|x||ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
|o||TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934|
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)
|(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
|(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)|
|112 West 34th Street, New York, New York||10120|
|(Address of principal executive offices)||(Zip Code)|
|Title of each class||Name of each exchange on which registered|
|Common Stock, par value $0.01||New York Stock Exchange|
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
|Large accelerated filer x||Accelerated filer o||Non-accelerated filer o||Smaller reporting company o|
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes o No x
|Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding at March 21, 2011:||154,717,295|
|The aggregate market value of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the Registrant computed by reference to the closing price as of the last business day of the Registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter, July 30, 2010, was approximately:||$||1,617,588,691*|
|*||For purposes of this calculation only (a) all directors plus one executive officer and owners of five percent or more of the Registrant are deemed to be affiliates of the Registrant and (b) shares deemed to be held by such persons include only outstanding shares of the Registrants voting stock with respect to which such persons had, on such date, voting or investment power.|
Portions of the Registrants definitive Proxy Statement (the Proxy Statement) to be filed in connection with the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 18, 2011: Parts III and IV.
Unresolved Staff Comments
[Removed and Reserved]
Market for the Companys Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Selected Financial Data
Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Controls and Procedures
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Foot Locker, Inc., incorporated under the laws of the State of New York in 1989, is a leading global retailer of athletic footwear and apparel, operating 3,426 primarily mall-based stores in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand as of January 29, 2011. Foot Locker, Inc. and its subsidiaries hereafter are referred to as the Registrant, Company, we, our, or us. Information regarding the business is contained under the Business Overview section in Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
The Company maintains a website on the Internet at www.footlocker-inc.com. The Companys filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge through this website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are filed with or furnished to the SEC by clicking on the SEC Filings link. The Corporate Governance section of the Companys corporate website contains the Companys Corporate Governance Guidelines, Committee Charters, and the Companys Code of Business Conduct for directors, officers and employees, including the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer. Copies of these documents may also be obtained free of charge upon written request to the Companys Corporate Secretary at 112 West 34th Street, New York, NY 10120. The Company intends to promptly disclose amendments to the Code of Business Conduct and waivers of the Code for directors and executive officers on the Corporate Governance section of the Companys corporate website.
The financial information concerning business segments, divisions and geographic areas is contained under the Business Overview and Segment Information sections in Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. Information regarding sales, operating results and identifiable assets of the Company by business segment and by geographic area is contained under the Segment Information note in Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
The service marks and trademarks appearing on this page and elsewhere in this report (except for Nike, Inc., Alshaya Trading Co. W.L.L., and Northern Group) are owned by Foot Locker, Inc. or its subsidiaries.
The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries had 12,688 full-time and 25,319 part-time employees at January 29, 2011. The Company considers employee relations to be satisfactory.
Financial information concerning competition is contained under the Business Risk section in the Financial Instruments and Risk Management note in Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
Financial information concerning merchandise purchases is contained under the Liquidity section in Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and under the Business Risk section in the Financial Instruments and Risk Management note in Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
|Item 1A.||Risk Factors|
The statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (Annual Report) that are not historical facts, including, but not limited to, statements regarding our expected financial position, business and financing plans found in Item 1. Business and Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Please also see Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements. Our actual results may differ materially due to the risks and uncertainties discussed in this Annual Report, including those discussed below. Additional risks and uncertainties that we do not presently know about or that we currently consider to be insignificant may also affect our business operations and financial performance.
Our ability to successfully implement and execute our long range plan is dependent on many factors. Our strategies may require significant capital investment and management attention, which may result in the diversion of these resources from our core business and other business issues and opportunities. Additionally, any new initiative is subject to certain risks including customer acceptance, competition, product differentiation, and the ability to attract and retain qualified personnel. If we cannot successfully execute our strategic growth initiatives or if the long range plan does not adequately address the challenges or opportunities we face, our financial condition and results of operations may be adversely affected.
The athletic footwear and apparel industry is subject to changing fashion trends and customer preferences. We cannot guarantee that our merchandise selection will accurately reflect customer preferences when it is offered for sale or that we will be able to identify and respond quickly to fashion changes, particularly given the long lead times for ordering much of our merchandise from vendors. A substantial portion of our highest margin sales are to young males (ages 1225), many of whom we believe purchase athletic footwear and athletic and licensed apparel as a fashion statement and are frequent purchasers. Any shift in fashion trends that would make athletic footwear or licensed apparel less attractive to these customers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Both the NFL and NBA have collective bargaining agreements that are due to expire in the current year. The possibility of a strike of either one or both of these leagues may result in a decline of sales of licensed product as well as player endorsed footwear.
The retail athletic footwear and apparel business is highly competitive with relatively low barriers to entry. Our athletic footwear and apparel operations compete primarily with athletic footwear specialty stores, sporting goods stores and superstores, department stores, discount stores, traditional shoe stores, and mass merchandisers, many of which are units of national or regional chains that have significant financial and marketing resources. The principal competitive factors in our markets are price, quality, selection of merchandise, reputation, store location, advertising, and customer service. Our success also depends on our ability to differentiate ourselves from our competitors with respect to shopping convenience, a quality assortment of available merchandise and superior customer service. We cannot assure you that we will continue to be able to compete successfully against existing or future competitors. Our expansion into markets served by our competitors and entry of new competitors or expansion of existing competitors into our markets could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Although we sell merchandise via the Internet, a significant shift in customer buying patterns to purchasing athletic footwear, athletic apparel, and sporting goods via the Internet could have a material adverse effect on our business results.
In addition, all of our significant vendors distribute products directly through the Internet and others may follow. Some vendors operate retail stores and some have indicated that further retail stores will open. Should this continue to occur, and if our customers decide to purchase directly from our vendors, it could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
We must maintain sufficient inventory levels to operate our business successfully. However, we also must guard against accumulating excess inventory. For example, we order the bulk of our athletic footwear four to six months prior to delivery to our stores. If we fail to anticipate accurately either the market for the merchandise in our stores or our customers purchasing habits, we may be forced to rely on markdowns or promotional sales to dispose of excess or slow moving inventory, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
Our stores in the United States and Canada are located primarily in enclosed regional and neighborhood malls. Our sales are dependent, in part, on the volume of mall traffic. Mall traffic may be adversely affected by, among other things, economic downturns, the closing of anchor department stores, and a decline in the popularity of mall shopping among our target customers. Further, any terrorist act, natural disaster, or public health concern that decreases the level of mall traffic, which affects our ability to open and operate stores in affected areas, could have a material adverse effect on our business.
To take advantage of customer traffic and the shopping preferences of our customers, we need to maintain or acquire stores in desirable locations such as in regional and neighborhood malls anchored by major department stores. We cannot be certain that desirable mall locations will continue to be available. Some traditional enclosed malls are experiencing significantly lower levels of customer traffic, driven by the overall poor economic conditions, as well as the closure of certain mall anchor tenants.
Several large landlords dominate the ownership of prime malls, particularly in the United States, and because of our dependence upon these landlords for a substantial number of our locations, any significant erosion of their financial condition or our relationships with these landlords would negatively affect our ability to obtain and retain store locations. Additionally, further landlord consolidation may negatively affect our ability to negotiate favorable lease terms.
Natural disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and tornados may affect store and distribution center operations. In addition, acts of terrorism, acts of war, and military action both in the United States and abroad can have a significant effect on economic conditions and may negatively affect our ability to purchase merchandise from vendors for sale to our customers. Public health issues, such as flu or other pandemics, whether occurring in the United States or abroad, could disrupt our operations and result in a significant part of our workforce being unable to operate or maintain our infrastructure or perform other tasks necessary to conduct our business. Additionally, public health issues may disrupt the operations of our suppliers, our operations, our customers, or have an adverse effect on customer demand. We may be required to suspend operations in some or all of our locations, which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Any significant declines in public safety concerns or uncertainties regarding future economic prospects that affect customer spending habits could have a material adverse effect on customer purchases of our products.
Our business is dependent to a significant degree upon our ability to obtain exclusive product and the ability to purchase brand-name merchandise at competitive prices. In addition, our vendors provide volume discounts, cooperative advertising, and markdown allowances, as well as the ability to negotiate returns of excess or unneeded merchandise. We cannot be certain that such assistance from our vendors will continue in the future.
The Company purchased approximately 82 percent of its merchandise in 2010 from its top five vendors and expects to continue to obtain a significant percentage of its athletic product from these vendors in future periods. Approximately 63 percent was purchased from one vendor Nike, Inc. (Nike). Each of our operating divisions is highly dependent on Nike; they individually purchase 46 to 81 percent of their merchandise from Nike. Merchandise that is high profile and in high demand is allocated by our vendors based upon their internal criteria. Although we have generally been able to purchase sufficient quantities of this merchandise in the past, we cannot be certain that our vendors will continue to allocate sufficient amounts of such merchandise to us in the future. Our inability to obtain merchandise in a timely manner from major suppliers (particularly Nike) as a result of business decisions by our suppliers or any disruption in the supply chain could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. Because of our strong dependence on Nike, any adverse development in Nikes reputation, financial condition or results of operations or the inability of Nike to develop and manufacture products that appeal to our target customers could also have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. We cannot be certain that we will be able to acquire merchandise at competitive prices or on competitive terms in the future.
These risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
We advertise and promote our merchandise through print catalogs and other promotional materials mailed to consumers or displayed in our stores. As a result, significant increases in paper, printing, and postage costs could increase the cost of producing promotional and other materials and, as a result, may have a material adverse effect on our operating income.
Our comparable-store sales have fluctuated significantly in the past, on both an annual and a quarterly basis, and we expect them to continue to fluctuate in the future. A variety of factors affect our comparable-store sales results, including, among others, fashion trends, the highly competitive retail store sales environment, economic conditions, timing of promotional events, changes in our merchandise mix, calendar shifts of holiday periods, and weather conditions. Many of our products, particularly high-end athletic footwear and licensed apparel, represent discretionary purchases. Accordingly, customer demand for these products could decline in a recession or if our customers develop other priorities for their discretionary spending. These risks could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
There has been an increasing focus and continuous debate on global climate change recently, including increased attention from regulatory agencies and legislative bodies globally. This increased focus may lead to new initiatives directed at regulating an as yet unspecified array of environmental matters. Legislative, regulatory or other efforts in the United States to combat climate change could result in future increases in taxes or in the cost of transportation and utilities, which could decrease our operating profits and could necessitate future additional investments in facilities and equipment. We are unable to predict the potential effects that any such future environmental initiatives may have on our business.
A significant portion of our sales and operating income for 2010 were attributable to our operations in Europe, Canada, New Zealand, and Australia. As a result, our business is subject to the risks associated with doing business outside of the United States such as foreign customer preferences, political unrest, disruptions or delays in shipments, and changes in economic conditions in countries in which we operate. Although we enter into forward foreign exchange contracts and option contracts to reduce the effect of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, our operations may be adversely affected by significant changes in the value of the U.S. dollar as it relates to certain foreign currencies.
In addition, because we and our suppliers have a substantial amount of our products manufactured in foreign countries, our ability to obtain sufficient quantities of merchandise on favorable terms may be affected by governmental regulations, trade restrictions, and economic, labor, and other conditions in the countries from which our suppliers obtain their product.
The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and similar worldwide anti-corruption laws, including the U.K. Bribery Act of 2010, which it is anticipated will become effective in 2011 and is broader in scope than the FCPA, generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to non-U.S. officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our internal policies mandate compliance with these anti-corruption laws. Despite our training and compliance programs, we cannot be assured that our internal control policies and procedures will always protect us from reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or agents. Our continued expansion outside the U.S., including in developing countries, could increase the risk of such violations in the future. Violations of these laws, or allegations of such violations, could disrupt our business and result in a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.
The Companys performance is subject to global economic conditions and the related impact on consumer spending levels. Some of the factors affecting consumer spending are employment, levels of consumer debt, reductions in net worth as a result of market declines, residential real estate and mortgage markets, taxation, fuel and energy prices, interest rates, and consumer confidence, as well as other macroeconomic factors. Consumer purchases of discretionary items, including merchandise we sell, generally decline during recessionary periods and other periods where disposable income is adversely affected and customers may be hesitant to use available credit. The downturn in the global economy may continue to affect customer purchases for the foreseeable future and may adversely impact our business, financial condition, and results of operations. In addition, declines in our profitability could result in a charge to earnings for the impairment of long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets, which would not affect our cash flow but could decrease our earnings, and our stock price could be adversely affected.
