QUAD-2011.6.30-10Q
Table of Contents

 
 
 
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 FORM 10-Q
T
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011
 or
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                    to
Commission File Number 001-34806
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
Wisconsin
 
39-1152983
(State or other jurisdiction of
 
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
 
Identification No.)
N63 W23075 Highway 74, Sussex, Wisconsin 53089-2827
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
(414) 566 – 6000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x  No ¨
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer o
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer x
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).  Yes ¨  No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock as of the latest practicable date.
Class
 
Outstanding as of August 11, 2011
 
 
 
Class A Common Stock
 
32,846,125
 
 
 
Class B Common Stock
 
14,198,464
 
 
 
Class C Common Stock
 
245,353
 
 
 
 
 

Table of Contents

QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
 
FORM 10-Q INDEX
 
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2011
 
 
 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2

Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in millions, except per share data)
(UNAUDITED) 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Net sales
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Products
$
952.4

 
$
345.5

 
$
1,933.2

 
$
696.8

Services
118.1

 
48.8

 
239.6

 
101.1

Total net sales
1,070.5

 
394.3

 
2,172.8

 
797.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of sales
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Products
737.5

 
255.4

 
1,501.0

 
515.7

Services
94.5

 
33.8

 
184.4

 
69.9

Total cost of sales
832.0

 
289.2

 
1,685.4

 
585.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
112.0

 
49.3

 
221.0

 
96.9

Depreciation and amortization
87.7

 
48.2

 
178.2

 
97.5

Restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges
23.4

 
31.3

 
58.2

 
37.6

Total operating expenses
1,055.1

 
418.0

 
2,142.8

 
817.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income (loss)
15.4

 
(23.7
)
 
30.0

 
(19.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
29.5

 
15.0

 
59.4

 
30.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before income taxes and equity in earnings of unconsolidated entities
(14.1
)
 
(38.7
)
 
(29.4
)
 
(50.0
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
(3.6
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(10.8
)
 
(1.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss before equity in earnings of unconsolidated entities
(10.5
)
 
(37.2
)
 
(18.6
)
 
(48.4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated entities
0.3

 
1.6

 
1.1

 
4.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(10.2
)
 
$
(35.6
)
 
$
(17.5
)
 
$
(44.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders
$
(10.3
)
 
$
(35.7
)
 
$
(17.6
)
 
$
(44.2
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Loss per share attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Basic and Diluted
$
(0.22
)
 
$
(1.27
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(1.57
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Basic and Diluted
47.3

 
28.1

 
47.3

 
28.1

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in millions)
(UNAUDITED) 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
ASSETS
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
16.6

 
$
20.5

Receivables, less allowances for doubtful accounts of $78.5 at June 30, 2011 and $85.5 at December 31, 2010
649.0

 
786.4

Inventories
279.7

 
247.4

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
114.2

 
64.3

Deferred income taxes
90.6

 
76.8

Short-term restricted cash
3.1

 
16.0

 
 
 
 
Total current assets
1,153.2

 
1,211.4

 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment—net
2,286.7

 
2,317.8

Goodwill
803.7

 
814.7

Other intangible assets—net
335.8

 
368.3

Long-term restricted cash
80.1

 
84.5

Equity method investments in unconsolidated entities
85.5

 
82.5

Other long-term assets
58.4

 
67.8

 
 
 
 
Total assets
$
4,803.4

 
$
4,947.0

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
 

 
 

Accounts payable
$
292.8

 
$
332.4

Amounts owing in satisfaction of bankruptcy claims
23.3

 
26.1

Accrued liabilities
362.8

 
427.1

Short-term debt and current portion of long-term debt
88.1

 
102.6

Current portion of capital lease obligations
23.5

 
14.5

 
 
 
 
Total current liabilities
790.5

 
902.7

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
1,424.9

 
1,418.4

Unsecured notes to be issued
44.5

 
52.5

Capital lease obligations
25.4

 
43.2

Deferred income taxes
464.3

 
433.8

Other long-term liabilities
561.2

 
603.8

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities
3,310.8

 
3,454.4

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)


 


 
 
 
 
Redeemable equity (Note 19)
10.0

 
10.6

 
 
 
 
Quad/Graphics common stock and other equity (Note 19)
 

 
 

Preferred stock

 

Common stock, Class A
1.0

 
1.0

Common stock, Class B
0.4

 
0.4

Common stock, Class C

 

Additional paid-in capital
999.2

 
1,002.0

Treasury stock, at cost
(287.7
)
 
(295.7
)
Retained earnings
689.7

 
720.9

Accumulated other comprehensive income
79.5

 
52.7

 
 
 
 
Quad/Graphics common stock and other equity
1,482.1

 
1,481.3

 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests
0.5

 
0.7

 
 
 
 
Total common stock and other equity and noncontrolling interests
1,482.6

 
1,482.0

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
4,803.4

 
$
4,947.0

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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Table of Contents

QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(in millions)
(UNAUDITED) 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Net loss
$
(17.5
)
 
$
(44.1
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 

Depreciation and amortization
178.2

 
97.5

Impairment charges

 
24.4

Amortization of debt issuance costs
5.6

 

Stock-based compensation charges
4.6

 
2.5

(Gain) loss on sales or disposal of property, plant and equipment
(0.2
)
 
0.6

Deferred income taxes
9.4

 
(1.9
)
Equity in earnings of unconsolidated entities
(1.1
)
 
(4.3
)
Dividends from unconsolidated entities
1.6

 
0.1

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
(63.9
)
 
(0.5
)
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
116.7

 
74.3

 
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(98.5
)
 
(42.5
)
Proceeds from the sale of property, plant and equipment
8.2

 
0.5

Equity investment in unconsolidated entities

 
(10.0
)
Transfers from restricted cash
17.3

 

 
 
 
 
Net cash used in investing activities
(73.0
)
 
(52.0
)
 
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 

 
 

Payments of long-term debt
(43.6
)
 
(19.7
)
Payments of capital lease obligations
(8.8
)
 
(7.1
)
Borrowings on revolving credit facilities
389.5

 
217.4

Payments on revolving credit facilities
(360.9
)
 
(175.5
)
Payment of capitalized debt issuance costs

 
(13.7
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
1.6

 
0.2

Tax benefit on exercise of stock options
0.8

 

Bankruptcy claim payments on unsecured notes to be issued
(8.0
)
 

Payment of cash dividends
(9.4
)
 
(14.0
)
Payment of tax distributions
(4.2
)
 
(9.1
)
 
 
 
 
Net cash used in financing activities
(43.0
)
 
(21.5
)
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
(4.6
)
 
(0.9
)
 
 
 
 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(3.9
)
 
(0.1
)
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
20.5

 
8.9

 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
16.6

 
$
8.8

 
See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)


Note 1. Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for Quad/Graphics, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the "Company" or "Quad/Graphics") have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations for interim financial information of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").  Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") have been omitted pursuant to such SEC rules and regulations.  These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated annual financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010 and notes thereto included in the Company's latest Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 24, 2011.
 
The Company's business is seasonal, with the majority of historical net sales and operating income recognized in the second half of the fiscal year.  Seasonality is driven by increased magazine advertising page counts and retail inserts and catalogs primarily due to back-to-school and holiday related advertising and promotions.  Within any year, seasonality could adversely affect the Company's cash flow and results of operations on a quarterly basis.  Further, the comparability of the Company's results of operations between the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was materially impacted by the acquisition of World Color Press Inc. ("World Color Press") on July 2, 2010.  The results of operations for World Color Press are included in the Company's consolidated results prospectively from July 2, 2010.
 
The financial information contained herein reflects all adjustments, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company's results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.  All significant intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.  These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include estimates and assumptions of management that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements.  Actual results could differ from these estimates.
 
Note 2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
In June 2011, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued new guidance on the presentation of comprehensive income. This new guidance requires the components of net income and other comprehensive income to be either presented in one continuous statement, referred to as the statement of comprehensive income, or in two separate, but consecutive statements. This new guidance eliminates the current option to report other comprehensive income and its components in the statement of shareholders' equity. While the new guidance changes the presentation of comprehensive income, there are no changes to the components that are recognized in net income or other comprehensive income under current accounting guidance. This new guidance is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2012. As this guidance only amends the presentation of the components of comprehensive income, the adoption will not have an impact on our consolidated financial positions, results of operations or cash flows.

