 
Furniture and equipment333  259  281 
Data processing1,460  1,263  1,462 
Professional fees1,109  747  1,049 
Advertising818  764  601 
FDIC insurance  277  26 
Other1,613  1,592  1,436 
Total non-interest expense15,682  19,204  18,726 
Income before income tax expense6,176  11,381  13,173 
Income tax expense1,625  2,610  3,052 
Net income$4,551  $8,771  $10,121 
Net income per common share:     
Basic$0.10  $0.19  $0.22 
Diluted$0.10  $0.19  $0.21 
Basic average shares outstanding46,791,768  46,940,903  46,709,366 
Diluted average shares outstanding46,983,466  47,288,160  47,119,309 
         

NORTHFIELD BANCORP, INC.
ANALYSIS OF NET INTEREST INCOME
(Dollars in thousands) (unaudited)

 For the Three Months Ended
 March 31, 2020 December 31, 2019 March 31, 2019
 Average
Outstanding
Balance
 Interest Average
Yield/
Rate (1)
 Average
Outstanding
Balance
 Interest Average
Yield/
Rate (1)
 Average
Outstanding
Balance
 Interest Average
Yield/
Rate (1)
Interest-earning assets:                 
Loans (2)$3,471,367  $35,337  4.09% $3,380,580  $34,950  4.10% $3,218,277  $32,590  4.11%
Mortgage-backed securities (3)955,024  5,622  2.37  932,649  5,628  2.39  627,377  4,074  2.63 
Other securities (3)156,074  1,024  2.64  182,912  1,256  2.72  246,802  1,865  3.06 
Federal Home Loan Bank of New York stock31,263  577  7.42  36,045  480  5.28  21,729  402  7.50 
Interest-earning deposits in financial institutions70,225  172  0.99  79,241  323  1.62  92,538  535  2.34 
Total interest-earning assets4,683,953  42,732  3.67  4,611,427  42,637  3.67  4,206,723  39,466  3.80 
Non-interest-earning assets289,925      303,297      286,313     
Total assets$4,973,878      $4,914,724      $4,493,036     
                  
Interest-bearing liabilities:                 
Savings, NOW, and money market accounts$2,002,066  $4,073  0.82% $1,967,609  $5,021  1.01% $1,857,654  $4,794  1.05%
Certificates of deposit1,114,043  5,206  1.88  990,855  4,995  2.00  1,101,865  5,453  2.01 
Total interest-bearing deposits3,116,109  9,279  1.20  2,958,464  10,016  1.34  2,959,519  10,247  1.40 
Borrowed funds679,476  3,520  2.08  778,386  4,145  2.11  391,365  1,889  1.96 
Total interest-bearing liabilities3,795,585  12,799  1.36  3,736,850  14,161  1.50  3,350,884  12,136  1.47 
Non-interest bearing deposits382,044      390,834      379,642     
Accrued expenses and other liabilities93,129      93,497      90,012     
Total liabilities4,270,758      4,221,181      3,820,538     
Stockholders' equity703,120      693,543      672,498     
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity$4,973,878      $4,914,724      $4,493,036     
                  
Net interest income  $29,933      $28,476      $27,330   
Net interest rate spread (4)    2.31%     2.16%     2.33%
Net interest-earning assets (5)$888,368      $874,577      $855,839     
Net interest margin (6)    2.57%     2.45%     2.63%
Average interest-earning assets to interest-bearing liabilities    123.41%     123.40%     125.54%


(1)Average yields and rates are annualized.
(2)Includes non-accruing loans.
(3)Securities available-for-sale and other securities are reported at amortized cost.
(4)Net interest rate spread represents the difference between the weighted average yield on interest-earning assets and the weighted average cost of interest-bearing liabilities.
(5)Net interest-earning assets represent total interest-earning assets less total interest-bearing liabilities.
(6)Net interest margin represents net interest income divided by average total interest-earning assets.
  

Company Contact:
William R. Jacobs
Chief Financial Officer
Tel: (732) 499-7200 ext. 2519

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