Uncertain economic conditions may constrain our ability to obtain credit. Domestic and global credit and equity markets have recently undergone significant disruption, making it difficult for many businesses to obtain financing on acceptable terms or at all. Although we currently have a revolving credit agreement in place until 2013 and do not have any borrowings under it (other than amounts used for standby letters of credit), tightening of credit markets could make it more difficult for us to access funds, refinance our existing indebtedness, enter into agreements for new indebtedness or obtain funding through the issuance of the Companys securities. Additionally, our borrowing costs can be affected by independent rating agencies ratings, which are based largely on our performance as measured by credit metrics, including lease-adjusted leverage ratios.
In addition, instability in the financial markets may have a negative effect on businesses around the world, and the impact on our major suppliers cannot be predicted. The Company relies on a few key vendors for a majority of its merchandise purchases (including a significant portion from one key vendor). The inability of key suppliers to access liquidity, or the insolvency of key suppliers, could lead to their failure to deliver our merchandise. Our inability to obtain merchandise in a timely manner from major suppliers could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
We review our long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets when events indicate that the carrying value of such assets may be impaired. Goodwill and other indefinite lived intangible assets are reviewed for impairment if impairment indicators arise and, at a minimum, annually. We determine fair value based on a combination of a discounted cash flow approach and market-based approach. If an impairment trigger is identified, the carrying value is compared to its estimated fair value and provisions for impairment are recorded as appropriate. Impairment losses are significantly affected by estimates of future operating cash flows and estimates of fair value. Our estimates of future operating cash flows are identified from our three-year plans, which are based upon our experience, knowledge, and expectations; however, these estimates can be affected by such factors as our future operating results, future store profitability, and future economic conditions, all of which can be difficult to predict. Similar to others in our industry, the recent macroeconomic conditions have affected our performance and it is difficult to predict how long these economic conditions will continue and which aspects of our business may be adversely affected. The continuation of these conditions could affect the fair value of our long-lived assets, goodwill and other intangible assets and could result in future impairment charges, which would adversely affect our results of operations.
At January 29, 2011, our cash and cash equivalents totaled $696 million. The majority of our investments were short-term deposits in highly-rated banking institutions. We retain a substantial portion of our cash in foreign jurisdictions for future reinvestment. We regularly monitor our counterparty credit risk and mitigate our exposure by making short-term investments only in highly-rated institutions and by limiting the amount we invest in any one institution. The Company continually monitors the creditworthiness of its counterparties. At January 29, 2011, most of the investments were in institutions rated A or better from a major credit rating agency. Despite those ratings, it is possible that the value or liquidity of our investments may decline due to any number of factors, including general market conditions and bank-specific credit issues.
The trust which holds the assets of our U.S. pension plan has assets totaling $511 million at January 29, 2011. The fair values of these assets held in the trust are compared to the plans projected benefit obligation to determine the pension funding liability. We attempt to mitigate risk through diversification, and we regularly monitor investment risk on our portfolio through quarterly investment portfolio reviews and periodic asset and liability studies. Despite these measures, it is possible that the value of our portfolio may decline in the future due to any number of factors, including general market conditions and credit issues. Such declines could have an impact on the funded status of our pension plans and future funding requirements.
We are a U.S.-based multinational company subject to tax in multiple U.S. and foreign tax jurisdictions. Our provision for income taxes is based on a jurisdictional mix of earnings, statutory rates, and enacted tax rules, including transfer pricing. Significant judgment is required in determining our provision for income taxes and in evaluating our tax positions on a worldwide basis. Our effective tax rate could be adversely affected by a number of factors, including shifts in the mix of pretax profits and losses by tax jurisdiction, our ability to use tax credits, changes in tax laws or related interpretations in the jurisdictions in which we operate, and tax assessments and related interest and penalties resulting from income tax audits.
A substantial portion of our cash and investments is invested outside of the U.S. As we plan to permanently reinvest our foreign earnings, in accordance with U.S. GAAP, we have not provided for U.S. federal and state income taxes or foreign withholding taxes that may result from future remittances of undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries. Recent proposals to reform U.S. tax rules may result in a reduction or elimination of the deferral of U.S. income tax on our foreign earnings, which could adversely affect our effective tax rate. Any of these changes could have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
In addition, our products are subject to import and excise duties and/or sales or value-added taxes in many jurisdictions. Fluctuations in tax rates and duties and changes in tax legislation or regulation could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
We operate four distribution centers worldwide to support our businesses. In addition to the distribution centers that we operate, we have third-party arrangements to support our operations in the U.S., Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. If complications arise with any facility or any facility is severely damaged or destroyed, the Companys other distribution centers may not be able to support the resulting additional distribution demands. This may adversely affect our ability to deliver inventory on a timely basis. We depend upon third-party carriers for shipment of a significant amount of merchandise. An interruption in service by these carriers for any reason could cause temporary disruptions in our business, a loss of sales and profits, and other material adverse effects.
Our freight cost is affected by changes in fuel prices through surcharges. Increases in fuel prices and surcharges and other factors may increase freight costs and thereby increase our cost of sales. We enter into diesel fuel forward and option contracts to mitigate a portion of the risk associated with the variability caused by these surcharges.
We depend on information systems to process transactions, manage inventory, operate our websites, purchase, sell and ship goods on a timely basis, and maintain cost-efficient operations. Any material disruption or slowdown of our systems could cause information to be lost or delayed, which could have a negative effect on our business. We may experience operational problems with our information systems as a result of system failures, viruses, computer hackers or other causes. We cannot be assured that our systems will be adequate to support future growth.
Our Internet operations are subject to numerous risks, including risks related to the failure of the computer systems that operate our websites and their related support systems, including computer viruses, telecommunications failures and similar disruptions. Also, we may require additional capital in the future to sustain or grow our online commerce.
Business risks related to online commerce include risks associated with the need to keep pace with rapid technological change, Internet security risks, risks of system failure or inadequacy, governmental regulation and legal uncertainties with respect to the Internet, and collection of sales or other taxes by additional states or foreign jurisdictions. If any of these risks materializes, it could have a material adverse effect on the Companys business.
As part of the Companys normal course of business, it collects, processes, and retains sensitive and confidential customer information. Despite the security measures the Company has in place, its facilities and systems, and those of its third party providers may be vulnerable to security breaches, acts of vandalism, computer viruses, misplaced or lost data, programming and/or human error, or other similar events. Any security breach involving the misappropriation, loss or other unauthorized disclosure of confidential information by the Company could severely damage its reputation, expose it to the risks of litigation and liability, disrupt its operations and harm its business.
Future performance will depend upon our ability to attract, retain, and motivate our executive and senior management team, as well as store personnel and field management. Our success depends to a significant extent both upon the continued services of our current executive and senior management team, as well as our ability to attract, hire, motivate, and retain additional qualified management in the future. Competition for key executives in the retail industry is intense, and our operations could be adversely affected if we cannot attract and retain qualified associates. Many of the store and field associates are in entry level or part-time positions with historically high rates of turnover. Our ability to meet our labor needs while controlling costs is subject to external factors such as unemployment levels, prevailing wage rates, minimum wage legislation, and changing demographics. If we are unable to attract and retain quality associates, our ability to meet our growth goals or to sustain expected levels of profitability may be compromised. In addition, a large number of our retail employees are paid the prevailing minimum wage, which if increased would negatively affect our profitability.
There is a possibility that regulations or legislation may be enacted in the United States along the lines of the proposed Employee Free Choice Act, which, if adopted or enacted, could significantly change the nature of labor relations in the United States, specifically, how union elections and contract negotiations are conducted. It would be easier for unions to win elections and we could face arbitrator-imposed labor scheduling, costs, and standards. Therefore, this legislation or regulations could impose more labor relations requirements and union activity on our business, thereby potentially increasing our costs, and could have a material adverse effect on our overall competitive position.
In 2010, Congress enacted comprehensive health care reform legislation which, among other things, includes guaranteed coverage requirements, eliminates pre-existing condition exclusions and annual and lifetime maximum limits, restricts the extent to which policies can be rescinded, and imposes new and significant taxes on health insurers and health care benefits. Due to the breadth and complexity of the health reform legislation, the current lack of implementing regulations and interpretive guidance, and the phased-in nature of the implementation, it is difficult to predict the overall effect of the statute and related regulations on our business over the coming years. Possible adverse effects of the health reform legislation include increased costs, exposure to expanded liability and requirements for us to revise ways in which we conduct business.
We are exposed to the risk that federal or state legislation may negatively impact our operations. Changes in federal or state wage requirements, employee rights, health care, social welfare or entitlement programs such as health insurance, paid leave programs, or other changes in workplace regulation or tax rates could increase our cost of doing business or otherwise adversely affect our operations. Additionally, we are regularly involved in various litigation matters, including class actions and patent infringement claims, which arise in the ordinary course of our business. Litigation or regulatory developments could adversely affect our business operations and financial performance.
We must continue to document, test, monitor, and enhance our internal controls over financial reporting in order to satisfy all of the requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. We cannot be assured that our disclosure controls and procedures and our internal controls over financial reporting required under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act will prove to be completely adequate in the future. Failure to fully comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 could negatively affect our business, the price of our common stock, and market confidence in our reported financial information.
|Item 1B.||Unresolved Staff Comments|
The properties of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries consist of land, leased stores, administrative facilities, and distribution centers. Gross square footage and total selling area for the Athletic Stores segment at the end of 2010 were approximately 12.64 and 7.54 million square feet, respectively. These properties, which are primarily leased, are located in the United States, Canada, various European countries, Australia, and New Zealand.
The Company currently operates four distribution centers, of which two are owned and two are leased, occupying an aggregate of 2.4 million square feet. Three of the four distribution centers are located in the United States and one is in the Netherlands.
|Item 3.||Legal Proceedings|
Information regarding the Companys legal proceedings is contained in the Legal Proceedings note under Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
|Item 4.||[Removed and Reserved]|
Information with respect to Executive Officers of the Company, as of March 28, 2011, is set forth below:
|Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer||Ken C. Hicks|
|President and Chief Executive Officer Foot Locker, Inc. International||Ronald J. Halls|
|President and Chief Executive Officer Foot Locker U.S., Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker and Footaction||Richard A. Johnson|
|Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer||Robert W. McHugh|
|Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Secretary||Gary M. Bahler|
|Senior Vice President Real Estate||Jeffrey L. Berk|
|Senior Vice President Chief Information Officer||Peter D. Brown|
|Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer||Giovanna Cipriano|
|Senior Vice President Strategic Planning||Lauren B. Peters|
|Senior Vice President Human Resources||Laurie J. Petrucci|
|Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations||John A. Maurer|
Ken C. Hicks, age 58, has served as Chairman of the Board since January 31, 2010 and President and Chief Executive Officer since August 17, 2009. Mr. Hicks served as President and Chief Merchandising Officer of J.C. Penney Company, Inc. (JC Penney) from 2005 through 2009. He was President and Chief Operating Officer of Stores and Merchandise Operations of JC Penney from 2002 through 2004, and he served as President of Payless ShoeSource, Inc. from 1999 to 2002. Mr. Hicks is also a director of Avery Dennison Corporation.
Ronald J. Halls, age 57, has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker, Inc. International since October 2006. He served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Champs Sports, an operating division of the Company, from February 2003 to October 2006 and as Chief Operating Officer of Champs Sports from February 2000 to February 2003.
Richard A. Johnson, age 53, has served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker U.S., Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, and Footaction since January 2010. He served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Foot Locker Europe, an operating division of the Company, from August 2007 to January 2010; President and Chief Executive Officer of Footlocker.com/Eastbay, an operating division of the Company, from April 2003 to August 2007 and President and Chief Operating Officer of Footlocker.com/Eastbay from July 2000 to April 2003.
Robert W. McHugh, age 52, has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since May 2009. He served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer from November 2005 through April 2009. He served as Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer from January 2000 to November 2005.
Gary M. Bahler, age 59, has served as Senior Vice President since August 1998, General Counsel since February 1993 and Secretary since February 1990.
Jeffrey L. Berk, age 55, has served as Senior Vice President Real Estate since February 2000.