Note 3. Acquisitions
 
On July 2, 2010, the Company completed the acquisition of World Color Press, a provider of comprehensive print, digital and related services to retailers, catalogers, publishers, branded-goods companies and other businesses in North America and Latin American countries.  The World Color Press acquisition was completed for $93.3 million in cash and $908.6 million in Company class A common stock.  The Company also borrowed $950.0 million of debt to fund a portion of the transaction and to refinance the World Color Press debt, including a $250.0 million advance from a revolving credit facility and $700.0 million from a term loan.  The historical World Color Press United States and Canadian operations are included within the North American Print and Related Services segment, and the historical World Color Press Latin American operations are included within the International segment.  In connection with the closing of the acquisition, the Company registered its class A common stock with the SEC under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and on July 6, 2010, Quad/Graphics' class A common stock commenced trading on The New York Stock Exchange, LLC ("NYSE") under the symbol "QUAD".


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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

The following unaudited pro forma combined financial information presents the Company's results as though Quad/Graphics and World Color Press had combined at January 1, 2010.  The pro forma information has been prepared with the following considerations:
 
(1)
The unaudited pro forma condensed consolidated financial information has been prepared using the acquisition method of accounting under existing GAAP.  Quad/Graphics is the acquirer for accounting purposes.
 
(2)
World Color Press historical amounts have been converted from Canadian generally accepted accounting principles to GAAP.

(3)
The pro forma combined financial information does not reflect any operating synergy savings that the combined company may achieve as a result of the acquisition, the costs necessary to achieve these operating synergy savings or additional charges necessary as a result of the integration, or the tax effects for the Company's transition to a C corporation.
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
(actual)
 
2010
(pro forma)
 
2011
(actual)
 
2010
(pro forma)
Pro forma net sales
$
1,070.5

 
$
1,075.3

 
$
2,172.8

 
$
2,170.9

Pro forma net loss attributable to common shareholders
(10.3
)
 
(5.3
)
 
(17.6
)
 
(23.1
)
Pro forma diluted loss per share attributable to common shareholders
(0.22
)
 
(0.11
)
 
(0.37
)
 
(0.49
)
     
Note 4. Restructuring, Impairment and Transaction-Related Charges
 
The Company recorded restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Employee terminations
$
5.1

 
$
1.2

 
$
20.2

 
$
1.2

Impairment charges

 
24.4

 

 
24.4

Transaction-related charges
1.0

 
2.7

 
1.0

 
8.9

Integration costs
8.9

 
2.2

 
16.1

 
2.2

Other restructuring charges
8.4

 
0.8

 
20.9

 
0.9

Total
$
23.4

 
$
31.3

 
$
58.2

 
$
37.6

 
The restructuring charges recorded are based on restructuring plans that have been committed to by management and are, in part, based upon management's best estimates of future events.  Changes to the estimates may require future restructuring charges and adjustments to the restructuring liabilities.  The costs related to restructuring activities have been recorded on the condensed consolidated statements of operations as restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges.  For restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges by segment, see Note 21.
 
2011 Restructuring Events
 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company recorded: (1) $5.1 million and $20.2 million, respectively, of employee termination costs related to headcount reductions of 523 and 904, respectively, for plant closures and other workforce reductions announced through the second quarter of 2011, as well from workforce reductions that commenced in 2010, (2) $1.0 million of transaction costs incurred primarily in connection with the transaction with Transcontinental Inc. ("Transcontinental") (see Note 22), (3) $8.9 million and $16.1 million, respectively, of World Color Press integration costs and (4) $8.4 million and $20.9 million, respectively, of various other restructuring charges including costs to maintain and exit

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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

closed facilities, as well as lease exit charges. The $16.1 million of integration costs recognized during the six months ended June 30, 2011 included a $7.1 million gain on the collection of a previously written off note receivable for the June 2008 sale of World Color Press' European operations.
 
On January 17, 2011, the Company announced the closure of the St. Laurent plant located in Quebec, Canada resulting in 107 headcount reductions.  As part of this initiative, the Company recognized $0 and $1.3 million of employee termination costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The Company has also recognized $0.5 million and $0.7 million of other restructuring charges related to equipment removal costs and facility carrying costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. 
 
On March 15, 2011, the Company announced the closure of the Mt. Morris, Illinois plant resulting in 490 headcount reductions (441 of which were previously included in a workforce reduction initiative during November 2010 and 49 of which were attributable to the March 2011 plant closure).  As part of this initiative, the Company recognized $0.4 million and $2.8 million of employee termination costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. The Company has also recognized $0.5 million and $0.9 million of other restructuring charges related to equipment removal costs and facility carrying costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  The Company expects to incur additional restructuring charges for the Mt. Morris plant closure in the future.
 
On April 18, 2011, the Company announced the closure of the Buffalo, New York plant resulting in 414 headcount reductions. As part of this initiative, the Company recognized $0.8 million of employee termination costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The Company has also recognized $0.2 million of other restructuring charges related to equipment removal costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011. The Company expects to incur additional restructuring charges for the Buffalo plant closure in the future.

In addition to these plant closures, the Company continued to execute various workforce reduction and other restructuring initiatives related to the integration of the operations of World Color Press as well as certain corporate and administrative functions, resulting in 109 and 334 additional headcount reductions during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  Severance costs also continue to be incurred related to previously announced plant closures and workforce reductions.  Due to these initiatives, the Company has recognized the following charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011: (1) $3.9 million and $15.3 million of employee termination costs, respectively, (2) $2.2 million and $6.1 million of facility carrying costs, respectively, (3) $2.1 million and $6.0 million of estimated lease exit charges, respectively, and (4) $2.9 million and $7.0 million of other restructuring charges.  The Company expects to incur additional restructuring charges related to these and other initiatives in the future.
 
2010 Restructuring Events
 
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the Company recorded: (1) $1.2 million of employee termination costs related to 707 headcount reductions for the closure of the Pila, Poland plant, (2) $24.4 million of impairment charges on assets related to the closure of the Pila, Poland plant, (3) $2.7 million and $8.9 million, respectively, of transaction costs incurred primarily in connection with the World Color Press acquisition, (4) $2.2 million of integration costs incurred related to the acquisition of World Color Press and (5) $0.8 million and $0.9 million, respectively, of lease exit charges. 
 

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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

Restructuring Reserve
 
Activity impacting the Company's restructuring reserve for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was as follows:
 
 
Employee
Terminations
 
Impairment
Charges
 
Transaction-Related
Charges
 
Integration
Costs
 
Other
Restructuring
Charges
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
24.7

 
$

 
$

 
$
1.1

 
$
42.6

 
$
68.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reserve provisions
20.2

 

 
1.0

 
16.1

 
20.9

 
58.2

Cash payments
(37.7
)
 

 

 
(13.9
)
 
(26.3
)
 
(77.9
)
Non-cash adjustments

 

 

 
(1.6
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(2.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2011
$
7.2

 
$

 
$
1.0

 
$
1.7

 
$
36.7

 
$
46.6

 
The restructuring reserves are classified as current accrued liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets, as the Company expects the restructuring reserves to be paid within the next twelve months.
 
Note 5. Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
 
Goodwill is tested annually for impairment as of October 31 or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is below its carrying value.  Goodwill at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 did not include any accumulated impairment losses.  No goodwill impairment was recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2011 or 2010.
 
Goodwill at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 was as follows:
 
 
North America
Print and Related
Services
 
International
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
796.5

 
$
18.2

 
$
814.7

World Color Press acquisition
(12.6
)
 

 
(12.6
)
Translation adjustment
1.2

 
0.4

 
1.6

Balance at June 30, 2011
$
785.1

 
$
18.6

 
$
803.7


The Company completed the World Color Press purchase price allocation during the second quarter of 2011 resulting in a $12.6 million reduction in the North America Print and Related Services segment goodwill.