Peter D. Brown, age 56, has served as Senior Vice President Chief Information Officer since February 2011. He served as Senior Vice President, Chief Information Officer and Investor Relations from September 2006 to February 2011; and as Vice President Investor Relations and Treasurer from October 2001 to September 2006.
Giovanna Cipriano, age 41, has served as Senior Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer since May 2009. Ms. Cipriano served as Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer from November 2005 through April 2009. She served as Divisional Vice President, Financial Controller from June 2002 to November 2005.
Lauren B. Peters, age 49, has served as Senior Vice President Strategic Planning since April 2002. Ms. Peters served as Vice President Planning from January 2000 to April 2002.
Laurie J. Petrucci, age 52, has served as Senior Vice President Human Resources since May 2001.
John A. Maurer, age 51, has served as Vice President, Treasurer and Investor Relations since February 2011. Mr. Maurer served as Vice President and Treasurer from September 2006 to February 2011. He served as Divisional Vice President and Assistant Treasurer from April 2006 to September 2006 and as Assistant Treasurer from April 2002 to April 2006.
There are no family relationships among the executive officers or directors of the Company.
|Item 5.||Market for the Companys Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities|
Foot Locker, Inc. common stock is listed on The New York Stock Exchange as well as on the Börse Stuttgart stock exchange in Germany. In addition, the stock is traded on the Cincinnati stock exchange. At January 29, 2011, the Company had 19,286 shareholders of record owning 154,620,118 common shares. During each of the quarters of 2010 and 2009, the Company declared dividends of $0.15 per share. The following table sets forth, for the period indicated, the intra-day high and low sales prices for the Companys common stock:
The following table provides information with respect to shares of the Companys common stock that the Company repurchased during the thirteen weeks ended January 29, 2011.
|Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Program(1)||Approximate
Dollar Value of Shares that may
yet be Purchased Under the Program(1)
|Oct. 31, 2010 through Nov. 27, 2010||||$||||||$||214,406,176|
|Nov. 28, 2010 through Jan. 1, 2011||615,000||19.38||615,000||$||202,484,858|
|Jan. 2, 2011 through Jan. 29, 2011||90,000||19.75||90,000||$||200,707,001|
|(1)||On February 16, 2010, the Companys Board of Directors approved the extension of the Companys 2007 common share repurchase program for an additional three years in the amount of $250 million. During 2010, the Company repurchased 3,215,000 shares of common stock at a cost of approximately $50 million. The Company repurchased 705,000 shares of common stock during the fourth quarter at a cost of approximately $14 million.|
The following graph compares the cumulative five-year total return to shareholders on Foot Locker, Inc.s common stock relative to the total returns of the S&P 400 Retailing Index and the Russell 2000 Index.
|Item 6.||Selected Financial Data|
The selected financial data below should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes thereto and other information contained elsewhere in this report.
|($ in millions, except per share amounts)||2010||2009||2008||2007||2006(1)|
|Summary of Continuing Operations
|Selling, general, and administrative expenses||1,138||1,099||1,174||1,176||1,163|
|Impairment and other charges||10||41||259||128||17|
|Depreciation and amortization||106||112||130||166||175|
|Interest expense, net||9||10||5||1||3|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations||169||47||(79||)||43||247|
|Cumulative effect of accounting change(2)||||||||||1|
|Basic earnings per share from continuing operations||1.08||0.30||(0.52||)||0.29||1.59|
|Basic earnings per share from cumulative effect of accounting change(2)||||||||||0.01|
|Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations||1.07||0.30||(0.52||)||0.28||1.58|
|Diluted earnings per share from cumulative effect of accounting change(2)|||||||||||
|Common stock dividends declared per share||0.60||0.60||0.60||0.50||0.40|
|Weighted-average common shares outstanding (in millions)||155.7||156.0||154.0||154.0||155.0|
|Weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution (in millions)||156.7||156.3||154.0||155.6||156.8|
|Cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments||$||696||589||408||493||470|
|Property and equipment, net||386||387||432||521||654|
|Long-term debt and obligations under capital leases||137||138||142||221||234|
|Total shareholders equity||2,025||1,948||1,924||2,261||2,295|
|Operating profit (loss) as a % of sales||5.2||%||1.6||(2.0||)||(0.9||)||6.6|
|Earnings before interest and taxes||$||266||83||(95||)||(49||)||395|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations as a % of sales||3.3||%||1.0||(1.5||)||0.8||4.3|
|Return on assets (ROA)||5.9||%||1.7||(2.6||)||1.3||7.5|
|Net debt capitalization percent(3)||39.0||%||43.0||46.7||45.1||44.4|
|Sales per average gross square foot(4)||$||360||333||350||352||372|
|Number of stores at year end||3,426||3,500||3,641||3,785||3,942|
|Total selling square footage at year end (in millions)||7.54||7.74||8.09||8.50||8.74|
|Total gross square footage at year end (in millions)||12.64||12.96||13.50||14.12||14.55|
|(1)||2006 represents the 53 weeks ended February 3, 2007.|
|(2)||2006 relates to the adoption of authoritative accounting guidance for share-based compensation.|
|(3)||Represents total debt, net of cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments and includes the effect of interest rate swaps. The effect of interest rate swaps increased/(decreased) debt by $17 million, $18 million, $19 million, $4 million, and $(4) million, at January 29, 2011, January 30, 2010, January 31, 2009, February 2, 2008, and February 3, 2007, respectively. Additionally, this calculation includes the present value of operating leases, and accordingly is considered a non-GAAP measure.|
|(4)||Calculated as Athletic Store sales divided by the average monthly ending gross square footage of the last thirteen months.|
|Item 7.||Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations|
Foot Locker, Inc., through its subsidiaries, operates in two reportable segments Athletic Stores and Direct-to-Customers. The Athletic Stores segment is one of the largest athletic footwear and apparel retailers in the world, whose formats include Foot Locker, Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Champs Sports, Footaction, and CCS. The Direct-to-Customers segment reflects CCS and Footlocker.com, Inc., which sells, through its affiliates, including Eastbay, Inc., to customers through catalogs, mobile devices, and Internet websites.
The Foot Locker brand is one of the most widely recognized names in the market segments in which the Company operates, epitomizing high quality for the active lifestyle customer. This brand equity has aided the Companys ability to successfully develop and increase its portfolio of complementary retail store formats, specifically Lady Foot Locker and Kids Foot Locker, as well as Footlocker.com, its direct-to-customers business. Through various marketing channels, including broadcast, digital, print, and sponsorships of various sporting events, the Company reinforces its image with a consistent message- namely, that it is the destination store for athletically inspired shoes and apparel with a wide selection of merchandise in a full-service environment.
January 30, 2010
January 29, 2011
|Lady Foot Locker||415||||37||378|
|Kids Foot Locker||301||5||12||294|
|Total Athletic Stores||3,500||43||117||3,426|
The Company operates 3,426 stores in the Athletic Stores segment. The following is a brief description of the Athletic Stores segments operating businesses:
Foot Locker Sneaker Central Foot Locker is a leading global athletic footwear and apparel retailer. Its stores offer the latest in athletic-inspired performance products, manufactured primarily by the leading athletic brands. Foot Locker offers products for a wide variety of activities including basketball, running, and training. Its 1,895 stores are located in 21 countries including 1,144 in the United States, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam, 129 in Canada, 529 in Europe, and a combined 93 in Australia and New Zealand. The domestic stores have an average of 2,400 selling square feet and the international stores have an average of 1,500 selling square feet.
Lady Foot Locker The Place for Her Lady Foot Locker is a leading U.S. retailer of athletic footwear, apparel and accessories for active women. Its stores carry major athletic footwear and apparel brands, as well as casual wear and an assortment of apparel designed for a variety of activities, including running, walking, training, and fitness. Its 378 stores are located in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and have an average of 1,300 selling square feet.
Kids Foot Locker Where Kids Come First Kids Foot Locker is a national childrens athletic retailer that offers the largest selection of brand-name athletic footwear, apparel and accessories for children. Its stores feature an environment geared to appeal to both parents and children. Its 294 stores are located in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands and have an average of 1,400 selling square feet.
Champs Sports Official Providers of Game Champs Sports is one of the largest mall-based specialty athletic footwear and apparel retailers in North America. Its product categories include athletic footwear, apparel and accessories, and a focused assortment of equipment. This combination allows Champs Sports to differentiate itself from other mall-based stores by presenting complete product assortments in a select number of sporting activities. Its 540 stores are located throughout the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Champs Sports stores have an average of 3,500 selling square feet.
Footaction Head to Toe Sport Inspired Style Footaction is a national athletic footwear and apparel retailer. The primary customers are young males that seek street-inspired athletic styles. Its 307 stores are located throughout the United States and Puerto Rico and focus on marquee footwear and branded apparel. The Footaction stores have an average of 2,900 selling square feet.
CCS Largest Deck Selection CCS serves the needs of the 10-18 year old skateboard enthusiast while maintaining credibility with core skaters of all ages. This format complements the CCS catalog and internet business, which was acquired in November 2008. During 2009, the Company opened two stores under the banner of CCS. This concept was expanded to 12 stores in 2010, all of which are located in the United States and average 1,700 selling square feet.
The Companys Direct-to-Customers segment is multi-branded and multi-channeled. This segment sells, through its affiliates, directly to customers through catalogs and its Internet websites. Eastbay, one of the affiliates, is among the largest direct marketers in the United States, providing the high school athlete with a complete sports solution including athletic footwear, apparel, equipment, team licensed, and private-label merchandise. In 2008, the Company purchased CCS, an Internet and catalog retailer of skateboard equipment, apparel, footwear, and accessories targeted primarily to teenaged boys. The retail store operations of CCS are included in the Athletic Stores segment. The Direct-to-Customers segment operates the website for eastbay.com, final-score.com, and teamsales.eastbay.com. Additionally this segment operates websites aligned with the brand names of its store banners (footlocker.com, ladyfootlocker.com, kidsfootlocker.com, footaction.com, champssports.com, and ccs.com).
In March of 2006, the Company entered into a ten-year area development agreement with the Alshaya Trading Co. W.L.L., in which the Company agreed to enter into separate license agreements for the operation of Foot Locker stores located within the Middle East, subject to certain restrictions. Additionally, in March 2007, the Company entered into a ten-year agreement with another third party for the exclusive right to open and operate Foot Locker stores in the Republic of Korea. A total of 26 franchised stores were operating at January 29, 2011. Royalty income from the franchised stores was not significant for any of the periods presented. These stores are not included in the Companys operating store count above.