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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

The components of other intangible assets at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2011
 
December 31, 2010
 
Weighted
Average
Amortization
Period (Years)
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
and Foreign
Exchange
 
Impairment
 
Net Book
Value
 
Weighted
Average
Amortization
Period (Years)
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
and Foreign
Exchange
 
Impairment
 
Net Book
Value
Finite-lived intangible assets:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Trademarks, patents, licenses and agreements
5
 
$
10.0

 
$
(9.3
)
 
$

 
$
0.7

 
5
 
$
10.0

 
$
(9.0
)
 
$

 
$
1.0

Customer relationships
6
 
393.8

 
(63.6
)
 

 
330.2

 
6
 
393.7

 
(32.3
)
 

 
361.4

Capitalized software
5
 
4.1

 
(1.4
)
 

 
2.7

 
5
 
4.1

 
(1.0
)
 

 
3.1

Acquired technology
5
 
5.3

 
(3.3
)
 

 
2.0

 
5
 
5.3

 
(2.7
)
 

 
2.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total finite-lived intangible assets
 
413.2

 
(77.6
)
 

 
335.6

 
 
 
413.1

 
(45.0
)
 

 
368.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other indefinite-lived intangible assets
 
 
0.2

 

 

 
0.2

 
 
 
1.2

 

 
(1.0
)
 
0.2

Total
 
 
$
413.4

 
$
(77.6
)
 
$

 
$
335.8

 
 
 
$
414.3

 
$
(45.0
)
 
$
(1.0
)
 
$
368.3

 
Amortization expense for other intangible assets was $17.1 million and $33.8 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, as compared to $0.6 million and $1.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively. The following table outlines the estimated amortization expense related to intangible assets as of June 30, 2011:
 
Remainder of 2011
$
34.3

2012
68.0

2013
67.2

2014
66.8

2015
66.0

2016
33.3

Total
$
335.6


Note 6. Inventories
 
The components of the Company's inventories at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Raw materials and manufacturing supplies
$
155.8

 
$
164.4

Work in process
77.3

 
52.7

Finished goods
46.6

 
30.3

Total
$
279.7

 
$
247.4


10

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)


Note 7. Property, Plant and Equipment
 
The components of the Company's property, plant and equipment at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Land
$
135.7

 
$
136.4

Buildings
914.9

 
919.1

Machinery and equipment
3,431.2

 
3,344.0

Other
195.0

 
182.4

Construction in progress
60.1

 
45.2

 
4,736.9

 
4,627.1

Less: Accumulated depreciation
(2,450.2
)
 
(2,309.3
)
Total
$
2,286.7

 
$
2,317.8

 
Other consists of computer equipment, vehicles, furniture and fixtures, leasehold improvements and communication related equipment.
 
The Company recognized depreciation expense of $70.6 million and $144.4 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively. Depreciation expense of $47.6 million and $96.3 million was recorded for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
 
Assets Held for Sale
 
Certain closed World Color Press facilities are considered held for sale. The net book value of the assets held for sale was $20.0 million as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.  Assets held for sale are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. 

Note 8. Restricted Cash
 
The components of the Company's restricted cash at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 were as follows:
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Defeasance of unsecured notes to be issued (see Note 11)
$
81.2

 
$
89.2

Other
2.0

 
11.3

Total restricted cash
$
83.2

 
$
100.5

Less: short-term restricted cash
(3.1
)
 
(16.0
)
Long-term restricted cash
$
80.1

 
$
84.5

 
Note 9. Equity Method Investments in Unconsolidated Entities
 
The Company has a 49% ownership interest in Plural Editora e Gráfica ("Plural"), a commercial printer based in São Paulo, Brazil, and a 50% ownership interest in World Color Chile S.A. ("Chile"), a commercial printer based in Santiago, Chile.  The Company's ownership interest in Plural is accounted for using the equity method of accounting for all periods presented.  The Company's ownership interest in Chile is accounted for using the equity method of accounting since July 2, 2010, when the Company acquired its ownership interest in Chile as part of the World Color Press acquisition.
 

11

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

The Company's percentage of Plural's and Chile's net results of operations is recorded in the line item entitled equity in earnings of unconsolidated entities in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of operations, and is included within the International segment.
 
The combined condensed statements of operations for Plural for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, and for Chile for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 are presented below:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Net sales
$
49.1

 
$
23.2

 
$
103.1

 
$
46.2

Operating income
1.6

 
4.0

 
3.8

 
11.1

Net earnings
0.6

 
2.5

 
2.0

 
8.0

 
Note 10. Commitments and Contingencies
 
Commitments
 
The Company had firm commitments of $38.7 million to purchase press and finishing equipment at June 30, 2011.
 
Litigation
 
In the normal course of business, the Company is named as a defendant in various lawsuits in which claims are asserted against the Company.  In the opinion of management, the liabilities, if any, which ultimately result from such lawsuits are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company.
 
Environmental Reserves
 
The Company is subject to various laws, regulations and government policies relating to health and safety, to the generation, storage, transportation, and disposal of hazardous substances, and to environment protection in general.  The Company provides for expenses associated with environmental remediation obligations when such amounts are probable and can be reasonably estimated.  Such reserves are adjusted as new information develops or circumstances change. The environmental reserves are not discounted.  The Company believes it is in compliance with such laws, regulations and government policies in all material respects.  Furthermore, the Company does not anticipate that maintaining compliance with such environmental statutes will have a material adverse effect upon the Company's competitive or consolidated financial position.
 
Note 11. World Color Press Insolvency Proceedings
 
The Company continues to manage the bankruptcy claim settlement process for the Quebecor World Inc. ("QWI") bankruptcy proceedings in the United States and Canada (QWI changed its name to "World Color Press Inc." upon emerging from bankruptcy on July 21, 2009).  To the extent claims are allowed, the holders of such claims are entitled to receive recovery, with the nature of such recovery dependent upon the type and classification of such claims.  In this regard, with respect to certain types of claims, the holders thereof are entitled to receive cash and/or unsecured notes, while the holders of certain other types of claims are entitled to receive a combination of Quad/Graphics common stock and cash, in accordance with the terms of the World Color Press acquisition agreement.
 
With respect to claims asserted by the holders thereof as being entitled to a priority cash recovery, the Company has estimated that approximately $23.3 million and $26.1 million of such recorded claims have yet to be paid as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively, and this obligation is classified as amounts owing in satisfaction of bankruptcy claims in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
 
With respect to unsecured claims held by creditors of the operating subsidiary debtors of Quebecor World (USA) Inc. (the "Class 3 Claims"), each allowed Class 3 Claim will be entitled to receive an unsecured note in an amount not to exceed 50% of such creditor's allowed Class 3 Claim, provided, however, that the aggregate principal amount of all such unsecured

12

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

notes cannot exceed $75.0 million. In the event that the total of all allowed Class 3 Claims exceeds $150.0 million, each creditor holding an allowed Class 3 Claim will receive its pro rata share of $75.0 million of the unsecured notes issued, together with accrued interest and a 5% prepayment redemption premium thereon (the total of which is $89.2 million).  In connection with the World Color Press acquisition, the Company was required to deposit the maximum potential payout to the Class 3 claim creditors of $89.2 million with a trustee, and that amount will remain with the trustee until either (1) it is paid to a creditor for an allowed Class 3 claim or (2) upon all Class 3 claims being resolved any excess amount will revert to the Company.  In the six months ended June 30, 2011, $8.0 million was paid to Class 3 claim creditors, therefore $81.2 million remains at June 30, 2011 and is classified as restricted cash in the condensed consolidated balance sheet (see Note 8).  Based on the Company's analysis of the outstanding claims, the Company has recorded a liability, classified as unsecured notes to be issued in the condensed consolidated balance sheet, of $44.5 million at June 30, 2011.
 
 
Restricted Cash
 
Unsecured Notes
to be Issued
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
89.2

 
$
52.5

Class 3 Claim Payments
(8.0
)
 
(8.0
)
Balance at June 30, 2011
$
81.2

 
$
44.5

 
While the liabilities recorded for any bankruptcy matters are based on management's current assessment of the amount likely to be paid, it is not possible to identify the final amount of priority cash claims or the amount of Class 3 Claims that will ultimately be allowed by the U.S. Bankruptcy Court.  Therefore, amounts owing in satisfaction of bankruptcy claims on the condensed consolidated balance sheet could be materially higher than the amounts estimated, which would require additional cash payments to be made for the amount exceeding the Company's estimate.  Amounts payable related to the unsecured notes could reach the maximum aggregate principal amount of $75.0 million, which would not require an additional cash payment as the maximum potential exposure has already been funded in trust, but would require additional liability and expense to be recorded as the Company's June 30, 2011 estimate of total Class 3 Claim payments is $44.5 million.  In light of the substantial number and amount of claims filed, the claims resolution process will take considerable time to complete.