The Company recorded net income from continuing operations of $169 million or $1.07 per diluted share for 2010; this compares with $47 million or $0.30 per diluted share for the prior-year period. Other highlights include:
|||Sales increased by 4.0 percent and comparable-store sales increased by 5.8 percent as compared with the corresponding prior-year period.|
|||Gross margin increased 260 basis points in 2010 as compared with 2009. Included in cost of sales for 2009 is a $14 million charge to reserve for inventory as the Company began its transition to a new apparel strategy.|
|||The Company recorded a charge of $10 million in 2010 to impair the CCS tradename intangible asset due to the lower projected revenues for this division. Included in 2009 are impairment charges totaling $36 million, of which $32 million was recorded to impair store long-lived assets within the Athletic Stores segment and $4 million related to a write-off of certain software development costs within the Direct-to-Customers segment.|
|||The Company recorded a $2 million gain in 2010 on the settlement on its money-market investment in the Reserve International Liquidity Fund, Ltd. (the Fund). During 2008, the Company had recognized an impairment loss of $3 million representing the decreased value of the underlying securities of Lehman Brothers held in the Fund. These amounts were recorded with no tax expense or benefit.|
Other highlights include:
|||Cash and cash equivalents at January 29, 2011 were $696 million, representing an increase of $114 million.|
|||Cash flow provided from operations was $326 million, which included the payment on the settlement of the net investment hedge of $24 million and qualified pension contribution totaling $32 million. The funded status of the qualified plans improved to 93 percent as compared with 87 percent in 2009.|
|||Dividends totaling $93 million were declared and paid. Effective with the first quarter 2011 dividend payment, the dividend was increased by 10 percent to $0.165 per share.|
In March 2010, the Company announced a new strategic plan, which includes a series of operating initiatives and long-term financial objectives. We consider the following financial objectives in assessing our performance pursuant to the strategic plan:
|||Sales of $6 billion|
|||Sales per gross square foot of $400|
|||EBIT margin of 8 percent|
|||Net income margin of 5 percent|
|||Return on Invested Capital of 10 percent|
In the following tables, the Company has presented certain financial measures and ratios identified as non-GAAP. The Company believes this non-GAAP information is a useful measure to investors because it allows for a more direct comparison of the Companys performance for 2010 as compared with 2009 and is useful in assessing the Companys progress in achieving its long-term financial objectives noted above. The following represents a reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures:
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes Reported||$||257||$||73||$||(100||)|
|Pre-tax amounts excluded from GAAP
|Impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets||10||||169|
|Impairment of assets||||36||67|
|Store closing program||||||5|
|Money market impairment||||||3|
|Northern Group note impairment||||||15|
|Impairment and other charges||10||41||259|
|Inventory reserve recorded within cost of sales||||14|||
|Money market realized gain recorded within other income||(2||)|||||
|Total pre-tax amounts excluded||$||8||$||55||$||259|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes Adjusted||$||265||$||128||$||159|
|Calculation of EBIT:
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes Reported||$||257||$||73||$||(100||)|
|Interest expense, net||9||10||5|
|EBIT margin %||5.3||%||1.7||%||(1.8%)|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes Adjusted||$||265||$||128||$||159|
|Interest expense, net||9||10||5|
|Adjusted EBIT margin %||5.4||%||2.8||%||3.1||%|
Reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures, continued:
|(in millions, except per share amounts)|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations Reported||$||169||$||47||$||(79||)|
|After-tax amounts excluded||4||34||185|
|Canadian tax rate changes excluded||||4|||
|Income (loss) from continuing operations after-tax Adjusted||$||173||$||85||$||106|
|Net income margin %||3.3||%||1.0||%||(1.5%)|
|Adjusted Net income margin %||3.4||%||1.8||%||2.0||%|
|Diluted earnings per share:
|Income (loss) from continuing operations Reported||$||1.07||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
|Impairment and other charges||0.04||0.16||1.20|
|Money-market realized gain||(0.01||)|||||
|Canadian tax rate changes||||0.02|||
|Income from continuing operations Adjusted||$||1.10||$||0.54||$||0.68|
When assessing Return on Invested Capital (ROIC), the Company adjusts its results to reflect its operating leases as if they qualified for capital lease treatment. Operating leases are the primary financing vehicle used to fund store expansion and, therefore, we believe that the presentation of these leases as capital leases is appropriate. Accordingly, the asset base and net income amounts in the calculation of ROIC are adjusted to reflect this. ROIC, subject to certain adjustments, is also used as a measure in executive long-term incentive compensation. The closest GAAP measure is Return on Assets (ROA) and is also represented below. ROA increased to 5.9 percent as compared with 1.7 percent in the prior year reflecting the Companys overall strong performance in 2010.
|(1)||Represents income (loss) from continuing operations of $169 million, $47 million, and $(79) million divided by average total assets of $2,856 million, $2,847 million, and $3,060 million for 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively.|
|(2)||See below for the calculation of ROIC.|
|+ Rent expense less depreciation on capitalized operating leases(3)||156||156||162|
|- Adjusted income tax expense(3)||(153||)||(104||)||(114||)|
|= Adjusted return after taxes||$||277||$||190||$||212|
|Average total assets||$||2,856||$||2,847||$||3,060|
|- Average cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments||(642||)||(499||)||(451||)|
|- Average non-interest bearing current liabilities||(461||)||(425||)||(464||)|
|- Average merchandise inventories||(1,048||)||(1,079||)||(1,201||)|
|+ Average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases(3)||1,443||1,500||1,580|
|+ 13-month average merchandise inventories||1,177||1,268||1,378|
|= Average invested capital||$||3,325||$||3,612||$||3,902|
|(3)||The determination of the capitalized assets and the adjustments to income have been calculated on a lease-by-lease basis and have been consistently calculated in each of the years presented above. The adjusted income tax expense represents the tax on adjusted pre-tax return.|
The following table represents a summary of sales and operating results, reconciled to income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes.
|Division profit (loss)||359||147||(16||)|
|Less: Corporate expense(4)||97||67||87|
|Operating profit (loss)||262||80||(103||)|
|Earnings before interest expense and income taxes||266||83||(95||)|
|Interest expense, net||9||10||5|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes||$||257||$||73||$||(100||)|
|(1)||The year ended January 30, 2010 includes non-cash impairment charges totaling $32 million, which were recorded to write-down long-lived assets such as store fixtures and leasehold improvements at the Companys Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Footaction, and Champs Sports divisions. The year ended January 31, 2009 includes a $241 million charge representing long-lived store asset impairment, goodwill and other intangibles impairment, and store closing costs related to the Companys U.S. operations.|
|(2)||Included in the results for the year ended January 29, 2011 is a non-cash impairment charge of $10 million to write-down the CCS tradename intangible asset. Included in the results for the year ended January 30, 2010 is a non-cash impairment charge of $4 million to write off software development costs.|
|(3)||During the year ended January 30, 2010, the Company adjusted its 1999 restructuring reserves to reflect a favorable lease termination.|
|(4)||During the fourth quarter of 2009, the Company restructured its organization by consolidating the Lady Foot Locker, Foot Locker U.S., Kids Foot Locker, and Footaction businesses in addition to reducing corporate staff, resulting in a $5 million charge. Included in corporate expense for the year ended January 31, 2009 is a $3 million other-than-temporary impairment charge related to the investment in the Reserve International Liquidity Fund. Additionally, for the year ended January 31, 2009 the Company recorded a $15 million impairment charge on the Northern Group note receivable.|
|(5)||Other income includes non-operating items, such as gains from insurance recoveries, gains on the repurchase and retirement of bonds, royalty income, the changes in fair value, premiums paid and realized gains associated with foreign currency option contracts. Included in the year ended January 29, 2011 is a $2 million gain to reflect the Companys settlement of its investment in the Reserve International Liquidity Fund.|
All references to comparable-store sales for a given period relate to sales from stores that are open at the period-end, that have been open for more than one year, and exclude the effect of foreign currency fluctuations. Accordingly, stores opened and closed during the period are not included. Sales from the Direct-to-Customers segment are included in the calculation of comparable-store sales for all periods presented. Sales from acquired businesses that include the purchase of inventory are included in the computation of comparable-store sales after 15 months of operations. Accordingly, effective with the first quarter of 2010, CCS internet and catalog sales have been included in the computation of comparable-store sales.
Sales increased to $5,049 million, or by 4.0 percent as compared with 2009. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, sales increased 4.6 percent as compared with 2009. Comparable-store sales increased by 5.8 percent.
Sales of $4,854 million in 2009 decreased by 7.3 percent from sales of $5,237 million in 2008. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, sales declined 6.1 percent as compared with 2008. Comparable-store sales decreased by 6.3 percent.
Gross margin as a percentage of sales was 30.0 percent in 2010 increasing 260 basis points as compared with 2009. In 2009, the Company recorded a $14 million inventory reserve on certain aged apparel as part of its new apparel strategy. Excluding this charge, gross margin would have increased by 230 basis points as compared with 2009. This increase reflected an increase of 150 basis points in the merchandise margin rate reflecting lower markdowns as the Company was less promotional during the year as compared with the prior year. Lower vendor allowances during the current year, reflecting the overall lower promotional activity, negatively affected gross margin by 10 basis points. The increase in the gross margin also reflected a decrease of 80 basis points in the occupancy and buyers salary expense rate reflecting improved leverage and expense reductions.
Gross margin as a percentage of sales was 27.4 percent in 2009 decreasing 50 basis points as compared with 2008. The decrease in the gross margin reflected an increase of 30 basis points in the merchandise margin rate due to lower markdowns, offset by an 80 basis point increase in the occupancy rate due to lower sales. Vendor allowances were essentially the same as compared with 2008 and did not significantly affect the gross margin rate. Excluding the $14 million inventory reserve recorded in 2009, gross margin would have declined by 20 basis points as compared with 2008.
Selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses increased by $39 million to $1,138 million in 2010, or by 3.5 percent, as compared with 2009. SG&A as a percentage of sales decreased to 22.5 percent as compared with 22.6 percent in 2009, due to expense management and the increase in sales. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations in 2010, SG&A increased by $47 million. This increase primarily reflects higher incentive compensation costs totaling $45 million, partially offset by expense management efforts.
SG&A expenses decreased by $75 million to $1,099 million in 2009, or by 6.4 percent, as compared with 2008. SG&A as a percentage of sales increased to 22.6 percent as compared with 22.4 percent in 2008, due to the decline in sales. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations in 2009, SG&A decreased by $64 million. This decrease reflects lower divisional expenses primarily due to operating fewer stores and compensation expense, offset, in part, by increased pension expense of $13 million.
Corporate expense consists of unallocated general and administrative expenses as well as depreciation and amortization related to the Companys corporate headquarters, centrally managed departments, unallocated insurance and benefit programs, certain foreign exchange transaction gains and losses, and other items.
Corporate expense increased by $30 million to $97 million in 2010 as compared with 2009. Depreciation and amortization included in corporate expense was $12 million in 2010 and $13 million in 2009. Incentive compensation costs included within corporate expense represent an increase of $29 million as a result of the Companys outperformance as compared with plan. Additionally, 2009 included a $5 million charge related to the reorganization of its operations and corporate staff reductions.
Corporate expense decreased by $20 million to $67 million in 2009 as compared with 2008. Depreciation and amortization included in corporate expense was $13 million in both 2009 and 2008. Included in 2008 corporate expense were charges that totaled $18 million, which represented a $3 million other-than-temporary impairment charge related to a short-term investment and a $15 million impairment charge related to the Northern Group note receivable. The balance of the change represents lower incentive compensation costs as well as income of $3 million related to the final settlement of the Visa/MasterCard litigation. These reductions in corporate expense were offset, in part, by higher pension expense.
Depreciation and amortization of $106 million decreased by 5.4 percent in 2010 from $112 million in 2009. This decrease primarily reflects reduced depreciation and amortization resulting from store long-lived asset impairment charges recorded in 2009. Additionally, foreign currency fluctuations reduced depreciation and amortization expense by $1 million.
Depreciation and amortization of $112 million decreased by 13.8 percent in 2009 from $130 million in 2008. This decrease primarily reflects the effect of the impairment charges offset, in part, by increased depreciation and amortization related to the Companys capital spending, as well as the amortization expense associated with the CCS customer list intangible. The effect of foreign currency fluctuations was not significant.
|Interest expense, net||$||9||$||10||$||5|
|Weighted-average interest rate (excluding fees):
Interest expense of $14 million increased by $1 million as compared with 2009. The increase in interest expense primarily relates to higher fees associated with the revolving credit facility. Interest expense in 2010 includes $1 million in amortization of the gain realized from the termination of the interest rate swap. The Company did not have any short-term borrowings for any of the periods presented. Interest income of $5 million increased from $3 million in 2009 primarily reflecting income earned on higher cash and cash equivalent balances.
Interest expense of $13 million in 2009 decreased by $3 million as compared with 2008. The decrease in interest expense primarily relates to the termination of the cross currency swaps, which represented expense of $3 million in 2008, as well as lower average debt outstanding during 2009. Interest expense in 2009 was also reduced by $1 million, reflecting the effect of the amortization of the gain realized from the termination of the interest rate swap. This was offset, in part, by higher fees associated with the revolving credit facility. Interest income of $3 million in 2009 declined from $11 million in 2008 primarily due to lower interest rates received on its cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.
Other income was $4 million, $3 million, and $8 million for 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively. For 2010, other income includes a $2 million gain to reflect the settlement of the Reserve International Liquidity Fund money-market investment, as well as royalty income from the Companys franchising agreements and gains on lease terminations related to certain lease interests in Europe. For 2009, other income includes $4 million related to gains from insurance recoveries, gains on the purchase and retirement of bonds, and royalty income partially offset by foreign currency option contract premiums of $1 million. Other income in 2008 primarily reflects a $4 million net gain related to the Companys foreign currency options contracts and a $3 million gain on lease terminations related to two lease interests in Europe.