Note 12. Debt
 
Long-term debt consisted of the following as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010:
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Master note and security agreement
$
645.1

 
$
672.0

Term loan—$700.0 million
684.0

 
686.5

Revolving credit facility—$530.0 million
85.7

 
57.0

International term loan
76.0

 
72.1

International revolving credit facility
16.4

 
14.9

Domestic term loan

 
11.3

Domestic revolving credit agreement

 
1.0

Other
5.8

 
6.2

Total debt
$
1,513.0

 
$
1,521.0

Less: short-term and current portion of long-term debt
(88.1
)
 
(102.6
)
Long-term debt
$
1,424.9

 
$
1,418.4

 
Based upon the interest rates available to the Company for borrowings with similar terms and maturities, the fair value of the Company's total debt was approximately $1.5 billion at June 30, 2011.
 

13

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

As of June 30, 2011, the Company's various lending arrangements included certain financial covenants (all financial terms, numbers and ratios are as defined in the Company's debt agreements).  Among these covenants, the Company was required to maintain the following (for each covenant, the most restrictive measurement has been included below):
 
On a rolling twelve-month basis, the total leverage ratio, defined as total consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA, shall not exceed 3.75 to 1.00 (for the twelve months ended June 30, 2011, the Company's leverage ratio was 2.39 to 1.00). 
 
 On a rolling twelve-month basis, the minimum interest coverage ratio, defined as consolidated EBITDA to consolidated cash interest expense, shall not be less than 3.00 to 1.00 (for the twelve months ended June 30, 2011, the Company's interest coverage ratio was 6.05 to 1.00). 
 
On a rolling twelve-month basis, the fixed charge coverage ratio, defined as consolidated EBITDA and rent expense to interest and rent expense, shall not be less than 1.50 to 1.00 (for the twelve months ended June 30, 2011, the Company's fixed charge coverage ratio was 3.01 to 1.00).

Consolidated net worth of at least $745.8 million plus 40% of positive consolidated net income cumulatively for each year (as of June 30, 2011, the Company's consolidated net worth under the most restrictive covenant per the various lending arrangements was $1.41 billion).
 
The covenants also included certain limitations on acquisitions, indebtedness, liens, dividends and repurchases of capital stock.  As of and for the rolling twelve-month period ended June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.
 
Note 13.  Income Taxes
 
The Company records income tax expense on an interim basis.  The estimated annual effective income tax rate is adjusted quarterly and items discrete to a specific quarter are reflected in tax expense for that interim period.  The estimated annual effective income tax rate reflects the change in a valuation allowance due to expected current year earnings or loss.  A valuation allowance is established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount more likely than not to be realized.  There was no material change in unrecognized tax benefits in the six month period ending June 30, 2011, and the Company does not anticipate a material change in total unrecognized tax benefits within the next 12 months.
 
Note 14. Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
 
Certain assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value on a recurring basis, while other assets and liabilities are recorded at fair value on a nonrecurring basis, generally as a result of acquisitions or impairment charges.  Fair value is determined based on the exchange price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants.  The Company records the fair value of its forward contracts, pension plans and other postretirement plans on a recurring basis.  Assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis include property, plant and equipment, assets held for sale, goodwill and other intangible assets.  The fair value of cash and cash equivalents, receivables, restricted cash, accounts payable, accrued liabilities and amounts owing in satisfaction of bankruptcy claims approximate their carrying values as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.  See Note 12 for further discussion on the fair value of the Company's debt.
 
The Company has operations in countries that have transactions outside their functional currencies and periodically enters into foreign exchange contracts.  These contracts are used to hedge the net exposures of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and are designated as either cash flow hedges or fair value hedges.  Gains or losses on net foreign currency hedges are intended to offset losses or gains on the underlying net exposures in an effort to reduce the earnings volatility resulting from fluctuating foreign currency exchange rates.
 
The Company also periodically enters into foreign exchange contracts against firm equipment purchase contracts denominated in foreign currencies and natural gas forward purchase contracts to hedge against increases in these costs.  Estimated market values were determined based upon quoted market prices.
 

14

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

There were no open foreign currency exchange contracts at June 30, 2011 or December 31, 2010.  During the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company's commodity contracts qualified for the exception related to normal purchases and sales as the Company takes delivery in the normal course of business.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, hedge ineffectiveness was not material.

Note 15. Other Long-Term Liabilities
 
Other long-term liabilities consisted of the following as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010:
 
 
June 30,
2011
 
December 31,
2010
Single employer pension and postretirement obligations
$
294.6

 
$
330.7

Multiemployer pension plans—withdrawal liability
100.1

 
100.1

Tax-related liabilities
34.8

 
34.8

Employee-related liabilities
49.5

 
53.2

Other
82.2

 
85.0

Total
$
561.2

 
$
603.8

 
Note 16.  Pension and Other Postretirement Benefits
 
The Company assumed multiple defined benefit pension and postretirement benefit plans as part of the World Color Press acquisition.  Prior to the acquisition, the Company did not have defined benefit plans and the resulting pension and postretirement obligations.  The components of the estimated pension expense and postretirement benefits income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30, 2011
 
June 30, 2011
Pension expense
 

 
 

Service cost
$
1.4

 
$
2.8

Interest cost
12.2

 
24.4

Expected return on assets
(11.5
)
 
(22.9
)
Net pension expense
$
2.1

 
$
4.3

Postretirement benefits income
 
 
 
Service cost
$
0.2

 
$
0.4

Interest cost
0.5

 
1.0

Amortization of deferred gains, net
(0.8
)
 
(1.6
)
Net postretirement benefits income
$
(0.1
)
 
$
(0.2
)
 
Note 17. Loss Per Share Attributable to Quad/Graphics Common Shareholders
 
Basic loss per share attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders is computed by dividing net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders by the weighted average common shares outstanding of 47.3 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and 28.1 million shares for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.  The calculation of a diluted earnings per share amount includes the effect of any dilutive equity incentive instruments.  The Company uses the treasury stock method to calculate the effect of outstanding dilutive equity incentive instruments, which requires the Company to compute total proceeds as the sum of (1) the amount the employee must pay upon exercise of the award, (2) the amount of unearned stock-based compensation costs attributed to future services and (3) the amount of tax benefits, if any, that would be credited to additional paid-in capital assuming exercise of the award.  Equity incentive instruments for which the total employee proceeds from exercise exceed the average fair value of the same equity incentive instrument over the period have an anti-dilutive effect on earnings per share, and accordingly, the Company excludes

15

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

them from the calculation.  Due to the net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders incurred during the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the assumed exercise of all equity incentive instruments was anti-dilutive and, therefore, not included in the diluted loss per share attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders calculation.
 
Reconciliations of the numerator and the denominator of the basic and diluted per share computations for the Company's common stock are summarized as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Numerator:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders
$
(10.3
)
 
$
(35.7
)
 
$
(17.6
)
 
$
(44.2
)
Denominator:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic weighted average number of common shares outstanding for all classes of common shares
47.3

 
28.1

 
47.3

 
28.1

Plus: effect of dilutive equity incentive instruments

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average number of common shares outstanding for all classes of common shares
47.3

 
28.1

 
47.3

 
28.1

Net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic and Diluted
$
(0.22
)
 
$
(1.27
)
 
$
(0.37
)
 
$
(1.57
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends paid per common share for all classes of common shares
$
0.20

 
$

 
$
0.20

 
$
0.50

 
Note 18. Equity Incentive Programs
 
The Company recognizes compensation expense, based on estimated grant date fair values, for all share-based awards issued to employees and non-employee directors using the Black-Scholes option pricing model.  The total compensation expense recognized related to all equity incentive programs was $2.0 million and $4.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and $1.2 million and $2.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and was recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses.  The Company recognizes compensation costs for only those awards expected to vest on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards, which is generally the vesting term.  The Company estimated the number of awards expected to vest based, in part, on historical forfeiture rates and also based on management's expectations of employee turnover within the specific employee groups receiving each type of award.  Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods, if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates.
 
For grants made prior to January 1, 2011, equity incentive compensation expense only included the Company's 1999 Nonqualified Stock Option Plan and the 1990 Stock Option Plan.  For grants beginning January 1, 2011, the shareholders of the Company approved the Quad/Graphics Inc. 2010 Omnibus Incentive Plan for two complimentary purposes: (1) to attract and retain outstanding individuals to serve as directors, officers and employees and (2) to increase shareholder value.  Concurrent with the July 2, 2010 closing of the World Color Press acquisition, an additional 2.3 million shares of Class A common stock were approved for issuance under the Company's Omnibus Plan.  Within the framework of the Omnibus Plan, the Company's board of directors approved the form of a new stock option award agreement, a restricted stock award agreement, a restricted stock unit award agreement and a deferred stock unit award agreement.  The first grants of any of these newly approved equity incentive instruments were made January 1, 2011 at an exercise price of $41.26.  Each equity incentive instrument granted has an exercise price of no less than 100% of the fair market value of the class A common stock on the date of grant.
 
At June 30, 2011, the Company has authorized a total of 6.1 million shares of its class A common stock for grants under all of the Company's equity incentive plans, and 1.7 million shares were remaining for future grants.
 

16

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

Stock Options
 
Options granted prior to 2011 generally vest at a rate of 5% to 10% per year and expire 90 days after the respective employee's termination from the Company.  For new option grants beginning January 1, 2011, options vest over four years, with no vesting in the first year and one-third vesting upon the second, third and fourth anniversary dates.  As defined in the individual grant agreements, acceleration of vesting may occur under a change in control, death, disability or normal retirement of the grantee.  For the new option grants beginning January 1, 2011, options expire upon the earliest of the tenth anniversary of the grant date, twenty-four months after termination for death, thirty-six months after termination for normal retirement or disability and 90 days after termination of employment for any other reason.  While stock options granted prior to 2011 were credited with dividend declarations, the new option grants after that time are not credited with dividend declarations.  Stock options are only to be granted to employees and will only be granted under the new option grant terms from January 1, 2011 forward.
 
The Company granted 448,154 stock options under the new stock option plan on January 1, 2011, and the Company granted 495,000 options under the pre-2011 stock option plans on January 1, 2010.  The grant date fair value of options was $13.19 and $18.78 for the grants during the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.  The fair value of each stock option grant is estimated on the date of grant with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
Expected volatility
36.0
%
 
27.0
%
Risk-free interest rate
2.3
%
 
3.8
%
Expected life (years)
7.0

 
9.8

Dividend yield
2.0
%
 
%
 
The Company determined expected volatility based on the volatility of comparable company stock.  The average risk-free interest rate is based on the United States treasury security rate in effect as of the grant date over the term of the expected life.  The expected life is based on the term and vesting period of each grant adjusted for historical experience in vesting.  Prior to 2011, no dividend yield is included because dividends were credited to the option holders.
 
Compensation expense recognized related to stock options was $1.6 million and $3.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and $1.2 million and $2.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.  Total future compensation expense for all stock options granted as of June 30, 2011 is approximately $33.2 million, which is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average vesting period of 3.6 years.
 
Cash received from option exercises was $0 and $1.6 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively, and $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, respectively.
 

17

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

The following table is a summary of the stock option activity for the six months ended June 30, 2011:
 
 
Shares Under
Option
(thousands)
 
Weighted Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted Average
Remaining
Contractual Term
(years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic Value
(millions)
Outstanding at December 31, 2010
3,736

 
$
13.12

 
6.9
 
$
105.1

Granted
448

 
41.26

 
7.0
 
0.6

Exercised
(94
)
 
(1.74
)
 
 
 
(3.1
)
Cancelled/forfeited/expired
(14
)
 
16.28

 
 
 
(0.2
)
Outstanding at June 30, 2011
4,076

 
$
16.37

 
6.1
 
$
92.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2011
3,700

 
$
13.21

 
6.0
 
$
85.4

Exercisable at June 30, 2011
1,577

 
$
9.92

 
5.9
 
$
45.6

 
The intrinsic value of options exercisable and options outstanding at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 is based on the fair value of the stock price.
 
Share-based compensation activity for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is noted below:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Total intrinsic value of stock options exercised
$

 
$
0.2

 
$
3.1

 
$
0.3

Cash received from stock option exercises

 
0.1

 
1.6

 
0.2

Total fair value of stock options vested

 

 
5.4

 
5.7

 
Restricted Stock, Restricted Stock Units and Deferred Stock Units
 
Restricted stock ("RS") and restricted stock unit ("RSU") awards consist of shares or the rights to shares of the Company's class A common stock which are awarded to employees of the Company.  The awards are restricted such that they are subject to substantial risk of forfeiture and to restrictions on their sale or other transfer by the employee.  RSU awards are typically granted to eligible employees outside of the United States.  On January 1, 2011, RS awards of 119,315 shares and RSU awards of 14,625 units were granted at a grant date fair value of $41.26 and $38.86, respectively.  All of the RS shares and the RSUs will vest on the third anniversary of the grant date, provided the holder of the share is continuously employed by the Company until the vesting date.  As defined in the individual grant agreements, acceleration of vesting may occur under a change in control, or death, disability or normal retirement of the grantee.  Grantees receiving RS grants are able to exercise full voting rights and receive full credit for dividends during the vesting period.  All such dividends will be paid to the RS grantee within 45 days of full vesting.  Grantees receiving RSUs are not entitled to vote and do not earn dividends.  Upon vesting, RSUs will be settled either through cash payment equal to the fair market value of the RSUs on the vesting date or through issuance of Company class A common stock.
 

18

Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

Nonvested RS and RSU awards as of June 30, 2011, and changes for the six months ended June 30, 2011 were as follows:
 
 
Restricted Stock
 
Restricted Stock Units
 
Shares
(thousands)
 
Weighted-
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Per Share
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (Years)
 
Units
(thousands)
 
Weighted-
Average
Grant Date
Fair Value
Per Share
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (Years)
Nonvested at December 31, 2010

 
$

 

 

 
$

 

Granted at January 1, 2011
119.3

 
41.26

 
3.0

 
14.6

 
38.86

 
3.0

Nonvested at June 30, 2011
119.3

 
$
41.26

 
2.5

 
14.6

 
$
38.86

 
2.5

 
Compensation expense of $0.4 million and $0.8 million was recognized related to RS and RSUs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, respectively.  Total future compensation expense for all RS and RSUs granted as of June 30, 2011 is approximately $4.1 million, which is expected to be recognized over the weighted-average vesting period of 1.6 years.  The aggregate fair value of outstanding RSUs as of June 30, 2011 was $0.6 million.
 
On January 1, 2011, 13,704 deferred stock units ("DSU") were granted at a grant date fair value of $41.26 to non-employee directors.  The deferred stock units are fully vested on the grant date and all were outstanding as of June 30, 2011.  Each DSU entitles the grantee to receive one share of class A common stock upon the earlier of the separation date of the grantee or the second anniversary of the grant date, but could be subject to acceleration for a change in control or death or disability as defined in the individual DSU grant agreement.  Grantees of DSUs may not exercise voting rights, but are credited with dividends and those dividends will be converted into additional DSUs based on the closing price of the class A common stock upon settlement.  For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, the compensation expense recorded for these awards was $0 and $0.6 million, respectively.  As these awards were fully vested on the grant date, all compensation expense was recognized at the date of grant.
 
Other information
 
Authorized unissued shares or treasury shares may be used for issuance under the Company's equity incentive programs.  The Company intends to use treasury shares of its class A common stock to meet the stock requirements of its awards in the future.

Note 19. Shareholders' Equity
 
The Company has three classes of common stock.  There are 80.0 million shares of $0.025 par value class A common stock authorized, of which 40.0 million shares (including 7.2 million shares in treasury stock) and 40.0 million shares (including 7.4 million shares in treasury stock) were issued at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.  There are 80.0 million shares of $0.025 par value class B common stock authorized, of which 15.0 million shares (including 0.8 million shares in treasury stock) were issued at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.  There are 20.0 million shares of $0.025 par value class C common stock authorized, of which 0.5 million shares (including 0.2 million shares in treasury stock) were issued at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.  The Company also has 0.5 million shares of $0.01 par value preferred stock authorized, of which none have been issued at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.  The Company has no present plans to issue any preferred stock.  During the six months ended June 30, 2011, the Company did not purchase any of its common stock in the open market.

In accordance with the Articles of Incorporation, dividends are paid equally for class A, class B and class C common shares.  On May 10, 2011, the Board of Directors declared a $0.20 cash dividend for each share of class A, class B and class C common stock outstanding to shareholders of record on May 27, 2011, which was paid on June 10, 2011. On January 2, 2010, the Board of Directors declared a $0.50 cash dividend for each share of class A, class B and class C common stock outstanding to shareholders of record on January 2, 2010, which was paid on January 22, 2010.
 
In accordance with the Articles of Incorporation, each class A common share has one vote per share and each class B and class C common share has ten votes per share on all matters voted upon by the Company's shareholders.  Liquidation rights

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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

are the same for all three classes of stock.
 
Redeemable equity
 
The Company follows the applicable GAAP and SEC authoritative guidance for redeemable stock which requires the Company to record the class C common stock at full redemption value at each balance sheet date to the extent the redemption of those securities is not solely within the control of the Company.  Under the terms of the Articles of Incorporation, the class C common shares are required to be owned by a qualified employee retirement plan of the Company and each holder of class C common stock has a continuous right to have the class C common stock repurchased by the Company.
 