The effective tax rate for 2010 was 34.3 percent, as compared with 36.0 percent in 2009. The effective tax rate decreased primarily due to a benefit of $7 million from a favorable tax settlement. This benefit was offset in part by a $4 million charge recorded in the fourth quarter to correct a historical error in the calculation of income taxes on amounts included in accumulated other comprehensive loss pertaining to the Companys Canadian pension plans. The Company determined that this amount was not material to any previously issued financial statements or to the current period; accordingly it was corrected in 2010. Additionally, the 2009 effective rate included Canadian provincial tax rate changes that resulted in a $4 million expense arising from a reduction in the value of the Companys net deferred tax assets. Excluding these items, the effective rate increased as compared with the prior year reflecting a higher proportion of income earned in higher tax jurisdictions.
The effective tax rate for 2009 was an expense of 36.0 percent, as compared with a benefit of 20.8 percent in 2008. The effective tax rate changed primarily due to impairment charges in 2008, which created an overall book loss, coupled with the effect of an impairment of goodwill, a portion of which was not deductible for tax purposes, as well as 2009 Canadian provincial tax rate changes that resulted in a $4 million charge for reduction in the value of the Companys net deferred tax assets.
The Companys two reportable segments, Athletic Stores and Direct-to-Customers, are based on its method of internal reporting. The Company evaluates performance based on several factors, the primary financial measure of which is division results. Division profit (loss) reflects income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes, corporate expense, non-operating income, and net interest expense. Sales and division results for the Companys reportable segments for the years ended January 29, 2011, January 30, 2010, and January 31, 2009 are presented below.
|Division profit (loss)||$||329||$||114||$||(59||)|
|Division profit (loss) margin||7.1||%||2.6||%||(1.2||)%|
|Number of stores at year end||3,426||3,500||3,641|
|Selling square footage (in millions)||7.54||7.74||8.09|
|Gross square footage (in millions)||12.64||12.96||13.50|
|Sales per average gross square foot||$||360||$||333||$||350|
Athletic Stores sales of $4,617 million increased 3.8 percent in 2010, as compared with $4,448 million in 2009. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, primarily related to the euro, sales from the Athletic Stores segment increased by 4.4 percent in 2010. Comparable-store sales for the Athletic Stores segment increased 5.7 percent as compared with the prior year. The Companys U.S. operations sales increased 3.9 percent reflecting meaningful increases in all formats, except for Lady Foot Locker. Lady Foot Locker was negatively affected by the lower demand for certain styles, in particular toning. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, international sales increased 5.5 percent in 2010 as compared with 2009. Foot Locker Europes sales reflected strong increases in mens footwear and apparel.
Athletic Stores reported a division profit of $329 million in 2010 as compared with $114 million in 2009. The 2009 results included impairment charges totaling $32 million, which were recorded to write down long-lived assets such as store fixtures and leasehold improvements at the Companys Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Footaction, and Champs Sports divisions for 787 stores. Additionally, in 2009 the Company recorded a $14 million inventory reserve on certain aged apparel. Excluding these charges, division profit increased by $169 million as compared with the corresponding prior-year period. This increase reflects division profit gains in both the Companys domestic and international operations. Foreign currency fluctuations negatively affected division profit by approximately $4 million as compared with the corresponding prior-year period.
Athletic Stores sales of $4,448 million decreased 8.2 percent in 2009, as compared with $4,847 million in 2008. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, primarily related to the euro, sales from the Athletic Stores segment decreased by 7.0 percent in 2009. Comparable-store sales for the Athletic Stores segment declined 6.2 percent as compared with 2008. The decline in sales for the year ended January 30, 2010 was primarily related to the domestic operations as the result of a decline in mall traffic and consumer spending in general. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, sales in Europe increased low single digits in 2009 as compared with 2008.
Athletic Stores reported a division profit of $114 million in 2009 as compared with a loss of $59 million in 2008. Included in the results are impairment and other charges of $46 million and $241 million in 2009 and 2008, respectively. The 2009 results included impairment charges totaling $32 million and a $14 million inventory reserve on certain aged apparel. The 2008 results included a $241 million charge representing long-lived store asset impairment, goodwill and other intangibles impairment, and store closing costs related to the Companys U.S. operations. Excluding these charges, division profit decreased $22 million in 2009 as compared with the corresponding prior-year period, which relates primarily to the domestic businesses. Excluding the effect of foreign currency fluctuations, division profit of international operations was essentially flat as compared with the corresponding prior-year period.
|Division profit margin||6.9||%||7.9||%||11.0||%|
Direct-to-Customers sales increased 6.4 percent to $432 million in 2010, as compared with $406 million in 2009. Effective with the first quarter of 2010, CCS internet and catalog sales have been included in the computation of comparable-store sales. Internet sales increased by 9.0 percent to $375 million, as compared with 2009 reflecting a strong sales performance through the Companys store banner websites, which benefited from improved functionality and more compelling product assortments. Catalog sales decreased by 8.1 percent to $57 million in 2010 from $62 million in 2009. Management believes that the decrease in catalog sales is the result of the continuing trend of customers browsing and selecting products through its catalogs and then making their purchases via the Internet.
The Direct-to-Customers business generated division profit of $30 million in 2010, as compared with $32 million in 2009. Division profit, as a percentage of sales, was 6.9 percent in 2010 and 7.9 percent in 2009. Included in the 2010 division profit is a $10 million impairment charge, which was recorded to write down CCS intangible assets, specifically the non-amortizing tradename. The impairment was primarily the result of reduced revenue projections. Included in 2009 division profit is a $4 million impairment charge, which was recorded to write off certain software development costs as a result of managements decision to terminate the project. Excluding these charges, division profit increased by $4 million as compared with the prior year.
Direct-to-Customers sales increased 4.1 percent to $406 million in 2009, as compared with $390 million in 2008, reflecting a comparable-store sales decrease of 6.8 percent, offset by additional sales from CCS, which was acquired during the fourth quarter of 2008. Internet sales increased by 6.8 percent to $344 million, as compared with 2008 reflecting continued growth in the store brands websites. Catalog sales decreased by 8.8 percent to $62 million in 2009 from $68 million in 2008.
The Direct-to-Customers business generated division profit of $32 million in 2009, as compared with $43 million in 2008. Division profit, as a percentage of sales, was 7.9 percent in 2009 and 11.0 percent in 2008. Included in division profit is a $4 million impairment charge, which was recorded to write off certain software development costs as a result of managements decision to terminate the project. Gross margin was negatively affected by the lack of close-out inventory purchases during the year. Additionally, division profit, as compared with the corresponding prior-year period, was negatively affected by $3 million in additional amortization expense related to the CCS customer list intangible asset.
The Companys primary source of liquidity has been cash flow from operations, while the principal uses of cash have been to: fund inventory and other working capital requirements; finance capital expenditures related to store openings, store remodelings, information systems, and other support facilities; make retirement plan contributions, quarterly dividend payments, and interest payments; and fund other cash requirements to support the development of its short-term and long-term operating strategies. The Company generally finances real estate with operating leases.
Management believes its cash, cash equivalents, future cash flow from operations, and the Companys current revolving credit facility will be adequate to fund these requirements. The Company may also from time to time repurchase its common stock or seek to retire or purchase outstanding debt through open market purchases, privately negotiated transactions or otherwise. Such repurchases, if any, will depend on prevailing market conditions, liquidity requirements, contractual restrictions, and other factors. The amounts involved may be material.
Any material adverse change in customer demand, fashion trends, competitive market forces or customer acceptance of the Companys merchandise mix and retail locations, uncertainties related to the effect of competitive products and pricing, the Companys reliance on a few key vendors for a significant portion of its merchandise purchases, and risks associated with foreign global sourcing or economic conditions worldwide could affect the ability of the Company to continue to fund its needs from business operations.
Maintaining access to merchandise that the Company considers appropriate for its business may be subject to the policies and practices of its key vendors. Therefore, the Company believes that it is critical to continue to maintain satisfactory relationships with its key vendors. In 2010 and 2009, the Company purchased approximately 82 percent of its merchandise from its top five vendors and expects to continue to obtain a significant percentage of its athletic product from these vendors in future periods. Approximately 63 percent in 2010 and 68 percent in 2009 was purchased from one vendor Nike, Inc.
Planned capital expenditures for 2011 are approximately $153 million, of which $116 million relates to modernizations of existing stores and the planned opening of 60 new stores, and $37 million is allocated for the development of information systems and other support facilities. In addition, planned lease acquisition costs related to the Companys operations in Europe are $7 million. The Company has the ability to revise and reschedule much of the anticipated capital expenditure program, should the Companys financial position require it.
Operating activities from continuing operations provided cash of $326 million in 2010 as compared with $346 million in 2009. These amounts reflect income from continuing operations adjusted for non-cash items and working capital changes. Non-cash impairment and other charges were $10 million and $36 million for the years ending January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010, respectively. The Company recorded a $10 million impairment charge in 2010 related to its CCS tradename. The 2009 charges totaled $36 million, comprised of $32 million to write-down long-lived assets such as store fixtures and leasehold improvements at the Companys Lady Foot Locker, Kids Foot Locker, Footaction, and Champs Sports divisions and $4 million to write off software development costs. During 2010, the Company contributed $32 million to its U.S. and Canadian qualified pension plans as compared with $100 million contributed in 2009. The change in merchandise inventory, net of the change in accounts payable, as compared with the prior-year period, represents inventory required to support the favorable sales trend. During 2010, the Company paid $24 million to settle the liability associated with the terminated European net investment hedge, whereas in the prior-year period the Company terminated its interest rate swaps and received $19 million.
Operating activities from continuing operations provided cash of $346 million in 2009 as compared with $383 million in 2008. These amounts reflect income from continuing operations adjusted for non-cash items and working capital changes. During 2009, the Company recorded non-cash impairment and other charges of $36 million primarily related to impairment of store-level assets in the domestic operations. Merchandise inventories represented a $111 million source of cash in 2009 as inventory purchases were reduced to keep inventory levels in line with sales as well as reflecting the effect of the store closings. During 2009, the Company contributed $100 million to its U.S. and Canadian qualified pension plans as compared with $6 million contributed in 2008. Additionally, during 2009 the Company terminated its interest rate swaps for a gain of $19 million. The other changes primarily reflect the timing of February 2010 rent payments, which totaled $34 million and were due and paid in 2010 as compared with the February 2009 rent payments that were due and paid in 2008, as well as income tax refunds of $32 million.
Net cash used in investing activities of the Companys continuing operations was $87 million in 2010 as compared with $72 million used in investing activities in 2009. During 2010, the Company received $9 million from the Reserve International Liquidity Fund representing further redemptions. Capital expenditures were $97 million primarily related to store remodeling and to the development of information systems and other support facilities, representing an increase of $8 million as compared with the prior year.
Net cash used in investing activities of the Companys continuing operations was $72 million in 2009 as compared with $272 million used in investing activities in 2008. During 2009, the Company received $16 million from the Reserve International Liquidity Fund representing further redemptions. Capital expenditures were $89 million, primarily related to store remodeling and to the development of information systems and other support facilities, representing a decrease of $57 million as compared with the prior year. The Company made a strategic decision to conserve cash in 2009 and, therefore, reduced capital spending, focusing on projects that improved the customer experience. The net cash used in investing activities in 2008 reflected the acquisition of CCS for $106 million.
Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations was $127 million in 2010 as compared with $94 million in 2009. During 2010, the Company repurchased 3,215,000 shares of its common stock under its common share repurchase program for $50 million. Additionally, the Company declared and paid dividends totaling $93 million and $94 million in 2010 and 2009, respectively, representing a quarterly rate of $0.15 per share in both 2010 and 2009. On February 15, 2011, the Companys Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend on the Companys common stock of $0.165 per share, which represents an increase of 10 percent. During 2010 and 2009, the Company received proceeds from the issuance of common stock and treasury stock in connection with the employee stock programs of $10 million and $3 million, respectively. During 2010, in connection with stock option exercises, the Company recorded excess tax benefits related to share-based compensation of $3 million as a financing activity.
Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations was $94 million in 2009 as compared with $185 million in 2008. During 2009 and 2008, the Company purchased and retired $3 million and $6 million, respectively, of its 8.50 percent debentures. During 2008, the Company reduced its long-term debt by repaying the balance of its term loan of $88 million. Additionally, the Company declared and paid dividends totaling $94 million and $93 million in 2009 and 2008, respectively, representing a quarterly rate of $0.15 per share in both 2009 and 2008. During 2009 and 2008, the Company received proceeds from the issuance of common stock and treasury stock in connection with the employee stock programs of $3 million and $2 million, respectively.