The redemption value of the class C qualified employee retirement plan shares at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010 totaled $10.0 million and $10.6 million, respectively.  There were no class C common shares redeemed by the Company during the six months ended June 30, 2011.  Subsequent changes to the redemption value of the securities due to changes in stock valuation or dividend declarations are charged to retained earnings, while decreases in redemption value due to elimination of redemption features are credited to additional paid-in capital and retained earnings.  During the six months ended June 30, 2011 the balance of redeemable equity decreased by $0.6 million, as shown in the table below:
 
 
Class C Common Stock
 
Total Redeemable Equity
 
Shares
 
Redemption
Value
 
Balance at December 31, 2010
0.3

 
$
10.6

 
$
10.6

Cash dividends declared

 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
Decrease in redemption value of redeemable equity

 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
Balance at June 30, 2011
0.3

 
$
10.0

 
$
10.0


Common stock and other equity and noncontrolling interests
 
Activity impacting the Company's common stock and other equity and noncontrolling interests for the six months ended June 30, 2011 was as follows:
 
 
Quad/Graphics
Common Stock and
Other Equity
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
Balance at December 31, 2010
$
1,481.3

 
$
0.7

Net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders
(17.6
)
 

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

 
0.1

Foreign currency translation adjustments
27.8

 
(0.3
)
Pension and other postretirement benefit liability amortization, net of tax
(1.0
)
 

Tax distribution dividends declared
(4.8
)
 

Cash dividends declared
(9.3
)
 

Tax benefit from exercise of stock options
0.8

 

Stock-based compensation
4.6

 

Sale of stock for options exercised
(0.2
)
 

Decrease in redemption value of redeemable equity
0.5

 

Balance at June 30, 2011
$
1,482.1

 
$
0.5


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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)


Note 20. Comprehensive Income (Loss)
 
The following table summarizes the Company's comprehensive income (loss) for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2011
 
2010
 
2011
 
2010
Net loss
$
(10.2
)
 
$
(35.6
)
 
$
(17.5
)
 
$
(44.1
)
Translation adjustments
15.0

 
(12.2
)
 
27.8

 
(20.6
)
Pension and other postretirement benefit liability amortization, net of tax
(0.5
)
 

 
(1.0
)
 

Comprehensive income (loss)
$
4.3

 
$
(47.8
)
 
$
9.3

 
$
(64.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders
$
4.2

 
$
(47.9
)
 
$
9.2

 
$
(64.8
)
 
Note 21. Segment Information
 
The Company operates primarily in the commercial print portion of the printing industry, with related product and service offerings designed to offer customers complete solutions for communicating their messages to target audiences.  The Company's operating and reportable segments are aligned with how the chief operating decision maker of the Company currently manages the business.  The Company's reportable and operating segments and their product and service offerings are summarized below:
 
North America Print and Related Services
 
The North America Print and Related Services segment includes the Company's United States and Canada printing operations, managed as one integrated platform.  This segment's products include catalogs, consumer magazines, special interest publications, direct marketing materials and retail inserts.  The related service offerings include digital photography, digital imaging, binding, mailing and distribution, and data optimization and analytics services.  This segment also includes the design, development, manufacture and service of printing-related auxiliary equipment, as well as the manufacture of ink.
 
International
 
The International segment includes the Company's printing operations in Europe and Latin America.  This segment provides printed products and related services consistent with the North America Print and Related Services segment, with the exception of printing-related auxiliary equipment.
 
Corporate
 
Corporate consists of unallocated general and administrative activities and associated expenses including, in part, executive, legal, finance, information technology and human resources.


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QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)

 
Net Sales
 
Operating Income/(Loss)
 
Restructuring, Impairment and Transaction-Related Charges
 
Products
 
Services
 
 
Three months ended June 30, 2011
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North America Print and Related Services
$
837.9

 
$
114.9

 
$
45.2

 
$
11.2

International
114.5

 
3.2

 
(6.0
)
 
0.9

Total operating segments
952.4

 
118.1

 
39.2

 
12.1

Corporate

 

 
(23.8
)
 
11.3

Total
$
952.4

 
$
118.1

 
$
15.4

 
$
23.4

Three months ended June 30, 2010
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North America Print and Related Services
$
290.0

 
$
46.0

 
$
11.7

 
$
0.8

International
55.5

 
2.8

 
(28.9
)
 
25.6

Total operating segments
345.5

 
48.8

 
(17.2
)
 
26.4

Corporate

 

 
(6.5
)
 
4.9

Total
$
345.5

 
$
48.8

 
$
(23.7
)
 
$
31.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2011
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America Print and Related Services
$
1,706.3

 
$
233.6

 
$
81.7

 
$
38.7

International
226.9

 
6.0

 
(10.8
)
 
2.4

Total operating segments
1,933.2

 
239.6

 
70.9

 
41.1

Corporate

 

 
(40.9
)
 
17.1

Total
$
1,933.2

 
$
239.6

 
$
30.0

 
$
58.2

Six months ended June 30, 2010
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

North America Print and Related Services
$
588.7

 
$
95.6

 
$
29.5

 
$
0.9

International
108.1

 
5.5

 
(33.7
)
 
25.6

Total operating segments
696.8

 
101.1

 
(4.2
)
 
26.5

Corporate

 

 
(15.5
)
 
11.1

Total
$
696.8

 
$
101.1

 
$
(19.7
)
 
$
37.6

 
Restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 are further described in Note 4 and are included in the Operating Income/(Loss) results by segment above.
 
Note 22. Subsequent Events
 
Transcontinental Inc. Definitive Agreement

On July 12, 2011, the Company and Transcontinental entered into a definitive agreement whereby Quad/Graphics will acquire Transcontinental's Mexican operations as well as a portion of Transcontinental's book printing business that is produced for U.S. export, and the Company will sell its Canadian operations to Transcontinental (with the exception of Quad/Graphics' Vancouver, British Columbia facility). As part of the Canadian transaction, Transcontinental will assume pension and post-retirement obligations pertaining to all Canadian employees except those retained by the Company.

Transcontinental employs approximately 900 people among its three facilities in Azcapotzalco, Toluca and Xochimilco, Mexico. Quad/Graphics employs approximately 1,500 people among its seven facilities being sold to Transcontinental, which are located in Aurora, Concord and Markham, Ontario; LaSalle and Montreal, Quebec; Edmonton, Alberta and Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.

The transactions are subject to customary regulatory clearances, including under the Mexican Federal Law on Economic Competition and the Canadian Competition Act. The definitive agreement allows for the transactions to close independently of each other. As of August 11, 2011, the regulatory reviews to approve the transactions were not complete.

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Table of Contents
QUAD/GRAPHICS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 2011
(In millions, except share and per share data and unless otherwise indicated)


Amended and Restated Credit Agreement

On July 26, 2011, the Company entered into a $1.5 billion debt financing agreement with certain lenders. The $1.5 billion debt financing agreement includes three different loan facilities. The first is a revolving facility in the amount of $850.0 million with a term of five years maturing on July 25, 2016. The second facility is a Term Loan A in the aggregate amount of $450.0 million with a term of five years maturing on July 25, 2016. The third facility is a Term Loan B in the amount of $200.0 million with a term of seven years maturing on July 25, 2018, subject to certain required amortization. At any time when the Company's total leverage is 3.00 to 1.00 or greater, the Company is obligated to prepay the two term loan facilities from the net proceeds of asset sales, casualty losses, and certain indebtedness for borrowed money, or from a portion of its excess cash flow, subject to certain exceptions.

Borrowings under the revolving facility and Term Loan A loans made under the $1.5 billion debt financing agreement will initially bear interest at 2.25% in excess of reserve adjusted London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), or 1.25% in excess of an alternate base rate, and Term Loan B loans will bear interest at 3.00% in excess of reserve adjusted LIBOR Rate, with a LIBOR floor of 1.00%, or 2.00% in excess of an alternative base rate at the Company's option.

This debt financing agreement was entered into to reduce the Company's borrowing costs with lower interest rates and to create more financial flexibility with a higher revolving credit capacity. The proceeds from the Term Loan A, Term Loan B and revolving credit facility were used to repay all outstanding balances on the Company's then outstanding $1.23 billion debt financing agreement, which terminated, and new debt issuance costs incurred.