On March 20, 2009, the Company entered into a new credit agreement (the 2009 Credit Agreement) with its banks, providing for a $200 million asset-based revolving credit facility maturing on March 20, 2013. The 2009 Credit Agreement also provides for an incremental facility of up to $100 million under certain circumstances. The 2009 Credit Agreement provides for a security interest in certain of the Companys domestic assets, including certain inventory assets. The Company is not required to comply with any financial covenants as long as there are no outstanding borrowings. If the Company is borrowing, then it may not make Restricted Payments, such as dividends or share repurchases, unless there is at least $50 million of Excess Availability (as defined in the 2009 Credit Agreement), and the Companys projected fixed charge coverage ratio, which is a Non-GAAP financial ratio determined pursuant to the 2009 Credit Agreement designed as a measure of the Companys ability to meet current and future obligations (Consolidated EBITDA less capital expenditures less cash taxes divided by Debt Service Charges and Restricted Payments), is at least 1.1 to 1.0. The Companys management does not currently expect to borrow under the facility in 2011.
As of March 28, 2011, the Companys corporate credit ratings from Standard & Poors and Moodys Investors Service are BB- and Ba3, respectively. Additionally, Moodys Investors Service has rated the Companys senior unsecured notes B1.
For purposes of calculating debt to total capitalization, the Company includes the present value of operating lease commitments in total net debt. Total net debt including the present value of operating leases is considered a non-GAAP financial measure. The present value of operating leases is discounted using various interest rates ranging from 4 percent to 15 percent, which represent the Companys incremental borrowing rate at inception of the lease. Operating leases are the primary financing vehicle used to fund store expansion and, therefore, we believe that the inclusion of the present value of operating leases in total debt is useful to our investors, credit constituencies, and rating agencies.
The following table sets forth the components of the Companys capitalization, both with and without the present value of operating leases:
|Present value of operating leases||1,852||1,923|
|Total debt including the present value of operating leases||1,989||2,061|
|Cash and cash equivalents||696||582|
|Total net debt including the present value of operating leases||1,293||1,472|
|Total net debt capitalization percent||||%||||%|
|Total net debt capitalization percent including the present value of operating leases||39.0||%||43.0||%|
The Company increased cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments by $107 million during 2010 reflecting strong cash flow generation from operating activities. Additionally, the present value of the operating leases decreased by $71 million as compared with the prior year. This decrease represents the effect of the store closures, offset, in part, by lease renewals and the effect of foreign currency translation. Including the present value of operating leases, the Companys net debt capitalization percent decreased 400 basis points in 2010.
The following tables represent the scheduled maturities of the Companys contractual cash obligations and other commercial commitments at January 29, 2011:
|Payments Due by Period|
|Contractual Cash Obligations||Total||Less than
|Other long-term liabilities(3)||1||1|||||||
|Total contractual cash obligations||$||2,660||$||493||$||803||$||582||$||782|
|(1)||The amounts presented above represent the contractual maturities of the Companys long-term debt, including interest; however it excludes the unamortized gain of the interest rate swap of $17 million. Additional information is included in the Long-Term Debt note under Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.|
|(2)||The amounts presented represent the future minimum lease payments under non-cancelable operating leases. In addition to minimum rent, certain of the Companys leases require the payment of additional costs for insurance, maintenance, and other costs. These costs have historically represented approximately 25 to 30 percent of the minimum rent amount. These additional amounts are not included in the table of contractual commitments as the timing and/or amounts of such payments are unknown.|
|(3)||The Companys other liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet at January 29, 2011 primarily comprise pension and postretirement benefits, deferred rent liability, income taxes, workers compensation and general liability reserves, and various other accruals. The amount presented in the table represents the Companys 2011 Canadian qualified plan contributions of $1 million. Other than this liability, other amounts (including the Companys unrecognized tax benefits of $62 million) have been excluded from the above table as the timing and/or amount of any cash payment is uncertain. The timing of the remaining amounts that are known has not been included as they are minimal and not useful to the presentation. Additional information is included in the Other Liabilities, Financial Instruments and Risk Management, and Retirement Plans and Other Benefits notes under Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.|
|Amount of Commitment Expiration by Period|
|Other Commercial Commitments||Total Amounts Committed||Less than
|Unused line of credit(4)||$||199||$||||$||199||$||||$|||
|Standby letters of credit||1||||1|||||
|Total commercial commitments||$||1,892||$||1,675||$||215||$||2||$|||
|(4)||Represents the unused domestic lines of credit pursuant to the Companys $200 million revolving credit agreement. The Companys management currently does not expect to borrow under the facility in 2011.|
|(5)||Represents open purchase orders, as well as other commitments for merchandise purchases, at January 29, 2011. The Company is obligated under the terms of purchase orders; however, the Company is generally able to renegotiate the timing and quantity of these orders with certain vendors in response to shifts in consumer preferences.|
|(6)||Represents payments required by non-merchandise purchase agreements.|
The Company does not have any off-balance sheet financing, other than operating leases entered into in the normal course of business as disclosed above, or unconsolidated special purpose entities. The Company does not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, including variable interest entities. The Companys policy prohibits the use of derivatives for which there is no underlying exposure.
In connection with the sale of various businesses and assets, the Company may be obligated for certain lease commitments transferred to third parties and pursuant to certain normal representations, warranties, or indemnifications entered into with the purchasers of such businesses or assets. Although the maximum potential amounts for such obligations cannot be readily determined, management believes that the resolution of such contingencies will not significantly affect the Companys consolidated financial position, liquidity, or results of operations. The Company is also operating certain stores for which lease agreements are in the process of being negotiated with landlords. Although there is no contractual commitment to make these payments, it is likely that leases will be executed.
Managements responsibility for integrity and objectivity in the preparation and presentation of the Companys financial statements requires diligent application of appropriate accounting policies. Generally, the Companys accounting policies and methods are those specifically required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Included in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies note in Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data is a summary of the Companys most significant accounting policies. In some cases, management is required to calculate amounts based on estimates for matters that are inherently uncertain. The Company believes the following to be the most critical of those accounting policies that necessitate subjective judgments.
Merchandise inventories for the Companys Athletic Stores are valued at the lower of cost or market using the retail inventory method (RIM). The RIM is commonly used by retail companies to value inventories at cost and calculate gross margins due to its practicality. Under the retail method, cost is determined by applying a cost-to-retail percentage across groupings of similar items, known as departments. The cost-to-retail percentage is applied to ending inventory at its current owned retail valuation to determine the cost of ending inventory on a department basis. The RIM is a system of averages that requires managements estimates and assumptions regarding markups, markdowns and shrink, among others, and as such, could result in distortions of inventory amounts.
Significant judgment is required for these estimates and assumptions, as well as to differentiate between promotional and other markdowns that may be required to correctly reflect merchandise inventories at the lower of cost or market. The Company provides reserves based on current selling prices when the inventory has not been marked down to market. The failure to take permanent markdowns on a timely basis may result in an overstatement of cost under the retail inventory method. The decision to take permanent markdowns includes many factors, including the current environment, inventory levels, and the age of the item. Management believes this method and its related assumptions, which have been consistently applied, to be reasonable.
In the normal course of business, the Company receives allowances from its vendors for markdowns taken. Vendor allowances are recognized as a reduction in cost of sales in the period in which the markdowns are taken. Vendor allowances contributed 20 basis points to the 2010 gross margin rate. The Company also has volume-related agreements with certain vendors, under which it receives rebates based on fixed percentages of cost purchases. These volume-related rebates are recorded in cost of sales when the product is sold and were not significant to the 2010 gross margin rate.
The Company receives support from some of its vendors in the form of reimbursements for cooperative advertising and catalog costs for the launch and promotion of certain products. The reimbursements are agreed upon with vendors for specific advertising campaigns and catalogs. Cooperative income, to the extent that it reimburses specific, incremental and identifiable costs incurred to date, is recorded in SG&A in the same period as the associated expenses are incurred. Cooperative reimbursements amounted to approximately 24 percent and 11 percent of total advertising and catalog costs, respectively, in 2010. Reimbursements received that are in excess of specific, incremental and identifiable costs incurred to date are recognized as a reduction to the cost of merchandise and are reflected in cost of sales as the merchandise is sold and were not significant in 2010.
The Company recognizes an impairment loss when circumstances indicate that the carrying value of long-lived tangible and intangible assets with finite lives may not be recoverable. Managements policy in determining whether an impairment indicator exists, a triggering event, comprises measurable operating performance criteria at the division level as well as qualitative measures. If an analysis is necessitated by the occurrence of a triggering event, the Company uses assumptions, which are predominately identified from the Companys three-year strategic plans, in determining the impairment amount. In the calculation of the fair value of long-lived assets, the Company compares the carrying amount of the asset with the estimated future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of the impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset with its estimated fair value. The estimation of fair value is measured by discounting expected future cash flows at the Companys weighted-average cost of capital. Management believes its policy is reasonable and is consistently applied. Future expected cash flows are based upon estimates that, if not achieved, may result in significantly different results.
The Company performs an impairment review of its goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives if impairment indicators arise and, at a minimum, annually. We consider many factors in evaluating whether the carrying value of goodwill may not be recoverable, including declines in stock price and market capitalization in relation to the book value of the Company and macroeconomic conditions affecting retail. The Company has chosen to perform this review at the beginning of each fiscal year, and it is done in a two-step approach. The initial step requires that the carrying value of each reporting unit be compared with its estimated fair value. The second step to evaluate goodwill of a reporting unit for impairment is only required if the carrying value of that reporting unit exceeds its estimated fair value. The Company used a combination of a discounted cash flow approach and market-based approach to determine the fair value of a reporting unit. The determination of discounted cash flows of the reporting units and assets and liabilities within the reporting units requires us to make significant estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions primarily include, but are not limited to, the discount rate, terminal growth rates, earnings before depreciation and amortization, and capital expenditures forecasts. The market approach requires judgment and uses one or more methods to compare the reporting unit with similar businesses, business ownership interests or securities that have been sold. Due to the inherent uncertainty involved in making these estimates, actual results could differ from those estimates.
The Company evaluated the merits of each significant assumption, both individually and in the aggregate, used to determine the fair value of the reporting units, as well as the fair values of the corresponding assets and liabilities within the reporting units, and concluded they are reasonable and are consistent with prior valuations.
Owned trademarks and tradenames that have been determined to have indefinite lives are not subject to amortization but are reviewed at least annually for potential impairment. The fair values of purchased intangible assets are estimated and compared to their carrying values. We estimate the fair value of these intangible assets based on an income approach using the relief-from-royalty method. This methodology assumes that, in lieu of ownership, a third party would be willing to pay a royalty in order to exploit the related benefits of these types of assets. This approach is dependent on a number of factors, including estimates of future growth and trends, royalty rates in the category of intellectual property, discount rates, and other variables. We base our fair value estimates on assumptions we believe to be reasonable, but which are unpredictable and inherently uncertain. Actual future results may differ from those estimates. We recognize an impairment loss when the estimated fair value of the intangible asset is less than the carrying value.
The Companys review of goodwill did not result in any impairment charges for the years ended January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010 as the fair value of each of the reporting units substantially exceeds its carrying value. In 2010, the Company recorded a $10 million impairment charge related to its CCS tradename, primarily as a result of reduced revenue projections for this business.
The Company estimates the fair value of options granted using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The Company estimates the expected term of options granted using its historical exercise and post-vesting employment termination patterns, which the Company believes are representative of future behavior. Changing the expected term by one year changes the fair value by 6 to 8 percent depending if the change was an increase or decrease to the expected term. The Company estimates the expected volatility of its common stock at the grant date using a weighted-average of the Companys historical volatility and implied volatility from traded options on the Companys common stock. A 50 basis point change in volatility would have a 1 percent change to the fair value. The risk-free interest rate assumption is determined using the Federal Reserve nominal rates for U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with maturities similar to those of the expected term of the award being valued. The expected dividend yield is derived from the Companys historical experience. A 50 basis point change to the dividend yield would change the fair value by approximately 4 percent. The Company records stock-based compensation expense only for those awards expected to vest using an estimated forfeiture rate based on its historical pre-vesting forfeiture data, which it believes are representative of future behavior, and periodically will revise those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Black-Scholes option pricing valuation model requires the use of subjective assumptions. Changes in these assumptions can materially affect the fair value of the options. The Company may elect to use different assumptions under the Black-Scholes option pricing model in the future if there is a difference between the assumptions used and the actual factors that become known over time.
The Company determines its obligations for pension and postretirement liabilities based upon assumptions related to discount rates, expected long-term rates of return on invested plan assets, salary increases, age, and mortality, among others. Management reviews all assumptions annually with its independent actuaries, taking into consideration existing and future economic conditions and the Companys intentions with regard to the plans.
Long-Term Rate of Return Assumption The expected rate of return on plan assets is the long-term rate of return expected to be earned on the plans assets and is recognized as a component of pension expense. The rate is based on the plans weighted-average target asset allocation, as well as historical and future expected performance of those assets. The target asset allocation is selected to obtain an investment return that is sufficient to cover the expected benefit payments and to reduce future contributions by the Company. The expected rate of return on plan assets is reviewed annually and revised, as necessary, to reflect changes in the financial markets and our investment strategy. The weighted-average long-term rate of return used to determine 2010 pension expense was 7.22 percent. A decrease of 50 basis points in the weighted-average expected long-term rate of return would have increased 2010 pension expense by approximately $3 million. The actual return on plan assets in a given year typically differs from the expected long-term rate of return, and the resulting gain or loss is deferred and amortized into expense over the average life expectancy of its inactive participants.
Discount Rate An assumed discount rate is used to measure the present value of future cash flow obligations of the plans and the interest cost component of pension expense and postretirement income. The discount rate selected to measure the present value of the Companys U.S. benefit obligations at January 29, 2011 was derived using a cash flow matching method whereby the Company matches the plans projected payment obligations by year with the corresponding yield on the Citibank Pension Discount Curve. The cash flows are then discounted to their present value and an overall discount rate is determined. The discount rate selected to measure the present value of the Companys Canadian benefit obligations at January 29, 2011 was developed by using the plans bond portfolio indices, which match the benefit obligations. The weighted-average discount rates used to determine the 2010 benefit obligations related to the Companys pension and postretirement plans were 4.98 percent and 4.60 percent, respectively. A decrease of 50 basis points in the weighted-average discount rate would have increased the accumulated benefit obligation of the pension plans at January 29, 2011 by approximately $29 million, while the effect on the postretirement plan would not have been significant. Such a decrease would not have significantly changed 2010 pension expense or postretirement income.
There is limited risk to the Company for increases in health care costs related to the postretirement plan as, beginning in 2001, new retirees have assumed the full expected costs and then-existing retirees have assumed all increases in such costs. A one percent change in the assumed health care cost trend rate would change the SERP Medical Plans accumulated benefit obligation by approximately $1 million.
The Company expects to record postretirement income of approximately $5 million and pension expense of approximately $20 million in 2011.
In accordance with GAAP, deferred tax assets are recognized for tax credit and net operating loss carryforwards, reduced by a valuation allowance, which is established when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Management is required to estimate taxable income for future years by taxing jurisdiction and to use its judgment to determine whether or not to record a valuation allowance for part or all of a deferred tax asset. Estimates of taxable income are based upon the Companys three-year strategic plans. A one percent change in the Companys overall statutory tax rate for 2010 would have resulted in an $8 million change in the carrying value of the net deferred tax asset and a corresponding charge or credit to income tax expense depending on whether such tax rate change was a decrease or an increase.
The Company has operations in multiple taxing jurisdictions and is subject to audit in these jurisdictions. Tax audits by their nature are often complex and can require several years to resolve. Accruals of tax contingencies require management to make estimates and judgments with respect to the ultimate outcome of tax audits. Actual results could vary from these estimates.
The Company expects its 2011 effective tax rate to approximate 37 percent. The actual rate will primarily depend upon the percentage of the Companys income earned in the United States as compared with international operations.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements did not, or are not believed by management to, have a material effect on the Companys present or future consolidated financial statements.
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Other than statements of historical facts, all statements which address activities, events or developments that the Company expects or anticipates will or may occur in the future, including, but not limited to, such things as future capital expenditures, expansion, strategic plans, financial objectives, dividend payments, stock repurchases, growth of the Companys business and operations, including future cash flows, revenues and earnings, and other such matters are forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based on many assumptions and factors detailed in the Companys filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the effects of currency fluctuations, customer demand, fashion trends, competitive market forces, uncertainties related to the effect of competitive products and pricing, customer acceptance of the Companys merchandise mix and retail locations, the Companys reliance on a few key vendors for a majority of its merchandise purchases (including a significant portion from one key vendor), pandemics and similar major health concerns, unseasonable weather, further deterioration of global financial markets, economic conditions worldwide, further deterioration of business and economic conditions, any changes in business, political and economic conditions due to the threat of future terrorist activities in the United States or in other parts of the world and related U.S. military action overseas, the ability of the Company to execute effectively its strategic plan and its business plans with regard to each of its business units, and risks associated with foreign global sourcing, including political instability, changes in import regulations, and disruptions to transportation services and distribution.
Any changes in such assumptions or factors could produce significantly different results. The Company undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
|Item 7A.||Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk|
Information regarding interest rate risk management and foreign exchange risk management is included in the Financial Instruments and Risk Management note under Item 8. Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.
|Item 8.||Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data|
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of
Foot Locker, Inc.:
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Foot Locker, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive income (loss), shareholders equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended January 29, 2011. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Companys management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Foot Locker, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended January 29, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Foot Locker, Inc.s internal control over financial reporting as of January 29, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission, and our report dated March 28, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
New York, New York
March 28, 2011
|(in millions, except per share amounts)|
|Cost of sales||3,533||3,522||3,777|
|Selling, general and administrative expenses||1,138||1,099||1,174|
|Depreciation and amortization||106||112||130|
|Impairment and other charges||10||41||259|
|Interest expense, net||9||10||5|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes||257||73||(100||)|
|Income tax expense (benefit)||88||26||(21||)|
|Income (loss) from continuing operations||169||47||(79||)|
|Income (loss) on disposal of discontinued operations, net of income tax expense (benefit) of $, $(1), and $, respectively||||1||(1||)|
|Net income (loss)||$||169||$||48||$||(80||)|
|Basic earnings per share:
|Income (loss) from continuing operations||$||1.08||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
|Income from discontinued operations|||||||
|Net income (loss)||$||1.08||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
|Diluted earnings per share:
|Income (loss) from continuing operations||$||1.07||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
|Income from discontinued operations|||||||
|Net income (loss)||$||1.07||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
|Net income (loss)||$||169||$||48||$||(80||)|
|Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
|Foreign currency translation adjustment:
|Translation adjustment arising during the period, net of tax||11||65||(83||)|
|Cash flow hedges:
|Change in fair value of derivatives, net of income tax||1||(2||)||1|
|Pension and postretirement adjustments:
|Net actuarial gain (loss) and prior service cost arising during the year, net of income tax benefit of $1, $4, and $62 million, respectively||7||(12||)||(100||)|
|Amortization of net actuarial gain/loss and prior service cost included in net periodic benefit costs, net of income tax expense of $3, $2, and $ million, respectively||8||4||1|
|Available for sale securities:
|Unrealized gain (loss)||||3||(3||)|
|Comprehensive income (loss)||$||196||$||106||$||(264||)|
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||696||$||582|
|Other current assets||179||146|
|Property and equipment, net||386||387|
|Other intangible assets, net||72||99|
|LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS EQUITY
|Accrued and other liabilities||266||218|
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
|(shares in thousands, amounts in millions)|
|Common Stock and Paid-In Capital
|Par value $0.01 per share, 500 million shares authorized
|Issued at beginning of year||161,267||$||709||159,599||$||691||158,997||$||676|
|Restricted stock issued under stock option and award plans||205||||1,004||||245|||
|Forfeitures of restricted stock||||1||||||||2|
|Share-based compensation expense||13||12||9|
|Issued under director and employee stock plans, net of tax||1,187||12||664||6||357||4|
|Issued at end of year||162,659||735||161,267||709||159,599||691|
|Common stock in treasury at beginning of year||(4,726||)||(103||)||(4,681||)||(102||)||(4,523||)||(99||)|
|Reissued under employee stock purchase plan||278||6|||||||||
|Forfeitures/cancellations of restricted stock||(50||)||||(10||)||||(90||)||(2||)|
|Shares of common stock used to satisfy tax withholding obligations||(292||)||(4||)||(32||)||(1||)||(65||)||(1||)|
|Exchange of options||(34||)||(1||)||(3||)||||(3||)|||
|Common stock in treasury at end of year||(8,039||)||(152||)||(4,726||)||(103||)||(4,681||)||(102||)|
|Balance at beginning of year||1,535||1,581||1,754|
|Net income (loss)||169||48||(80||)|
|Cash dividends declared on common stock $0.60 per share in each period presented||(93||)||(94||)||(93||)|
|Balance at end of year||1,611||1,535||1,581|
|Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
|Foreign Currency Translation Adjustment
|Balance at beginning of year||75||10||93|
|Translation adjustment arising during the year, net of tax||11||65||(83||)|
|Balance at end of year||86||75||10|
|Cash Flow Hedges
|Balance at beginning of year||||2||1|
|Change during the year, net of tax||1||(2||)||1|
|Balance at end of year||1||||2|
|Pension and Postretirement Adjustments
|Balance at beginning of year||(266||)||(253||)||(162||)|
|Change during the year, net of tax||12||(13||)||(91||)|
|Balance at end of year||(254||)||(266||)||(253||)|
|Balance at beginning of year||(2||)||(5||)||(2||)|
|Change during the year, without tax||||3||(3||)|
|Balance at end of year||(2||)||(2||)||(5||)|
|Total Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss||(169||)||(193||)||(246||)|
|Total Shareholders Equity||$||2,025||$||1,948||$||1,924|
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
|From Operating Activities
|Net income (loss)||$||169||$||48||$||(80||)|
|Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations:
|Discontinued operations, net of tax||||(1||)||1|
|Non-cash impairment and other charges||10||36||259|
|Depreciation and amortization||106||112||130|
|Share-based compensation expense||13||12||9|
|Deferred tax provision (benefit)||84||2||(44||)|
|Qualified pension plan contributions||(32||)||(100||)||(6||)|
|Change in assets and liabilities:
|Payment on the settlement of the net investment hedge||(24||)|||||
|Proceeds from the termination of interest rate swaps||||19|||
|Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations||326||346||383|
|From Investing Activities
|Gain from lease terminations||1||||3|
|Gain from insurance recoveries||||1|||
|Reclassification of cash equivalents to short-term investments||||||(23||)|
|Sales of short-term investments||9||16|||
|Net cash used in investing activities of continuing operations||(87||)||(72||)||(272||)|
|From Financing Activities
|Reduction in long-term debt||||(3||)||(94||)|
|Dividends paid on common stock||(93||)||(94||)||(93||)|
|Issuance of common stock||10||3||2|
|Purchase of treasury shares||(50||)|||||
|Treasury stock reissued under employee stock plan||3|||||
|Excess tax benefits on share-based compensation||3|||||
|Net cash used in financing activities of continuing operations||(127||)||(94||)||(185||)|
|Effect of Exchange Rate Fluctuations on Cash and Cash Equivalents||2||18||(29||)|
|Net Cash used by Discontinued Operations||||(1||)|||
|Net Change in Cash and Cash Equivalents||114||197||(103||)|
|Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Year||582||385||488|
|Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Year||$||696||$||582||$||385|
|Cash Paid During the Year:
See Accompanying Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
|1.||Summary of Significant Accounting Policies|
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Foot Locker, Inc. and its domestic and international subsidiaries (the Company), all of which are wholly owned. All significant intercompany amounts have been eliminated. The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions relating to the reporting of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results may differ from those estimates.
The reporting period for the Company is the Saturday closest to the last day in January. Fiscal years 2010, 2009, and 2008 represent the 52 week periods ending January 29, 2011, January 30, 2010, and January 31, 2009, respectively. References to years in this annual report relate to fiscal years rather than calendar years.