The $1.5 billion debt financing agreement is secured by substantially all of the unencumbered assets of the Company. The $1.5 billion debt financing agreement also requires the Company to provide additional collateral to the lenders in certain limited circumstances.

This $1.5 billion debt financing agreement subjects the Company to certain quarterly financial covenants and also includes certain limitations on acquisitions, indebtedness, liens, dividends and repurchases of capital stock. If the Company's total leverage ratio is greater than 3.00 to 1.00 (total leverage ratio as defined in the debt financing agreement), the Company is prohibited from making greater than $120.0 million of annual dividend payments, capital stock repurchases and certain other payments. If the total leverage ratio is less than 3.00 to 1.00, there are no such restrictions.  

The quarterly financial covenants are as follows (all financial terms, numbers and ratios are as defined in the $1.5 billion debt financing agreement):
    
On a rolling twelve-month basis, the total leverage ratio, defined as total consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA, shall not exceed 3.50 to 1.00. In the previous $1.23 billion debt financing agreement, the total leverage ratio was 3.75 to 1.00, and then was to step down to 3.50 to 1.00 on December 31, 2012 and further step down to 3.25 to 1.00 on December 31, 2013.

On a rolling twelve-month basis, the minimum interest coverage ratio, defined as consolidated EBITDA to consolidated cash interest expense, shall not be less than 3.00 to 1.00.  This ratio will step up to 3.25 to 1.00 on December 31, 2011 and further step up to 3.50 to 1.00 on December 31, 2012. This covenant is unchanged from the $1.23 billion debt financing agreement.

Consolidated net worth of at least $745.8 million plus 40% of positive consolidated net income cumulatively for each year. This covenant is unchanged from the $1.23 billion debt financing agreement.

Declaration of Quarterly Dividend

On August 9, 2011, the Company declared a quarterly dividend of $0.20 per share, which will be paid on September 9, 2011, to shareholders of record as of August 29, 2011.


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Table of Contents

ITEM 2.    Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
The following discussion of the financial condition and results of operations of Quad/Graphics should be read together with (1) the Quad/Graphics condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, including the notes thereto, included elsewhere in this report and (2) the audited consolidated annual financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2010 and notes thereto included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 24, 2011.
 
Management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is provided as a supplement to the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying footnotes to help provide an understanding of the Company's financial condition, the changes in the Company's financial condition and the Company's results of operations.  This discussion and analysis is organized as follows:
 
Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.

Overview.  This section includes a general description of the Company's business and segments, an overview of key performance metrics the Company's management measures and utilizes to evaluate business performance and an overview of trends affecting the Company, including management's actions related to the trends.
 
Results of Operations.  This section contains an analysis of the Company's results of operations by comparing the results for (1) the three months ended June 30, 2011 to the three months ended June 30, 2010 and (2) the six months ended June 30, 2011 to the six months ended June 30, 2010.  The comparability of the Company's results of operations was significantly impacted by the acquisition of World Color Press on July 2, 2010.  The results of operations for World Color Press are included in the Company's consolidated results prospectively from July 2, 2010.  Forward-looking statements providing a general description of recent and projected industry and company developments that are important to understanding the Company's results of operations are included in this section.  This section also provides a discussion of EBITDA and EBITDA margin, non-GAAP financial measures the Company uses to assess the performance of its business.
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources.  This section provides an analysis of the Company's capitalization and cash flows.  Forward-looking statements important to understanding the Company's financial condition are also included in this section.
 
New Accounting Pronouncements.  This section provides a discussion of new accounting pronouncements that the Company believes are important to understanding the Company's current and forward-looking results of operations and financial condition.

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
 
To the extent any statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain information that is not historical, these statements are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.  These forward-looking statements relate to, among other things, the Company's objectives, goals, strategies, beliefs, intentions, plans, estimates, prospects, projections and outlook, and can generally be identified by the use of words such as "may", "will", "expect", "intend", "estimate", "anticipate", "plan", "foresee", "believe" or "continue" or the negatives of these terms, variations on them and other similar expressions.  In addition, any statements that refer to expectations, projections or other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements.
 
These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, some of which are beyond the control of the Company.  These risks, uncertainties and other factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by those forward-looking statements.  Among risks, uncertainties and other factors that may impact Quad/Graphics are those described in Part I, Item 1A of the Company's 2010 Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on March 24, 2011, as may be amended or supplemented in Part II, Item 1A of the Company's subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q (including this report), and the following:
 
The impact of significant overcapacity in the commercial printing industry, which creates downward pricing pressure and fluctuating demand for printing services;
 
The impact of fluctuations in costs and availability of raw materials, energy costs and freight rates;
  

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Table of Contents

Quad/Graphics may be unable to achieve the estimated potential synergies expected from the acquisition of World Color Press or it may take longer or cost more than expected to achieve those synergy savings;
 
Unexpected costs or liabilities related to the World Color Press acquisition, including the effects of purchase accounting that may be different from Quad/Graphics' allocations;
 
Failure to successfully integrate the operations of Quad/Graphics and World Color Press;
 
The impact of electronic media and similar technological changes;
 
Changes in macroeconomic or political conditions in the countries where Quad/Graphics operates;
 
Regulatory matters and risks;
 
Legislative developments or changes in laws;
 
The impact of fluctuations in interest rates and foreign exchange rates;
 
The retention of existing, and continued attraction of additional, key employees; and
 
The effect of accounting pronouncements issued periodically by standard-setting bodies.
 
Quad/Graphics cautions that the foregoing list of risks, uncertainties and other factors is not exhaustive and you should carefully consider the other factors detailed from time to time in Quad/Graphics' filings with the SEC and other uncertainties and potential events when relying on the Company's forward-looking statements to make decisions with respect to Quad/Graphics.
 
Because forward-looking statements are subject to assumptions and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.  You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.  Except to the extent required by the federal securities laws, the Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
 
Overview
 
Business Overview
 
Quad/Graphics is a leading global provider of print and related services, producing and delivering products and services designed to provide complete solutions to a broad base of customers.  The Company's print products primarily include catalogs, consumer magazines, special interest publications, direct mail and other commercial specialty printed products, retail inserts, books and directories.  Print-related services the Company provides include digital imaging and photography, binding, mailing and distribution, and logistics, data optimization and analytics services.  In addition, substantial investments are made in research and development and other technological innovations.  The Company has developed multiple manufacturing process improvements, including innovative press and finishing control systems and material-handling equipment for use in its own print operations as well as for sale to other printers worldwide.  The Company believes that its in-house research and development and a continuous improvement mentality toward printing technology is important to its success.  The Company also manufactures ink, which is used in its own printing process.  The Company separately reports its net sales and related costs of sales for its product and service offerings.
 
The Company's operating and reporting segments are aligned with how the Company's chief operating decision maker currently manages the business.  The Company has three reportable segments: North America Print and Related Services, International and Corporate.
 
The North America Print and Related Services segment includes the Company's United States and Canada printing operations, managed as one integrated platform.  This segment includes all of the product and related service offerings described above.  The North America Print and Related Services segment accounted for approximately 89% of the Company's consolidated net sales in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.
 

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Table of Contents

The International segment includes the Company's printing operations in Europe and Latin America, which prior to the World Color Press acquisition included operations in Poland, Argentina and Brazil, and now also includes Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Chile and expanded operations in Argentina and Brazil.  This segment produces and delivers all of Quad/Graphics' product and service offerings in Europe and Latin America, with the exception of printing-related auxiliary equipment designed, manufactured and marketed through Quad/Graphics' research subsidiary QuadTech, Inc, which is included in the North America Print and Related Services segment.  The International segment accounted for approximately 11% of the Company's consolidated net sales in the three and six months ended June 30, 2011.
 
The Corporate segment consists of unallocated general and administrative activities and associated expenses including, in part, executive, legal, finance, information technology and human resources.

Key Performance Metrics Overview
 
The Company's management believes the ability to generate net sales growth and positive cash flow are key indicators of the successful execution of the Company's business strategy and will increase shareholder value.  The Company uses period over period net sales growth, EBITDA, EBITDA margin and cash flows provided by operating activities as metrics to measure operating performance and financial condition.  EBITDA and EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures (see the reconciliation of net loss attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders to EBITDA in the Results of Operations section below).
 
Net sales growth. The Company uses period over period net sales growth as a key performance metric. The Company's management assesses net sales growth based on the ability to generate increased net sales through increased sales to existing customers, sales to new customers, sales of new or expanded solutions to existing and new customers and opportunities to expand sales through strategic investments, including acquisitions.
 
EBITDA and EBITDA margin. The Company uses EBITDA and EBITDA margin as metrics to assess operating performance.  The Company's management assesses EBITDA and EBITDA margin based on the ability to increase revenues while controlling variable expense growth.
 
Cash flows provided by operating activities. The Company uses cash flows provided by operating activities as a metric to assess liquidity.  The Company's management assesses cash flows provided by operating activities based on the ability to meet recurring cash obligations while increasing available cash to fund integration and restructuring requirements related to the acquired World Color Press operations, as well as to fund capital expenditures, debt service requirements, World Color Press single employer pension plan contributions, World Color Press multiemployer pension plan withdrawal liabilities, investments in future growth to create value for its shareholders and shareholder dividends.  Cash flows provided by operating activities can be significantly impacted by the timing of non-recurring or infrequent receipts or expenditures.

Overview of Trends Affecting Quad/Graphics
 
Competition in the highly fragmented printing industry remains intense as the industry is consolidating and has excess manufacturing capacity. Combined with the global economic uncertainty, the printing industry continues to face downward pricing pressures.  In addition, the growth and adaptation of alternative marketing technologies (such as distribution and hosting of online content and mobile technologies) as well as alternative delivery of content may result in a decrease in demand for printed products, which would further increase industry overcapacity.  In response to these trends, the Company focuses on financial flexibility, a strong balance sheet and an efficient cost structure, which management believes will best position the Company for long-term success.

The Company believes that a disciplined approach for capital management and a strong balance sheet are critical to be able to invest in profitable growth opportunities and technological advances, thereby providing the highest return for shareholders.  Management currently is balancing the use of cash between compelling investment opportunities, deleveraging the Company's balance sheet through reductions in debt and pension and postretirement liabilities and, starting in the second quarter of 2011, instituting a quarterly shareholder dividend of $0.20 per share.

Through June 30, 2011, the Company reduced overall debt and capital leases by $17 million since December 31, 2010, and $233 million since the July 2, 2010 World Color Press acquisition date, despite incurring significant costs related to integration and restructuring programs associated with the acquisition.  In addition, the Company's pension and postretirement liability decreased by $145 million since the July 2, 2010 World Color Press acquisition date. Furthermore, on July 26, 2011, the Company refinanced a significant portion of its debt with a $1.5 billion debt financing agreement. The new debt agreement increases the revolving credit available to the Company from $530.0 million to $850.0 million, providing greater capacity to

26

Table of Contents

support the Company's growth plans. In addition to increasing financial flexibility, the new debt agreement reduces cash interest payments by an estimated $16 - $20 million annually at current borrowing levels.
 
 The Company has been working diligently to lower its cost structure by consolidating its manufacturing platform into its most efficient facilities, as well as realizing purchasing, mailing and logistics efficiencies by centralizing and consolidating print manufacturing volumes and eliminating redundancies in its administrative and corporate operations.  These efforts include the deployment of the Company's own brand of ERP software tools to streamline workflows and improve data visibility across the consolidated platform.  Since the July 2, 2010 World Color Press acquisition, the Company has announced ten plant closures (including the closure of the St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada and Mt. Morris, Illinois plants during the first quarter of 2011 and the closure of the Buffalo, New York plant during the second quarter of 2011), closed the former World Color Press headquarters and completed other restructuring actions.  Management believes the synergy savings will be more than $225 million.  Management expects that these synergy savings will be achieved within the estimated integration-related costs range of $195 million to $240 million, and may exceed the range to the extent synergy savings exceed $225 million.  There can be no assurance that the synergy savings target will be fully realized or that the integration-related costs will not exceed the estimate.  In addition to cost savings through acquisition-related synergies, the Company continues its focus on cost reductions through lean manufacturing and continuous improvement initiatives in order to achieve improved efficiencies, reduce waste, lower overall operating costs, enhance quality and timeliness and create a safer work environment for the Company's employees. 
 
In this increasingly multichannel marketplace, the Company believes that the printing industry will be driven to make capital investments in new technologies, such as those to deliver targeted and customized print solutions.  The Company believes its ongoing commitment to technology, through its in-house equipment development operations, has been paramount in delivering high-quality and relevant offerings to its customers.  The Company intends to invest $170 million to $200 million in new capital projects in 2011.

 When making capital allocation decisions, management undertakes a thorough process aimed at driving the strongest contribution to long-term profitability, whether those are fixed asset additions as discussed above, organic growth opportunities or acquisitions.

On July 12, 2011, the Company and Transcontinental entered into a definitive agreement whereby Quad/Graphics will acquire Transcontinental's Mexican operations as well as a portion of Transcontinental's book printing business that is produced for U.S. export, and the Company will sell its Canadian operations to Transcontinental (with the exception of Quad/Graphics' Vancouver, British Columbia facility). As part of the Canadian transaction, Transcontinental will assume pension and post-retirement obligations pertaining to all Canadian employees except those retained by the Company. The Company believes with the acquisition of Trancontinental's Mexican operations it will be able to create an industry-leading print platform in an economy with a higher growth rate than that of Canada, and also achieve beneficial synergy savings through operational consolidation. The transactions are subject to customary regulatory clearances, including under the Mexican Federal Law on Economic Competition and the Canadian Competition Act. As of August 11, 2011, the regulatory reviews to approve the transactions were not complete.
 
The Company is subject to seasonality in its quarterly results as net sales and operating income are typically higher in the third and fourth quarters of the calendar year as compared to the first and second quarters, and management anticipates this same impact of seasonality in 2011.  Seasonality is driven by increased magazine advertising page counts and retail inserts and catalogs primarily due to back-to-school and holiday related advertising and promotions.  As a result, net sales and operating income during the first six months of 2011 are not a reliable predictor for what net sales and operating income will be for the full year of 2011.


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Results of Operations for the Three Months Ended June 30, 2011 Compared to the Three Months Ended June 30, 2010

Summary Results
 
The Company's operating income (loss), operating margin and diluted loss per share attributable to Quad/Graphics common shareholders for the three months ended June 30, 2011 changed from the three months ended June 30, 2010 as follows (dollars in millions, except per share data):
 
 
Operating Income (Loss)
 
Operating Margin
 
Loss Per Share
Attributable to
Quad/Graphics Common
Shareholders—Diluted
For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2010
$
(23.7
)
 
(6.0
)%
 
$
(1.27
)
2011 Restructuring, Impairment and Transaction-Related Charges(1)
(23.4
)
 
(2.2
)%
 
(0.37
)
2010 Restructuring, Impairment and Transaction-Related Charges(2)
31.3

 
7.9
 %
 
1.11

Increase in Interest Expense(3)
N/A

 
N/A

 
(0.15
)
Increase in Income Tax Benefit(4)
N/A

 
N/A

 
0.04

Increase in Operating Income(5)
31.2

 
1.7
 %
 
0.42

For the Three Months Ended June 30, 2011
$
15.4

 
1.4
 %
 
$
(0.22
)
__________________________________
(1)
Restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges of $23.4 million incurred during the three months ended June 30, 2011 included:
 
a.
$5.1 million of employee termination costs related to 523 headcount reductions for the Buffalo, New York plant closure and other workforce reductions announced through the second quarter of 2011, as well as from workforce reductions that commenced in 2010;

b.
$1.0 million of transaction costs incurred through June 30, 2011 primarily in connection with the transaction with Transcontinental;

c.
$8.9 million of costs incurred in connection with the integration of World Color Press into Quad/Graphics; and

d.
$8.4 million of various other restructuring charges including costs to maintain and exit closed facilities, as well as lease exit charges.
 
In connection with the integration of the operations of World Color Press into Quad/Graphics, the Company expects to incur substantial additional restructuring and integration costs in future reporting periods.
 
(2)
Restructuring, impairment and transaction-related charges of $31.3 million incurred during the three months ended June 30, 2010 included:
 
a.
$1.2 million of employee termination costs related to 707 headcount reductions for the Pila, Poland plant closure;

b.
$24.4 million of impairment charges on assets related to the Pila, Poland plant closure;

c.
$2.7 million of transaction costs incurred in connection with the World Color Press acquisition;

d.
$2.2 million of costs incurred in connection with the integration of World Color Press into Quad/Graphics; and

e.
$0.8 million of lease exit charges.
 
(3)
Interest expense increased $14.5 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 to $29.5 million.  This change is due to the increased overall debt levels since the World Color Press acquisition.


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(4)
Income tax benefit increased $2.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2011 to a