Revenue from retail stores is recognized at the point of sale when the product is delivered to customers. Internet and catalog sales revenue is recognized upon estimated receipt by the customer. Sales include shipping and handling fees for all periods presented. Sales include merchandise, net of returns, and exclude taxes. The Company provides for estimated returns based on return history and sales levels. Revenue from layaway sales is recognized when the customer receives the product, rather than when the initial deposit is paid.
The Company sells gift cards to its customers, which do not have expiration dates. Revenue from gift card sales is recorded when the gift cards are redeemed or when the likelihood of the gift card being redeemed by the customer is remote and there is no legal obligation to remit the value of unredeemed gift cards to the relevant jurisdictions. The Company has determined its gift card breakage rate based upon historical redemption patterns. Historical experience indicates that after 12 months the likelihood of redemption is deemed to be remote. Gift card breakage income is included in selling, general and administrative expenses and totaled $2 million, $4 million, and $5 million in 2010, 2009, and 2008, respectively. Unredeemed gift cards are recorded as a current liability.
The Company has selected to present the operations of the discontinued businesses as one line in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. For all the periods presented this caption includes only operating activities.
Store pre-opening costs are charged to expense as incurred. In the event a store is closed before its lease has expired, the estimated post-closing lease exit costs, less the sublease rental income, is provided for once the store ceases to be used.
Advertising and sales promotion costs are expensed at the time the advertising or promotion takes place, net of reimbursements for cooperative advertising. Advertising expenses also include advertising costs as required by some of the Companys mall-based leases. Cooperative advertising reimbursements earned for the launch and promotion of certain products agreed upon with vendors is recorded in the same period as the associated expenses are incurred. Reimbursement received in excess of expenses incurred related to specific, incremental, and identifiable advertising costs, is accounted for as a reduction to the cost of merchandise, which is reflected in cost of sales as the merchandise is sold.
Advertising costs, which are included as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses, were as follows:
|Cooperative advertising reimbursements||(23||)||(25||)||(40||)|
|Net advertising expense||$||74||$||69||$||67|
Catalog costs, which primarily comprise paper, printing, and postage, are capitalized and amortized over the expected customer response period related to each catalog, which is generally 90 days. Cooperative reimbursements earned for the promotion of certain products are agreed upon with vendors and are recorded in the same period as the associated catalog expenses are amortized. Prepaid catalog costs totaled $4 million at January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010.
Catalog costs, which are included as a component of selling, general and administrative expenses, were as follows:
|Net catalog expense||$||40||$||44||$||44|
The Company accounts for and discloses net earnings (loss) per share using the treasury stock method. The Companys basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the Companys reported net income (loss) for the period by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding at the end of the period. The Companys restricted stock awards, which contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends, are considered participating securities and are included in the calculation of basic earnings per share. Diluted earnings per share reflects the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period used in the basic earnings per share computation plus dilutive common stock equivalents. The computation of basic and diluted earnings per share is as follows:
|Net income (loss) from continuing operations||$||169||$||47||$||(79||)|
|Weighted-average common shares outstanding||155.7||156.0||154.0|
|Basic Earnings per share from continuing operations||$||1.08||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
|Weighted-average common shares outstanding||155.7||156.0||154.0|
|Dilutive effect of potential common shares||1.0||0.3|||
|Weighted-average common shares outstanding assuming dilution||156.7||156.3||154.0|
|Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations||$||1.07||$||0.30||$||(0.52||)|
Potential common shares include the dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock units. Options to purchase 4.5 million, 6.3 million, and 4.8 million shares of common stock at January 29, 2011, January 30, 2010, and January 31, 2009, respectively, were not included in the computations because the exercise price of the options was greater than the average market price of the common shares and, therefore, the effect of their inclusion would be antidilutive. Contingently issuable shares of 0.5 million have not been included as the vesting conditions have not been satisfied. Additionally, due to a loss reported for the year ended January 31, 2009, options and awards of 1.2 million shares of common stock were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as the effect would be antidilutive.
The Company recognizes compensation expense in the financial statements for share-based awards based on the grant date fair value of those awards. Additionally, stock-based compensation expense includes an estimate for pre-vesting forfeitures and is recognized over the requisite service periods of the awards. See Note 21, Share-Based Compensation, for information on the assumptions the Company used to calculate the fair value of share-based compensation.
Upon exercise of stock options, issuance of restricted stock or units, or issuance of shares under the employees stock purchase plan, the Company will issue authorized but unissued common stock or use common stock held in treasury. The Company may make repurchases of its common stock from time to time, subject to legal and contractual restrictions, market conditions, and other factors.
Cash equivalents at January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010 were $675 million and $501 million, respectively. Included in these amounts are $165 million and $207 million of short-term deposits as of January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010, respectively. The Company considers all highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, including commercial paper and money market funds, to be cash equivalents. Additionally, amounts due from third party credit card processors for the settlement of debit and credit card transactions are included as cash equivalents as they are generally collected within three business days.
Changes in the fair value of available-for-sale securities are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders Equity and are not reflected in the Consolidated Statements of Operations until a sale transaction occurs or when declines in fair value are deemed to be other-than-temporary. The Company routinely reviews available-for-sale securities for other-than-temporary declines in fair value below the cost basis, and when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value of a security may not be recoverable, the security is written down to fair value. The Companys short-term investment was valued at $7 million at January 30, 2010; this amount was received during 2010. The Companys auction rate security was valued at $5 million at both January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010. See Note 19, Fair Value Measurements, for further discussion of these investments.
Merchandise inventories for the Companys Athletic Stores are valued at the lower of cost or market using the retail inventory method. Cost for retail stores is determined on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis for domestic inventories and on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis for international inventories. The retail inventory method is commonly used by retail companies to value inventories at cost and calculate gross margins due to its practicality. Under the retail inventory method, cost is determined by applying a cost-to-retail percentage across groupings of similar items, known as departments. The cost-to-retail percentage is applied to ending inventory at its current owned retail valuation to determine the cost of ending inventory on a department basis. The Company provides reserves based on current selling prices when the inventory has not been marked down to market. Merchandise inventories of the Direct-to-Customers business are valued at the lower of cost or market using weighted-average cost, which approximates FIFO. Transportation, distribution center, and sourcing costs are capitalized in merchandise inventories. The Company expenses the freight associated with transfers between its store locations in the period incurred. The Company maintains an accrual for shrinkage based on historical rates.
Cost of sales is comprised of the cost of merchandise, occupancy, buyers compensation and shipping and handling costs. The cost of merchandise is recorded net of amounts received from vendors for damaged product returns, markdown allowances and volume rebates, as well as cooperative advertising reimbursements received in excess of specific, incremental advertising expenses. Occupancy includes the amortization of amounts received from landlords for tenant improvements.
Property and equipment are recorded at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Significant additions and improvements to property and equipment are capitalized. Maintenance and repairs are charged to current operations as incurred. Major renewals or replacements that substantially extend the useful life of an asset are capitalized and depreciated. Owned property and equipment are depreciated on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets: maximum of 50 years for buildings and 3 to 10 years for furniture, fixtures, and equipment. Property and equipment under capital leases and improvements to leased premises are generally amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the remaining lease term. Capitalized software reflects certain costs related to software developed for internal use that are capitalized and amortized. After substantial completion of a project, the costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over a 2 to 7 year period. Capitalized software, net of accumulated amortization, is included as a component of property and equipment and was $27 million and $24 million at January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010, respectively.
The Company recognizes impairment losses whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amounts of long-lived tangible and intangible assets with finite lives may not be recoverable. Managements policy in determining whether an impairment indicator exists, a triggering event, comprises measurable operating performance criteria at the division level, as well as qualitative measures. The Company considers historical performance and future estimated results, which are predominately identified from the Companys three-year strategic plans, in its evaluation of potential store-level impairment and then compares the carrying amount of the asset with the estimated future cash flows expected to result from the use of the asset. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the estimated expected undiscounted future cash flows, the Company measures the amount of the impairment by comparing the carrying amount of the asset with its estimated fair value. The estimation of fair value is measured by discounting expected future cash flows at the Companys weighted-average cost of capital. The Company estimates fair value based on the best information available using estimates, judgments, and projections as considered necessary.
The Company reviews goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives for impairment annually during the first quarter of its fiscal year or more frequently if impairment indicators arise. The fair value of each reporting unit is determined using a combination of market and discounted cash flow approaches.
All derivative financial instruments are recorded in the Companys Consolidated Balance Sheets at their fair values. For derivatives designated as a hedge, and effective as part of a hedge transaction, the effective portion of the gain or loss on the hedging derivative instrument is reported as a component of other comprehensive income/loss or as a basis adjustment to the underlying hedged item and reclassified to earnings in the period in which the hedged item affects earnings. The effective portion of the gain or loss on hedges of foreign net investments is generally not reclassified to earnings unless the net investment is disposed of.
To the extent derivatives do not qualify or are not designated as hedges, or are ineffective, their changes in fair value are recorded in earnings immediately, which may subject the Company to increased earnings volatility.
The Company categorizes its financial instruments into a three-level fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value into three broad levels. The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). If the inputs used to measure fair value fall within different levels of the hierarchy, the category level is based on the lowest priority level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument. Fair value is determined based upon the exit price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants exclusive of any transaction costs.
The Companys financial assets recorded at fair value are categorized as follows:
Level 1 Quoted prices for identical instruments in active markets.
Level 2 Quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs or significant value-drivers are observable in active markets.
Level 3 Model-derived valuations in which one or more significant inputs or significant value-drivers are unobservable.
The Company determines its deferred tax provision under the liability method, whereby deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts using presently enacted tax rates. Deferred tax assets are recognized for tax credits and net operating loss carryforwards, reduced by a valuation allowance, which is established when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income during the period that includes the enactment date.
A taxing authority may challenge positions that the Company adopted in its income tax filings. Accordingly, the Company may apply different tax treatments for transactions in filing its income tax returns than for income tax financial reporting. The Company regularly assesses its tax positions for such transactions and records reserves for those differences when considered necessary. Tax positions are recognized only when it is more likely than not, based on technical merits, that the positions will be sustained upon examination. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are measured using a probability weighted approach as the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than fifty percent likely of being realized upon settlement. Whether the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold is met for a tax position is a matter of judgment based on the individual facts and circumstances of that position, evaluated in light of all available evidence. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.
Provision for U.S. income taxes on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries is made only on those amounts in excess of the funds considered to be permanently reinvested.
The discount rate selected to measure the present value of the Companys U.S. benefit obligations was derived using a cash flow matching method whereby the Company matches the plans projected payment obligations by year with the corresponding yield on the Citibank Pension Discount Curve. The cash flows are then discounted to their present value and an overall discount rate is determined. The discount rate selected to measure the present value of the Companys Canadian benefit obligations was developed by using the plans bond portfolio indices, which match the benefit obligations.
The Company is primarily self-insured for health care, workers compensation and general liability costs. Accordingly, provisions are made for the Companys actuarially determined estimates of discounted future claim costs for such risks, for the aggregate of claims reported and claims incurred but not yet reported. Self-insured liabilities totaled $15 million for both January 29, 2011 and January 30, 2010. The Company discounts its workers compensation and general liability reserves using a risk-free interest rate. Imputed interest expense related to these liabilities was not significant for 2010, 2009, and 2008.
The Company recognizes rent expense for operating leases as of the possession date for store leases or the commencement of the agreement for a non-store lease. Rental expense, inclusive of rent holidays, concessions and tenant allowances are recognized over the lease term on a straight-line basis. Contingent payments based upon sales and future increases determined by inflation related indices cannot be estimated at the inception of the lease and accordingly, are charged to operations as incurred.
The functional currency of the Companys international operations is the applicable local currency. The translation of the applicable foreign currency into U.S. dollars is performed for balance sheet accounts using current exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date and for revenue and expense accounts using the weighted-average rates of exchange prevailing during the year. The unearned gains and losses resulting from such translation are included as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss within shareholders equity.
Recently issued accounting pronouncements did not, or are not believed by management to, have a material effect on the Companys present or future consolidated financial statements.
The Company has determined that its reportable segments are those that are based on its method of internal reporting. As of January 29, 2011, the Company has two reportable segments, Athletic Stores and Direct-to-Customers. The Company acquired CCS during the fourth quarter of 2008, and its operations are presented within the Direct-to-Customers segment.
The accounting policies of both segments are the same as those described in the Summary of Significant Accounting Policies note. The Company evaluates performance